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I have seen this on several mowers. From what I remember, there is no adjustment on the Husqvarna 2348's. There are only a couple parts in this equation, the gear plate, right/left hand spindle arms, and draglinks. Most likely, a draglink or spindle arm is bent slightly. Hope this helps.
Interesting! The steering gear can commonly become loose at a several points. I would check the steering wheel itself, prise off the central plastic cover and make sure the nut underneath is tight. Check the gear at the bottom of the steering wheel shaft, if this gets loose it can jump the gear teeth. Sometimes this is so bad the steering wheel will turn without moving the wheels. Tighten everything and replace any worn parts.
The steering wheel gear is out of adjustment. To repair this you must drop the plate under the tractor. Remove the two bolts holding the steering assembly,there you will a gear at the bottom of the steering wheel shaft. This gear matches up with a spline that controls the steering wheel travel. You must make sure,that the wheels are facing straight ahead. Place the steering gear at the center of the opposing gear teeth,this will give the steering wheel perfect travel in both directions. You will encounter a problem trying to replace the bolts back in,when reinstalling the steering wheel shaft assembly. You must keep the wheels straight,at all times,any movement from center will again throw the wheels out of adjustment. I almost forgot the most important step the mower must be removed Sound hard,doing this repair,when explaining,but can see what has to be done,is much easier.Please,be careful you most certainly,will have to jack up the tractor to get get to the steering assembly. Hope this helps. Sincerely,Brad Locke
Is your tractor a manual or hydromatic and what model? These make a difference to the kinds of linkage and safeties your tractor has. If it is a manual transmission (where you select a single gear 1-5 and have to stop to move gears by pressing in your brake pedal) you may have a loose or sticky linkage, or your brake pedal may not be properly disengaging the belt to the transmission and need adjustment. If you jack the rear end of the tractor up and properly secure it so it is safe to look underneath you can do 2 checks.
1. Set your parking brake when you do this (which should hold your brake pedal down). Check to see if the drive belt (not the belt for the mower deck) is loose around the engine pulley so that it has some slack and can be spun without great force or moving the motor pulley. If this belt is not loose with the pedal down, chances are the brake pedal is malfunctioning and not releasing the tension on the drive belt. This can cause your problem by keeping tension on the gears even though it should be engaged.
2 Check there is no sticks or other obstructions to the shift lever mechanism or where it goes into the transmission. Also check to see if anything is bent or badly worn in the actual shift lever assembly going to the trans. This could also keep you from shifting freely.
3. Lastly, the transmission may also be bound up by pressure on the gears. This is especially common If you parked on a slope, one thing to try is to simply rock the tractor forward and backward while trying to shift the shifter back into reverse or forward into first gear. You can also do this with the tractor rear end jacked up. In this case you may need to adjust the parking brake if you frequently park on a slope to ensure it holds securely. (this is much like if you can't turn the key in your car after the steering wheel was turned past the lock point under pressure.) Otherwise more details may help resolve your issue.
Joseph, Most likely it is the bronze bushing at the other end of the steering shaft. You will need to remove the mower deck to access it more easily. The steering gear could be replaced at the same time if you want, you will be right there at both the bushing and the gear, the sector shaft hopefully is ok. You can view this with a flash light before disassembly. It is on the steernig shaft that goes behind the fuel tank, down into the frame. As you or a helper turn the steernig wheel back and forth, you can see the engagment of the steering gear and the sector shaft, to determine if they need replacing too. Your dealer should have a dozen or so of those bronze bushings. Its not a bad job to do.
Usually there is one of two things that happens. The easiest and most common is a shoulder bolt that holds the big gear(down low behind the console under the engine cover) has come loose or fallen out. If this is the case go to your parts supplier and get a new one and make sure to use thread lock compound when you put the new one in. Before you permanently secure the bolt make sure you align the gears so you steering wheel will be in the right position as your wheels are pointed straight.
The other possibility is that one or both of the steering gears are stripped out. When you look for the missing bolt, inspect the gears and bushings for excessive wear.
Hope this takes care of you problem. Post back if you have further issues.
If this is an older mower it will most likely have to do with the linkage, it is worn and will create some problems for it to go into any gear. I just had the same problem with mine. If you are able to move the gear shift but the mower is not moving you will need to replace the drive belt. In order to do this you will need to drop the mowing deck to replace the drive belt. If possible you will need another person to assist you in order to speed things up. If not it will take a couple of hours by your self.
First put it in first or second gear and check the tension on the drive belt. If it is loose this will be the tell all sign that the drive belt will need to be replaced before the mower will move. However, most importantly check the adjustment for the tension on the belt. If it is not already adjusted all the way you can adjust it to put more tension on the drive belt allowing it to move again without the hassle of replacing the drive belt. If this does not work do the following.
Check your linkage where it goes to the top of the rearend and see if it is moving at this location. If it is not moving the lever at the top of the rearend you will need to replace the linkage in order for it to work;.
I was lucky with mine. Once, I replaced the drive belt it started working. I had no reverse.
Unfortunately, but I'm not 100% sure on your model, it is a sealed transmission. I have had the same problem on an lgt2654 husqvarna and the service center just ordered a new transmission to replace the faulty one. Fortunately it is warranted for two years and I'm covered. Curiously though the service center suggested that this unit, even though advertised as a garden tractor with all kinds of pictures of attachements, is not meant for moderate to heavy usage. i.e. pulling a lawn sweeper or yard cart full of dirt. I most definetely will re think my next purchase! Good Luck