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How is air supply regulated in wood burning stoves?

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Agreed with the answer above. every wood stove will have some type of damper located somwhere on the stove. regulating your air flow controls heat output and burn time!

Posted on Dec 08, 2014

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Usually their is air flow slots on the clean out door

Posted on Dec 08, 2014

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To regulate air flow, there are damper devices built into the stove, flue and stove pipes. Keeping the air flowing correctly through a wood-burning stove is essential for safe and efficient operation of the stove. Fresh air needs to enter the wood compartment to provide oxygen fuel for the fire; as the fire burns, the smoke must be allowed to rise through the stove pipes, and exit through the chimney.

Posted on May 07, 2013

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Can't keep the wood burning in stove. How does the buck stove take in air?


To burn properly, it needs proper combustion air and proper draft. Draft is effected by the size and height of the flue the appliance is connected to and by how much combustion air is available. The appliance flue connection should not be reduced to fit a smaller chimney size. That is, an 8" flue should not have an 8 x 6 reducer to vent it into a 6" chimney.

The wood you are burning could contribute to a poorly burning fire. To burn properly, the wood needs to have been "seasoned" for a minimum of 1 year or close to it. Two years is even better. "Green"
or freshly cut wood contains an unbelieveable amount of moisture in it and a tremendous amount of the heat is wasted just "preheating" the wood to the temperature that causes it to release gasses for ignition.

I don't know the style or model of your Buck, but all wood burning appliances should have combustion air dampers of either a sliding design, rotating round design or hinged design with handle at the bottom front of the firebox. I'm sure there are some fancy new designs that have air piped in from outside the structure.

Every wood fired stove, fireplace or furnace has its own idiosyncrasies and its up to the user to determine what's required for making it operate as designed.

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Why does my blazeking wood burning stove get creasote in the fire box and how do i get it out?


Hi Darlene,
Creosote consists of combustion byproducts,[smoke] that gradually builds up in the stove & chimney.MOISTURE in the wood,and slow burning greatly increase build-up. 1/4 '' of creosote is considered a hazard. Consult a professional chimney sweep,then burn only 'seasoned' dry hardwood,and when you start or re-kindle the fire,burn it hot enough to thoroughly heat the flue; this will draw the smoke up the chimney faster,decreasing the time build-up can occur. Stay Warm!

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1 Answer

How do i keep this fire alight


How to light a wood stove fire
Stove Help & Advice Home

There are many ways to light a fire in a wood stove. There is no one right way to do it and I am sure that all the stove owners out there will have their own individual ways of lighting fires that have developed over the years.

This is one way to light a woodburner. Ensure that the stove firebox is not full of ash - remove ash if necessary using a suitable metal container. If the stove is a multifuel stove where the only air supply is from beneath the stove grate then you will need to make sure that the grate is clear from ash and that the ashpan is empty (or at least that the ash in the ashpan is not obstructing the air flow to the fire).

Open the bottom air vents of the stove and open the flue damper if you have one. Some people use firelighters but personally I think that they smell bad and are uneccessary.

Start with some pieces of newspaper and scrunch them into loose balls. Some people tie them into knots or other shapes which is fine as well. I have tried this and it takes much longer than just scrunching the paper into balls.
I use about 8 full sheets of newspaper to light the fire. It is possible to use much less paper, but if there is no need to conserve your newspaper supply then my opinion is that you might as well be assured that the fire will light by using a little bit extra. Pile the balls of newspaper in the centre of the firebox.
Get some kindling. If you do not have some already prepared then use dry seasoned pieces of firewood. Softwoods or light hardwoods are best so pine, beech, or ash would be fine. Use a hatchet to chop the wood into some small pieces roughly 10mm square. The sizes do not have to be very precise and I would not recommend measuring each bit! Lay around 6 small pieces on top of the newspaper in different directions - rather like the game pickup sticks. The idea is that air and flames should be able to get to each piece of wood. Now lay a few larger 30mm and 40mm square pieces on top.

Light the newspaper in a couple of places at the bottom and when they are going close the door of the stove.

Once the wood has caught alight and the fire is going well inside the stove you can put some larger pieces of wood into the firebox. Place them gently on top of the fire. Do not fill the firebox with wood - I would recommend burning around 3-4 large pieces of wood at a time. At this stage you can turn the air supply down a little but aim to maintain good flames whilst not letting the fire smoulder.

If you have air vents at the top of the stove then close down the air vents at the bottom and open those at the top. You may need to do this gradually as the fire develops.

A novel way of lighting a fire is in a top-down direction. You start with the bigger pieces of wood, then on top of them put the smaller pieces of kindling and on top of that lay some newspaper balls. Everything is done in the same way as in the bottom-up method discussed above but just in reverse order. Light the newspaper and the fire will work it's way down. Surprisingly this is a remarkably good way of lighting a fire - why not give it a try.

If you are still having troubles lighting your fire, you can always purchase a Phoenix firelighter. No newspaper or kindling is required and can have your stove roaring away in 2 minutes. The Phoenix Firelighter has revolutionised lighting of solid fuel fires whether it be wood for coal and only costs 1p per fire.

Things not to do

Do not use paraffin, ethanol, petrol or similar to help you light a stove. Here is an article about someone who did
Do not leave the stove unattended whilst it is being lit, especially if you have cracked the door or ash pan open to give it that little boost of air.


Source: stoves online dot co dot uk

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1 Answer

Wood burning heater when putting wood into stove lots of smoke comes into the house when door is opened.


It ain't drafting right or you have the damper closed. Look for obstructions in the smoke stack.
Wood burning tips
  • Burn only wood. No garbage, plastics, rubber, paint or oil, briquettes, paper, etc. Burning these items releases harmful chemicals into the air.
  • Burn Wise Program from EPA: Emphasizes the importance of burning the right wood.
  • Build small, hot fires instead of large, smoldering ones.
  • Don't "bed the fire down" for the night. Holding a fire overnight is a fire hazard and can create serious indoor and outdoor air pollution problems.
  • Open your damper if the smoke is dark. Dark smoke indicates more pollution is being produced and fuel is being wasted.
  • Keep your stove clean and well-maintained. Follow manufacturer guidelines; replace catalytic stove filters every 1-4 years. Have your chimney checked and cleaned at least once a year.
Use seasoned wood The best fuel for woodstoves is dry, "seasoned" wood. Seasoned wood has a moisture content of about 20% or less. It tends to be dark in color, cracked on the ends, light in weight and has bark that is easily broken or peeled. Here are some tips for preparing seasoned wood:
  • Split the wood to help it dry. Wood will dry out more quickly and burn best if the wood is cut to about 3 1/2 inches to 6 inches in diameter.
  • Cover the split firewood to protect it from the weather and stack it loosely in alternating layers, at least 6 inches off the ground.
  • Time must be given to allow the wood to reach 20% or less moisture required for seasoned wood. This process takes approximately 6-12 months. Think ahead and buy next winter's wood well in advance.
It is recommended an annual chimney cleaning to remove creosote build up and to identify potential problems. Things to consider:
  • The Chimney cap may be plugged by debris.
  • Catalytic combustor and baffles are exposed to very high heat and deteriorate as used. Replace every 1-4 years depending on use.
  • Stovepipe angles and bolts are subject to corrosion.
  • Gaskets on airtight stove doors need replacement every few years. Gaskets and seals are used by the appliance designer to control the location and flow of air into the appliance.
  • Check seams on stoves sealed with furnace cement. Seams may leak and cause you to loose valuable heat and reduce the efficiency of the unit.
  • Replace broken or missing firebricks.
  • Keep the floor of your stove clean of debris and ash.
-from the web

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