Question about Everex StepNote NC1500 Laptop PC

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E system 3088

Hi i have a e system laptop and need the chipset drivers for my c7-m processor for my graphics to work properly where can i get these drivers from
thank you gareth

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Laptop is a rebranded ecs g322 visit ecs website for all drivers and manual e.t.c

Posted on Sep 27, 2009

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Go to via tech web site thats the company that makes the video chips for that notbook i know because i have the everex nc1502 trust me

Posted on Mar 10, 2010

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Dell latitude D610 vga drivers sites


Hi
All drivers for Windows XP for this laptop can be found here:
Product Support Dell US

If under the category heading you specify "video" then the list will give you 2 drivers - both in the form of executable files - which can be downloaded and installed onto the computer. One of the files is for the Intel graphics chipset, and the other for the ATI graphics chipset. You need to make sure of the chipset you have otherwise the drivers will not work properly, if at all.
Hope this is helpful, if so would you please register that with Fixya
Cheers

Nov 17, 2014 | PC Laptops

1 Answer

Dell latitude D610 vga drivers


Hi
All drivers for Windows XP for this laptop can be found here:
Product Support Dell US
If under the category heading you specify "video" then the list will give you 2 drivers - both in the form of executable files - which can be downloaded and installed onto the computer. One of the files is for the Intel graphics chipset, and the other for the ATI graphics chipset. You need to make sure of the chipset you have otherwise the drivers will not work properly, if at all.
Hope this is helpful, if so would you please register that with Fixya
Cheers

Nov 17, 2014 | PC Laptops

1 Answer

Correct Graphics Driver for Windows 7


try a downloadble programme like driver easy or similar.

Apr 24, 2013 | PC Laptops

1 Answer

No video


You're welcome George.

1) How is an Nvidia driver suspect, when it's an ATI chipset?

2) Is CPxJ650on the bottom of the laptop? (Latitude 650 )

3) Here is the Service Manual download page from Dell Support,

http://support.dell.com/support/edocs/systems/pcpxhj/en/index.htm

(I left-clicked the Service Manual link with no prob)

Service Manual?

!O_O!

Why?

I might be mistaken.

Even brought about more so by this specification listing,

http://gdgt.com/dell/latitude/cpx/j650/specs/


The term Discrete Graphics is used;
Video - Graphics adapter - Discrete

Laptop manufacturers have misused this term for years, though.
Discrete graphics means there is a separate Processor used for graphics.
This means there is a separate circuit board, with a G.P.U. on it, and it doesn't use any of the System Resources.

Graphics Processing Unit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

To go more in depth;

For a Notebook PC the GPU can be;
1) Soldered directly to the motherboard. Uses part of the System Resources; i.e., Processor and Ram Memory.
Integrated Graphics.

2) Soldered using a small circuit board, and then the circuit board is soldered to the motherboard, with a BGA surface mount.

3) Soldered to an adapter card, and the adapter card is removable.
Plugs into an interface on the motherboard.

All of the above I'm sure you know.
My thoughts are a laptop of this era will have it's GPU, or said as graphics chipset, soldered to the motherboard via a BGA surface mount.
As stated in Number 2 above.
Would still be discrete graphics, but soldered to the motherboard.

Ball Grid Array.
To explain a BGA surface mount;

The Processor is supposed to be an Intel Pentium III 650. (Mobile),

http://gdgt.com/dell/latitude/cpx/j650/specs/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_Pentium_III_microprocessors#Mobile_processors

Scrolling down, and looking at - Mobile Pentium III 650, you can see it will be attached to the motherboard with a BGA2 socket, (BGA surface mount), or a uPGA2 socket,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micro-PGA2 (Click to enlarge photo)

The Intel Pentium III processor has contact pins on the bottom, that mate up with matching socket holes in the uPGA2 processor socket.

With a BGA surface mount, there are no contact pins coming down from the bottom of the graphics chipset, nor socket holes in a socket on the motherboard.

In place of the contact pins are Solder Balls.
In place of the socket holes are Copper Pads.
(The copper pads are gold plated)

The graphics chipset's circuit board is set into place on the motherboard, with the Solder Balls lining up with the matching Copper Pads on the motherboard.

Heat is then applied as a specific temperature, and length of time.
This action melts the solder balls, and solders the graphics chipset to the copper pads.
(Which in turn solders the graphics chipset to the motherboard)

The two hardware components in a computer, Laptop or Desktop, that give off the most heat; is the Processor and graphics chipset.
The cooling components for laptops usually concentrate mostly on the Processor, with the graphics chipset getting the 'leftovers'.

This means the graphics chipset may go become too hot, and many times. (Turn laptop on, turn laptop off, etc)

This can lead to the solder connections made, of graphics chipset to motherboard; may partially melt, then re-solidify when the laptop is turned off.
This leads to cold solder joints, (Connections), and creates a poor contact of graphics chipset to motherboard.

Example of a BGA Rework Station in use, and more information on the BGA surface mount,

http://www.ersa.com/art-ir-pl-650-346-1472.html

Scroll down, click on the Red -
Take a few minutes to view the IR 650 demo video

The laptop will especially overheat if it is dirty inside.

{ You open the laptop to repair it, you wear an ESD wrist strap, and have it's alligator clip attached to a good ground source.
Cost averages around $3 to $6.
I clip to an unpainted surface, of the metal frame of an open, empty desktop computer case.

Or you can set a large metal serving tray (Unpainted), on the table youare working on, and clip to it. Or large metal knickknack (Unpainted }

Make sure the laptop is clean inside, then you may wish to try reflowing the graphics chipset. I prefer a BGA Rework Station, but perhaps other methods may work for you.

Most of the time the reason other methods do not work, is the heating, and cooling down processes are not correct.

The graphics chipset is not heated uniformly, and to the correct temperature.
The chipset has to be S-l-o-w-l-y cooled down, so there are no cold solder joints.

Just for information; Not advertising for this guy,

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEpnqhRYGLw

Uniform heating
Proper temperature reached
Length of time
Slow cool down period

For additional questions please post in a Comment.

Regards,
joecoolvette

Oct 13, 2012 | Dell Latitude 650 Notebook

1 Answer

Hp tx2530ee


http://h10025.www1.hp.com/ewfrf/wc/product?cc=us&lc=en&dlc=en&product=3767544

The HP Pavilion TX2530ee Notebook PC uses Integrated Graphics.

Uses AMD ATI Radeon HD3200 graphics.
Which is an AMD ATI RS780G graphics chipset,

http://www.ebay.com/itm/ATI-AMD-215-0674007-Chipset-RS780-780G-BGA-Mainboard-Chips-IC-with-Balls-New-/230684694846?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item35b5e1193e

The Left side shows the TOP.
The Right side shows the BOTTOM.

The Right side shows the -> Solder Balls.

To digress;

Chip and Chipset are slang terms for I.C.
Integrated Circuit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit

The Integrated Circuit, or chipset, for graphics; is a graphics chipset, or properly known as the G.P.U.
Graphics Processing Unit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

The chipset itself, is in the middle of the green, square small circuit board.
The small circuit board, is used to connect the chipset to the motherboard.

The AMD ATI 780G graphics chipset is mounted to the motherboard, with a BGA surface mount.
Ball Grid Array.

To explain the BGA surface mount let's compare to an older Intel Pentium 4 processor, that uses a Socket 478 processor socket.

The processor has 478 contact pins sticking down out of the bottom.
The Socket 478 processor socket has 478 matching socket holes,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socket_478

With a BGA surface mount, there are no contact pins on the graphics chipset.
There are no socket holes on the motherboard.

In place of the contact pins are Solder Balls as you have seen.
In place of the socket holes on the motherboard, are Copper Pads.

The graphics chipset is set into place over the motherboard, with the Solder Balls lining up on the matching Copper Pads.
Then heat is applied at a specific temperature, and length of time.

This action melts the Solder Balls, and solders the graphics chipset, TO the Copper Pads.
(Which in turn of course, solders the graphics chipset TO the motherboard )

IF, the cooling for the graphics chipset is Inadequate, the graphics chipset will overheat.
Constant overheating, will partially melt the solder connections that were made.

When the laptop is turned off the solder connections will re-solidify.
This causes Cold solder joints, and a poor contact of graphics chipset to motherboard.
(Solder joint = solder connection)

Could be the graphics chipset just needs to be re-soldered to the motherboard, and better cooling for the graphics chipset, implemented.

Hence why the long 'tutorial' above.

Unless of course the chipset is obviously burnt. Visually checked, and seen burned.

PROPERLY re-solder, or replace, requires a BGA Rework machine.
(BGA Rework Station)
Here let me show you a BGA Rework Station in action,

http://www.ersa.com/art-ir-pl-650-346-1472.html

Scroll the page down, click on the Red -
Take a few minutes to view the IR 650 demo video (5 minutes)

[Most of the time the shop you take it to, does not have;
A) Proper training for the techs to perform this
B) Proper machine

Want to just replace the motherboard due to the above, and also brings more $$$$$ in their pockets ]


Now who?
Depends on where you are located. I bet this guy can do it,

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEpnqhRYGLw

Regards,
joecoolvette

Aug 10, 2012 | PC Laptops

2 Answers

Show video card Aspire 1691


I concur with Chris about this laptop model, (NOT that Chris needs me to concur)

If I may;

For the Aspire 1690 series of Notebook PC's, the graphics chipset is soldered directly to the motherboard.

There are models of laptops that DO indeed have a separate graphics, or video card. They use the MXM technology.

The Acer Aspire 1691wlmi Notebook PC, may have either the ATI Mobility Radeon X600 GPU, or the ATI Mobility Radeon X700 GPU.
(Graphics Processing Unit, or also known as the graphics chipset)

This is one example of the ATI Mobility Radeon X600 graphics chipset,

http://www.ebay.com/itm/1x-ATI-Mobility-Radeon-X600-216PDAGA23F-BGA-Chipset-/280796092668?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item4160c058fc

You are looking at a Top View, as it is mounted on the motherboard.
What you do not see is the method of mounting.
This graphics chipset is mounted to the motherboard, via a BGA surface mount.

Ball Grid Array.
To explain the BGA surface mount;
Compare to an older Intel Pentium 4 desktop processor, that uses a Socket 478 processor socket,

The processor has contact pins on the bottom of it's circuit board. 478 of 'em.
The processor socket has matching socket holes. (478),

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socket_478

With a BGA surface mount there are no contact pins, on the bottom of the graphics chipset, as used on an older Intel Pentium 4 processor. (That uses a Socket 478 processor socket)

There are no socket holes in a processor socket.
No socket on the motherboard.

In place of the contact pins, there are Solder Balls on the bottom of the graphics chipset.
In place of the socket holes in a socket on the motherboard, there are instead Copper Pads.
(The copper pads are also gold plated)

The graphics chipset is set down on the motherboard, with the Solder Balls lining up on the Copper Pads.
Heat is then applied at a specific temperature, and length of time.
This action melts the solder balls, and solders the graphics chipset to the copper pads.
(Thereby also soldering the graphics chipset TO the motherboard)

This example of one maker, of a SMT/BGA Rework Station at work, will help demonstrate the above method,

http://www.ersa.com/art-ir-pl-650-346-1472.html

Scroll the page down, click on the red -
Take a few minutes to view the IR 650 demo video

That's just the mechanical aspects of replacing/upgrading a GPU, using a BGA surface mount.
Now you need to look into what will work.

The motherboard chipset determines what hardware components, can be used on a motherboard.
The motherboard chipset, as used on the Acer Aspire 1690 series of Notebook PC's, uses a Northbridge chip, and a Southbridge chip.

(Chip and Chipset are slang terms for I.C.
Integrated Circuit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit

The Integrated Circuit, or chipset, that is used for graphics, is the graphics chipset, or G.P.U.,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU )

The Northbridge chip handles the faster capabilities of a computer.
Handles the Processor, Ram Memory, and High-speed graphics.

A graphics chipset using the PCI bus is NOT high-speed graphics.
(Such as a PCI graphics card inserted into a PCI slot, on a desktop computer motherboard)
Integrated graphics is also Not high-speed graphics.

High-speed graphics uses an AGP bus, or a PCI-Express bus.
The ATI Mobility Radeon X600, and X700 graphics chipset, on the Acer Aspire 1690 series of Notebook PC's, uses a PCI Express x16 bus,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_AMD_graphics_processing_units#Mobility_Radeon_X300.2C_X600.2C_X700.2C_X800_Series

IF, your Aspire 1690 series Notebook PC, uses an ATI Mobility Radeon X600 graphics chipset, and you wanted to upgrade to an ATI Mobility Radeon X700 graphics chipset, it would not be worth your trouble.

By the time you buy the X700 chipset, have the X600 removed, and X700 installed, it would be cheaper, and wiser to just buy a better laptop.

[ One I bought for work to use on Electronic Technical Manual's, is an Acer Aspire 5552-3691
1) AMD Athlon II X2 P340 (Dual Core) processor
2) 4GB of DDR3 Sdram (SO-DIMM) ram memory at 1066MHz
3) ATI Mobility Radeon HD 4250 graphics chipset.
Price? $398.00USD.

Not the best by FAR. But MUCH better than what you have presently.
Just food for thought ]

Just thought you would like to know why, it isn't feasible to try to upgrade the graphics chipset.

For additional questions please post in a Comment.
Regards,
joecoolvette

Jun 06, 2012 | Acer Aspire 1691WLMi PC Notebook

1 Answer

Ggateway ms2274 shutting down wont start up


onehugo, has the inside of the laptop been cleaned out?

The Gateway MS2274, is also known as part of the Gateway NV52 series of Notebook PC's.

Look on the bottom of the laptop, and post the Model Number.
(Examples, NV5207U, NV5211U, NV5212U, and so on)

http://support.gateway.com/us/en/s/notebook/2009/gateway/nv/nv52/NV52nv.shtml

(Clicking on Product Views, then on the different product views given, will show you the ms2274 is part of the NV52 series )

The laptop uses the same cooling system as most laptops.

1) Cooling Tube:

Slightly flattened copper tube, sealed on both ends, and filled with Nitrogen.

At one end of the Cooling Tube there are two small metal plates. One plate sits on top of the Processor. The other plate sits on top of the graphics chipset.

At the other end of the Cooling Tube a Heatsink is mounted.

2) Heatsink:
For this series it is a rectangular finned object. Small strip of metal with Tall, Thin fins protruding from it.

3) Fan Assembly:
Fan set inside a backwards D shaped shroud. (Surrounding cage)

The Fan Assembly draws air up from the bottom, then exhausts the heated air out of the side of the laptop.

Operation:

The two small metal plates absorb heat from the Processor, and graphics chipset.
The heat is then absorbed by the Cooling Tube.

The Cooling Tube transfers the heat along it, up to the Heatsink
The Heatsink absorbs the heat, then radiates it away with the Tall, Thin fins.

Air flow from the Fan Assembly, helps carry heat away from the fins of the Heatsink.

This is an up close example of the cooling system used, on the Gateway NV52 series of Notebook PC's,

http://www.laptopneeds.com/parts/show/120817549354/

Scroll the page down to the photos.

The bottom photo shows the cooling system, as it looks removed from the laptop, and the side that contacts the Processor, and graphics chipset.

Here I am able to show you the metal plate surface, that contacts the Processor, and graphics chipset.
With this design there is only one large metal plate to do both jobs, instead of two small separate metal plates.

Coming from the end of the copper Cooling Tube, and going to the Left;

1) You will see a small square, covered partway with a gray Thermal Paste.
(Thermal Paste makes a triangle shape)

This pad sits on top of the Processor/

2) Coming to the left a little further you will see a rectangular copper pad, with gray Thermal Paste smeared on it. This pad sits on top of the graphics chipset.

[ The Processor and graphics chipset, are the two hardware components inside a computer, that give off the most heat ]

Also here you will see at the side of the (Black) Fan Assemblies shroud, is the finned Heatsink.

Point of this long 'dissertation'?

Want you to see the cooling system, and especially the fins of the Heatsink.

Air is drawn up by that fan, and pushed through the fins of the Heatsink.

ANYTHING the fan draws up with the air, is pushed through the fins of the Heatsink

Dust, dirt, hair, food crumbs, lint, ...you name it, is drawn in.

This coats the fan blades, fan's center hub, and surrounding cage. (Shroud)
Also clogs the fins of the Heatsink.

This drops the cooling capacity of the cooling system, tremendously.

The Processor, and graphics chipset overheats.

When a Processor overheats it turns off. (BIOS turns it off)
No Processor operating, no computer.

After a few times of this error codes are logged in. BIOS won't turn the Processor on, until the problem is fixed, and error codes are cleared.

Solution is to clean the inside of the laptop out.

Laptop partially disassembled;
Use an ESD wrist strap, ($3 to $6), and connect it's alligator clip to a good ground source.

Use compressed air for computers, a soft small brush, (Makeup brush?). and Q-tips.

No sir/ma'am.
Using compressed air at the Fan Assemblies opening, at the bottom of the laptop, (Air Intake Duct) WILL NOT DO THE JOB CORRECTLY.

It will just shove the gunk further into the fins of the Heatsink.

Use compressed air at the side of the laptop, and the exhaust port?

Even WORSE!

Also;

You see I mentioned Thermal Paste.

The bottom of the two pads on the large metal plate, on the Cooling Tube, (Whew!), is not perfectly smooth.

Neither is the top of the Processor, and graphics chipset.

A magnified view would show imperfections.
'Pitholes, Valleys, and Hills'.

When the two surfaces are mated together, (Pads on top of Processor, and graphics chipset), they create Air Pockets.

Air is an Insulator. Not a Conductor.

Thermal paste fills these imperfections, and is an excellent Conductor of heat. Transfers the heat well.

After time the Thermal Paste dries up. Caused by age, and the heat of the Processor, and graphics chipset.

Fresh, new Thermal Paste should be used.

The top of the Processor, and graphics chipset, plus the bottom of those two pads on the metal plates, should be cleaned THOROUGHLY!

Then fresh, new thermal paste is PROPERLY applied.

Software problem? Windows is messing up?

NO

You stated the laptop is shutting off, BEFORE the operating system is started.

[ You press the Power On button. This is tun presses against a momentary contact switch. The Power On switch.

The first chipset to receive power is the BIOS chipset.

BIOS looks to see what devices are connected, does a Ram Memory count, turns the Processor on, then hands the computer over to the O/S.

The Processor isn't turning on, or isn't staying on ]

I can post links to the NV53 series of Notebook PC's, for a Service Manual, and pictorial guide, for disassembly.
With this info you can crossover easily to your NV52 series.

If you wish to clean out the inside of your laptop yourself.

There is ALSO other needed information I will state along with them.

Post back in a Comment.

Regards,
joecoolvette

(Apologizes for the long solution )

May 17, 2012 | Gateway PC Laptops

1 Answer

Screen wont light up


wafy_m, the problem can be attributed to the graphics chipset, is lifting off of the motherboard.
The mounting has loosened.

This is because the cooling system for the graphics chipset, is inadequate.

Chip and Chipset are slang terms for I.C.
Integrated Circuit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit

The graphics chipset is the GPU,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

The mounting of the GPU to the motherboard, is done with a BGA surface mount,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_grid_array

To explain a BGA surface mount, compare to an older Intel Pentium 4 processor, that uses a Socket 478 processor socket,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socket_478

The Processor has contact pins on the bottom. 478 of 'em.
The Socket 478 processor socket has matching socket holes.

With a BGA surface mount there are no contact pins, nor socket holes.

In place of the contact pins there are Solder Balls.
In place of the socket holes there are Copper Pads.
(Which have a gold plating on them)

The graphics chipset is set into place over the motherboard, with it's Solder Balls lining up on the motherboard's matching Copper Pads.

Heat is then applied at a specific temperature, and length of time.
The Solder Balls melt, which solders the graphics chipset to the Copper Pads.
(Which in turn solders the graphics chipset to the motherboard)

With the inadequate cooling for the graphics chipset, after time the solder connections will begin to partially melt.

This leads to a poor contact of the graphics chipset to the motherboard, and the problem you are having.

As previously stated the cooling system for the graphics chipset, is inadequate.

Cooling System:
The cooling system consists of a Cooling Tube, Heatsink, and Fan Assembly.

The Cooling Tube is a slightly flattened copper tube, filled with Nitrogen, and sealed on both ends.

Towards one end of the tube is an aluminum plate. This plate sits on top of the Processor. Has four screws through it. Removing these screws removes the cooling system assembly.

Coming up the tube a little bit, is another aluminum plate. This one is smaller, and sits on top of the graphics chipset.

Connected at the opposite end is the Heatsink.
The Heatsink is a small thin piece of metal, with Tall, Thin, fins protruding from it.

Next to the Heatsink is the Fan Assembly.
The Fan Assembly, is a Fan inside of a cage, or shroud.

Draws air up from the bottom of the laptop, and pushes it through the Heatsink's fins, and out the side of the laptop.

Heat from the graphics chipset, and the Processor, are absorbed by their metal plates.
The Cooling Tube absorbs heat from the two aluminum metal plates.

The Cooling Tube transfers the heat along up to the Heatsink.
The Heatsink absorbs the heat, then radiates it away with the Tall, Thin fins.

Airflow from the Fan Assembly, helps to carry heat away from the fins of the Heatsink.

The surface area of the metal plate on top of the graphics chipset, is too small. It is inadequate in surface area size.

The one on the Processor is barely adequate.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnkQNmKauEc&feature=relmfu

The above is posted for reference. Pause the video at 7:43 to see the cooling system I described above.

1) Black Fan Assembly to the upper left.

2) To the immediate left side of the Fan Assembly is the Heatsink.
Black in color, slightly rounded outside edge, goes along the full length of the left side of the Fan Assembly. Hard to discern the fins.

3) The aluminum X shaped piece with 4 black screws in it, on the copper Cooling Tube, is the metal plate for the Processor.

4) Coming up the copper Cooling Tube towards the Fan Assembly, is the second aluminum metal plate. It is shaped sort of like an S, with flat ends. This plate sits on top of the graphics chipset.

Solution?
Properly remelt the solder connections of the graphics chipset, to the copper pads.
Add surface area to the Processor's metal plate, and the graphics chipset's metal plate.

PROPER method is to use a BGA Rework Machine. Performed by a shop who has one.

ANY other method may is less than. The procedure may last a week, a month, or maybe longer.

There was a recall on this series of Notebook PC.
It is over,

http://www.nvidiasettlement.com/index.html

[ No, replacing the motherboard does NOT cure the problem ]

For additional questions please post in a Comment.

Regards,
joecoolvette

Feb 17, 2012 | HP Pavilion dv9000z Notebook

1 Answer

Computer dell latitude D610 built in 2006 replacing the viedo card how too's and also what can I do to mabe upgrade this veido card? and dose anything else need to be updated at the same time as the...


Sorry Jimmy, the Dell Latitude D610 Notebook PC uses Integrated Graphics.
There is no graphics card to upgrade.

Your Dell either came with a form of the Intel GMA graphics chipset , or the ATI Radeon Mobility X300 graphics chipset.

http://support.dell.com/support/edocs/systems/latd610/en/ug_en/specs.htm

Either/Or

The way Dell states it, (And also this is for a LOT of laptop manufacturers), is that you have either the option when purchasing, of having an Intel GMA chipset for graphics, or discrete graphics of the ATI Radeon Mobility X300, for graphics.

Discrete being the word that fools people. Makes them think it has a dedicated, removable graphics card, when in reality it is a graphics chipset soldered directly to the motherboard, and is not upgradeable.

Primer:
GPU
Graphics Processing Unit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

Essentially the 'graphics engine'.

A GPU can be installed directly on the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), OR installed on a removable graphics adapter card. (Graphics Card is shortened for graphics adapter card)

Integrated Graphics borrows from the system resources. The Processor and Ram Memory.
This is why programs, for example games, that use a lot of graphics 'power', do not perform well on a computer with Integrated Graphics.

{Read - programs that use a lot of graphics power. Such as some of the newer games. Integrated graphics, depending on what graphics chipset it is, CAN run some games. Ones that are not very graphics intensive}

A dedicated graphics card has it's own processor, and graphics ram memory. Does not need to borrow from the system resources.

Chip and Chipset are slang terms for I.C.
Integrated Circuit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit

The graphics chipset in your Dell Latitude, is mounted to the motherboard with a BGA surface mount.
Ball Grid Array

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_grid_array

To explain the BGA surface mount;
Let's use the older Intel Pentium 4 processor that uses a Socket 478 processor socket.
The bottom of the processor has contact pins. (478 of 'em)
The processor socket has matching socket holes for the contact pins. (478 of 'em)

With the BGA surface mount there are no contact pins. In place of them are Solder Balls.
There is no socket, or socket holes on the motherboard.
There are Copper Pads.

The graphics chipset is set into place with the Solder Balls lining up on the motherboard's Copper Pads.
Then heat is applied at a specified temperature, and length of time.

The solder balls melt which solders the graphics chipset to the motherboard. (To the Copper Pads)

Removal and replacement is properly performed with a BGA Rework Machine.
Costly, and not something you'll find a local shop performing.
{The machine is costly, and the operator needs to be S-K-I-L-L-E-D. Cost of having a chipset replaced is Ouch!}

There are two ways you can upgrade your graphics.

1) If you have the motherboard model with a form of Intel GMA chipset attached, you can purchase the motherboard that has the ATI Radeon Mobility X300, and install it.

2) Purchase a laptop with better graphics.

{Not trying to be snide}

For additional questions please post in a Comment.

Regards,
joecoolvette

Oct 25, 2011 | Dell Latitude D610 Notebook

2 Answers

Install windows over GOS


hi there,
this is simple "yes"...i don't see why not...i would load Windows 2000 Pro or even XP Pro on there .. it will run nicely .. just look at the Specifications:-

Hard Drive Size:
80 GB
System RAM:
512 MB
Operating System:
gOS
Processor Type:
VIA C7-D 1.5 GHz
Graphics Controller
Integrated
Graphics Processor / Vendor:
VIA UniChrome Pro
Optical Storage
CD-RW / DVD-ROM combo
Expansion Slots Total (Free):
1 ( 0 ) x processor ¦ 2 ( 1 ) x memory - DIMM 240-pin
Networking:
Network adapter - integrated
Modem:
Fax / modem

Apr 10, 2008 | PC Laptops

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