The elements on the top turn on and get hot, when i set the toaster oven to the broil or bake function the bottom elements do nothing and the top ones turn off. is this a function switch problem, thermostat? I do not know what part I may need. I don't have the user's manual.
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Not 100% sure but my guess. Most electric ovens usually bake with both elements on. The bake element(bottom) is usually on at full power with 240 volts to it. The broil element(top) is usually on at 1/2 power 120 volts to help even out the temperature. My guess is your bottom element is not coming on at all either because it is burned out or something in the control system. So what is happening is the oven is trying to heat to the set temp with only the top element keeping it on much longer than it normally should be on and burning everything. Now if you set the oven for bake and the top is on red hot, you have a control system problem something like a bad selector switch or main control board if the oven has a electronic control.
The broil is the top element and the bake is the bottom element...so with broil you are heating from the top and with bake you are heating from the bottom...if your oven has a fan, turn that on with a bake setting and it will speed up the process..
You are correct in your diagnosis. The selection switch has 2 sets of contacts that should only make one when on bake. The contacts internal to that fuse are most likely fused together, the other thing that could be going on is a short circuit in the wires to the selection switch causing the same problem. Typically a repair unless under warranty would be costly unless you are up for the challenge of replacing the switch and checking the wiring yourself.
Broil element does not have welded-on legs and will touch the bottom of oven, overheating itself and will end up the same way your bake element did; besides, the bottom of the oven will corrode pretty quick
Many ovens use both elements during bake cycle
self clean cycle uses broil element
The bake and broil elements typically have different mounting brackets and screw holes ate in different places
you'd have to cover the hole, left after removing the broil element, and insulate the wires, which went to broil element
the ends, protruding behind the mounting bracket may have different length and different connectors. you may end up shorting the wiring to the casing, which may in turn destroy the control board if there is one
Bake elements usually cost only $40-$60. No jury rigging required.
YES YOU ARE your trying to bake something in a toaster oven :) toaster ovens have two modes toast /bake in this mode top and bottom elements get hot .and broil in this mode only the top elements get hot . the problem is the marketing the word OVEN makes you think of a normal oven that the bottom elements do all the work . toaster ovens work well melting stuff and toasting . thats about it . if you must bake in it try placeing a sheet of foil on top of your baked goods it might insulate the top of you food . good luck ... if this answer helped please rate it a 3 or 4 stars , this high rateing will help keep me in the paid answer department , thank you