Bobbin thread not feeding into the upper needle thread
New machine, White 2380, purchase for my granddaughters to teach them to sew.
We started sewing today on this machine and it has worked fine until I got going fast. I noticed the thread was not going into the material to make a stich. I stopped, checked the threading on my needle and the bobbin thread.
Closer examination showed the upper and lower threads are not locking together. I cannot get the bobbin thread to loop into the needle thread so I can sew. I've checked the threading pattern and it is correct.
The bobbin has plenty of thread and it is inserted correctly.
If anyone can help me asap I would appreciate it. The granddaughters are making pillowcases for their parents and have only 1 more day to complete a project before they leave to go home.
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Re: Bobbin thread not feeding into the upper needle...
Completely unthread the machine....ensure the needle piston shaft is in the correct position and retread the upper. reinstall the bobbin and turn the machine by hand to engage the bobbin thread. Draw the bobbin thread through the stitch plate and with the needle thread, allow to trail off the back. attempt to sew a piece of scap material.
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Check the upper tension by lowering the presser foot and pulling on the thread through the needle. You should feel resistance. If not, take a stiff brush and clean out the tension disks/dials removing any loose threads or lint. If upper tension is ok, check bobbin tension by pulling thread through needle plate opening. You should feel resistance. If not, remove bobbin case and brush any loose threads or lint from the case, especially in the tension spring where the thread is snapped into place. You may need to use a sharp needle to dig in between the spring but be careful that you don't damage it.
Brother machines are usually a very good brand. Sounds like you are having a small problem with threading..........I know how frustrating that can be!
Start over....totally from the beginning. First, clean the machine of all dust, I use a small paint brush to remove lint from the bobbin case area. Oil the machine. Remove all the thread from the machine, use a different bobbin and rewind it with new thread. Make sure the bobbin thread is the same as the thread you use to thread the upper needle with. Use a new needle that is the appropriate size for your sewing project. Check to make sure the feed dog is moving when you turn the wheel that raises the needle up and down. New needle, new bobbin, new thread......before you place the fabric under the presser foot (and with the presser foot raised), turn the wheel one complete rotation to allow the upper needle thread to catch the bobbin thread. Gently pull both threads out towards the back of the machine, making sure the bobbin thread is now coming up through the little hole in the feed dog plate. Place fabric under the presser foot, lower presser foot and as you slowly start to sew, make sure you have the bobbin thread pulled with slight tension out from the back of the needle. This will take up any slack in the bobbin thread and keep it from making a knotted mess. Good luck, I hope this helps.
Check the thread spool to see if there is a nick where the thread is catching. If there is, you can smooth away the nick with an emery board, or just flip the spool so the thread is feeding from the bottom of the spool.
Sometimes the thread feeds too quickly from the spool and puddles around the spool pin. A thread net (can be purchased online or at a sewing machine dealer) can eliminate this.
Check the threading to be sure it is correct - always thread to top thread with the presser foot up.
Check the bobbin to be sure the thread is feeding from the bobbin spool in the correct direction and through the correct guides.
Refer to your manual for threading and bobbin position.
When the sewing machine is properly timed, all the parts work together in a seamless flow of coordination. The needle moves from it highest point down toward the needle plate. The feed dogs reach the farthest point toward the back of the sewing machine. The feed dogs drop under the needle plate. This is just before the needle point reaches the needle plate. The needle continues to move down dragging the upper thread under the needle plate. It proceeds toward its lowest point. The needle begins its rise back up. A loop of thread forms along the back of the needle. A special cut out on the back of the needle to accommodate this loop is called the scarf. The sewing machine hook slides behind the needle. The point of the hook slides into the thread loop and pulls the thread around the bobbin. The bobbin thread and upper thread wrap together. The needle and hook proceed through their actions under the needle plate. The feed dogs move under the needle plate from back to front. The needle proceeds to rise again up out of the bobbin area exiting the needle plate. At the same time the feed dogs rise up out from under the needle plate. They begin to move from front to back as the needle continues to rise. The thread from the bobbin flows through a bobbin tensioner providing resistance to the thread as it is drawn up by the upper thread knot. The upper thread is also under tension. This comes from the upper tension, thread guides, tension spring, and sewing machine take up lever. The thread from top and bobbin grow increasingly tighter until they form a locked stitch in the middle of the fabric. This process is repeated for every stitch. How do you adjust sewing machine timing?
The needle, hook, and feed dogs must move in harmony. If they fail to do so, the machine will not perform as expected. When the hook is just slightly out of time with the needle, you will notice skipped stitches. This may begin on only one side of the zig zag stitch or intermittently. If the timing is just a bit more out of sync, stitch formation will become impossible. If the feed dog timing is out of sync, the fabric will not move through the machine as expected. Threads may bunch up or the fabric may just not move. As you can see, timing is everything. click on this link directly http://www.fixsewingmachines.com/How-to-Adjust-Sewing-Machine-Timing.html
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Oh yuck! this sounds terrible. Sounds like maybe you have two problems going on and feeding into each other. The first problem may be that the machine needs a good cleaning Here's what I'd do:
1. Take apart the bobbin assembly and clean it out completely. 2. Take off the feed dogs if you can (first, you'll need to take off the throat plate.) Clean the feed dogs as thoroughly as possible. 3. Brush out any/all lint, threads, dust, etc. 4. Oil the machine. 5. Make sure you're using the right size needle for the fabric 6. Make sure you're using the right presser foot
The other problem may be that the needle is hitting the throat plate or something else it shouldn't. Using a new needle, slowly move it down to see where it's hitting or rubbing. Check that the needle is inserted as far in as it will go and that it's being held securely.
When you start sewing, hold the upper thread and the bobbin thread together behind the needle so there's no slack. This usually prevents 'bird nests'.
Make sure your needle is in correctly. Check your threading again.
If that does not work, remove throat plate, install new needle, turn hand wheel until needle is at its lowest position and observe if the hook is exactly behind the eye of the needle. If that is correct then you do not have threaded correctly. If it is not then the machine needs to be re-timed.