Need instructions to use the computer
Computers are omnipresent in most industries and jobs. Knowing how to use a computer is a necessary skill for almost anyone, regardless of your career. Computers are tools, and as with any tool, the best way to learn how to use them is to start with the basics
Most computers have a GUI (Graphical User Interface) that allows you to interact easily with the computer and software programs installed in it. The best way is with a hand-held device called a "mouse." Computer mice can come in many different shapes and designs, but most are oval-shaped with one or two buttons on top. Moving the mouse moves a corresponding cursor to pinpoint your location on the computer screen. With the cursor, you can operate most programs and use most files in the computer. Practice moving the mouse around to interact with the computer.
When you turn on a computer, it should boot into an operating system and present you with a view of the "desktop" displayed on the computer screen. Icons for the programs on your computer are visible on the desktop. The icons usually start in the upper left of the screen and are listed alphabetically. There is also usually a bar along the bottom of the screen called a task bar for performing certain functions.
One of the most important basic skills is how to click correctly using your mouse. PC mice have two buttons, right and left. The left one is used to act on something or move something, and the right button is used to open a menu with more information about things in your GUI. Try clicking on an icon on your desktop. If you left-click on it, it will select the icon; a right-click will make a menu appear. To open a program or file you will need to double-click with the left button. Double-clicking means clicking very quickly twice. Do this only to open programs or files. A single click will select files.
The other standard way to interact with your computer is with a keyboard. The letter layout is similar to that of a typewriter, but there are many more buttons. The most useful ones are the "backspace," "ctrl," space bar, and "shift" keys. The "backspace" key moves the cursor back one space when you are typing. The space bar creates a space. The "shift" key will make an uppercase letter if you hold it down while typing. The "ctrl" button is useful in many operational shortcuts.
One of the most popular things to do with a computer is go onto the Internet. Your computer may have this already set up, and if so there should be a browser installed. The three most popular browsers are Internet Explorer (IE), FireFox and Safari. There is probably an icon on your desktop for the browser. IE's icon looks like a blue cursive 'e', Firefox's is a blue globe encircled by a red fox, and Safari's looks like a compass. Double-click on the icon to open the browser. Near the top will be a long, white box called the location bar. This is where you type in the the address of a website. Then hit "enter" to navigate to the site.
Shortcuts make using computers much easier. Here are a couple.
When you have a file selected (it will light up or have a blue background), press the "ctrl" and the "c" key at the same time to make a copy of the file. When you want to put the copied material somewhere, press the "ctrl" button and the "v" key to paste the copy. This also works inside word processing programs to copy words or sentences.
In Windows, hit "ctrl," "alt" and "delete" at the same time to bring up a task manager, which will tell you what programs are running or which ones may be hung up and "not responding."
Dec 21, 2011 |