Question about Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium with Service Pack 1: Windows

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How will i restore deleted userinit file in system32 folder?

I accidently deleted userinit file from system32 folder and when the computer is restarted its not allowing me to log on , it kicks me back to the user logon screen. is there any way that i can restore this file from xp cd?? or whats the best way to fix this? i have tons of data in my computer and i reallly dont want to do a reinstallation. please help ASAP.

my operating system is XP home SP2.

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Insert the original Windows XP CD (Windows XP with Service Pack 2 is preferred, but not required) and reboot the computer. You may need to configure your computer to boot from the CD-ROM drive.When the Windows XP Setup has started, press "R" to "repair the Windows XP installation using Recovery Console".
Select the Windows installation to repair (generally this is C:\Windows) by typing its number and then pressing ENTER.
Type the Administrator password and press ENTER.

Type the following commands:

D: [ENTER] 
CD I386 [ENTER]
EXPAND USERINIT.EX_ C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32 [ENTER]
NOTE: If your CD-ROM drive has a different letter assigned to it, enter "X:" instead, where X is the appropriate drive letter. 

After entering "EXPAND USERINIT.EX_ C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32" you should see the text "1 file(s) copied", in which case all went well.

Remove the Windows XP CD, type "EXIT" and press ENTER to restart your computer. You should now be able to log on as normally.

Posted on Mar 05, 2009

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How to do System Restore when the computer doesn't even boot to Safe Mode in...


System Restore is assumed to be the best method to recover the system from Registry or System file errors. Its easy to perform and is effective, no doubt. But what happens when the system doesn't even boot to the desktop, neither in Normal mode, nor in Safe Mode. How do you do a System Restore then. For Vista and Win 7 users, its a piece of cake, since the WinRE provides them the direct option to System Restore from the installation/repair CD. But what for the XP users?

The following method is very useful and serves as a bliss for Windows XP users to recover their system from crashes due to Registry or System file failures. All you need for the method is a Windows XP installation CD. (This is not a re-installation process. All data and settings are intact after the operation.)

Step 1: Boot to the Recovery Console
  • Insert the Windows XP CD into the computer.
  • Turn the computer off.
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  • As soon as you get the message 'Press any key to boot from the cd', hit enter.
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Step 2: Accessing the Restore points.
Type the following commands in the Recovery Console.


cd system~1

If you get an Access Denied error:
  • Type the following commands to change the directory to c:windowssystem32config:
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  • Rename the system branch of the registry. That will allow us to access the system restore folder from inside the Recovery Console. In case the process fails and you want to perform a Windows Repair you will need to rename system.bak to system again.
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  • Type exit to leave the recovery console and to restart the computer.
  • Go back into the Recovery Console and repeat Step 2.
cd _resto~1

If the _resto~1 folder exists, inside it there are several folders named RP1, RP2. These are restore points. RP1 is the oldest restore point. You can use dir to view what RP folders are available. If there is no _resto~1 folder or if there are no restore points inside it:
  • Type the following commands:
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Step 3: Choose the most convenient RP folder.
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Change the directory to snapshot:

cd snapshot

Step 4: Restore the main registry branches.
If you are being asked if you want to overwrite type in y to agree.

copy _registry_machine_system c:\windows\system32\config\system
copy _registry_machine_software c:\windows\system32\config\software


The following commands are most of the time optional however the process might not work if they are not executed

copy _registry_machine_security c:\windows\system32\config\security
copy _registry_machine_sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
copy _registry_user_.default c:\windows\system32\config\default

Type exit to reboot the system. Start the computer normally.

Thanks,
Abhishek

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