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Sewing very fine silk

I have difficulty getting the tension loose enough for the silk. I have patch pieces and find that the bottom thread seems to be tighter than the top. Should I be trying to sew the straight seems with paper to help with tension...trying to avoid that effort. I have loosened the bobbin thread and seem to have trouble loosening the top thread to feel the same as the bobbin. I would be grateful for any hints as to how to sew very fine silk. I am only doing straight sides so I am not working on the bias.


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You can try adjusting your stitch length this may solve the problem right away.
It could be the thread your using, I have had to switch threads before. Rewind your bobin, sometimes issues can occur by a poorly wound bobin.
You can also try to use a different foot (my machine comes with a satin stitch foot)and or slow the speed of your feed dog.
Sometimes a very fabric does need some sort of backing, a tear away, or wash away might be your only answer.
I hope this helped.

Posted on Jan 24, 2009

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1 Answer

How to thread the bobbin on a brother vx-810


The sewing on the bottom is loose because you don't have enough tension on the TOP thread. First, make absolutely sure you are threading the machine correctly. Next, while using 2 different colours of thread, tighten the top tension dial one number at a time and then checking the stitching, continue tightening the top tension until the sewing is even on the top and bottom of your cloth.

Apr 02, 2013 | Brother Sewing Machines

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Bobbin thread not sewing tight


try adjusting the top thread tension one number or letter higher
sewing on a scrap piece of fabric till the stitch looks normal.

Jan 17, 2013 | New Home 2014LE Mechanical Sewing Machine

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My singer HD 110 will sew a bit then suddenly the needle will slow down to a stop & the handwheel seems stuck, yet the motor is still running.


Hello there! Make sure your pattern selector is compatible with the presser foot. Good idea to test with a straight stitch setting: Tension: 4. Width:4-5. Length 5 after you insert a new needle and re-thread machine. Your previous needle may have become bent when machine malfunctioned. Use fabric compatible with needle size. Always raise presser foot when threading! Then always lower presser foot before sewing. Remember to use blue tip scarf needles with synthetic fabric silk thread 50. Purster thread 50, mercerized cotton thread 50-60; #11 or #9 for fine or lightweight fabric with silk thread 50 or fine Pollyester thread; #18 leather needle for leather, #14 - 16 denim . Jimmy Sweep out shuttle carefully with small brush for broken threads and lint.

Mar 31, 2012 | Singer Sewing Machines

1 Answer

I have a Kenmore sewing machine - 12 stitch model which I bought in the 70's. I am having a tension problem and can't seem to fix it. What is the normal setting for the top, and bottom?


Hello

Load your Kenmore sewing machine with the right thread and bobbin thread for your project. If you use the wrong weight thread for your fabric or severely uneven weights of thread, this can cause the appearance of a tension problem when it is, in fact, a thread weight problem or a problem with your sewing speed. If you go too fast, you will break the thread. If you go too slow, you can cause loops. Uneven pressure can cause stitches to vary greatly.

Test your Kenmore sewing machine's tension by sewing on a piece of scrap fabric. If your tension is way off, then test on some basic cotton or a firm blend simply to get your tension right. Do not try to start adjusting your tension on silk or leather. Get a base adjustment on a more standard fabric first.

Look at the top threads and bottoms threads. If the tension is off on one side, it will usually affect the other side slightly. So select the side that looks more maladjusted to start adjusting the tension.

If the top thread is too loose or too tight, you will need to adjust the tension dial. This dial is usually located a few inches above the needle on the Kenmore machine body. Usually, your machine will have markings to indicate which direction tightens the tension. If these have worn off over the years, watch the dial as you turn it. If it appears to move toward the machine body, then it is tightening.

If the bottom thread is too loose or too tight, then you will need to open the door to the bobbin case. On some Kenmore models, there is a little screw near the bobbin case that can be adjusted slightly to adjust the tension. On other Kenmore models, there is a screw on the bobbin case itself--not on the bobbin, but on the bobbin's casing. This will also adjust the bottom thread tension. Adjust the bobbin thread tension to make slight changes.

If the thread is looping severely on one side, the thread weights might be off. For instance, look to see if you have a lightweight thread on the bobbin and a heavyweight one on the top. If the thread keeps breaking, the top tension or bottom tension could be too tight or the thread is too lightweight for the material you have selected. Check your combination of threads and material. Also make sure you are using the right weight needle and the right foot for the sewing step or project you are working on.

If your Kenmore sewing machine's tension is off severely or if you have not used your Kenmore in a long time, then you might need to take your machine in to be serviced. Sometimes, the inner parts need to be oiled or the entire machine might need to be cleaned and calibrated by a professional. If you sew a great deal or if your machine sits idle a lot, both situations will usually require some servicing to keep your Kenmore sewing machine and its tension in perfect working condition.

Jul 11, 2011 | Kenmore 15358

1 Answer

I can't seem to get the tension right when sewing. The top tension looks okay however the bottom is loose


If the bottom looks loose then this is usually a problem with top threading so rethread the machine and check that the thread has gone through the tension discs. Lower the pressure foot and pull gently on the thread just before the needle and feel if it is under tension. Is the top tension device set to the middle number setting? usually 5? Unthread the top path, turn the dial to 0 and run the edge of a piece of fabric through the tension discs to clean them. Thread shreds particles of dye and fine thread pieces as you sew so this area needs cleaning regularly.

Also a good idea to check the bobbin thread is under tension correctly and that the bobbin is in the correct way. On my Janome the bobbin thread winds off so that the bobbin turns in an anti-clockwise direction. Mine has a clear bobbin cover with a threading image to remind me of this but check yours and the manual if you have it. Janome bobbins are same top and bottom, usually clear plastic so it is easy to get it wrong sometimes.

Check out www.sewing.about.com for some good general advice on sewing machine threading and maintenance, it pays to always clean and maintain your machine regularly, use good quality threads and change your needle for EVERY project, don't try and reuse them.

Of course, if you know all this and have tried it already, then perhaps the top tension device has actually failed, if turning the dial up higher makes no differerence at all, then could be mechanic time.

Mar 06, 2011 | Janome D'cor Excel 5018

1 Answer

Tension issues with the bobbn area


No, I have not had a consistent problem with this.

What looks like a bobbin issue could be a threading issue.

If a sewing machine is threaded with the presser foot down, the tension control does not capture the thread as it should. The top thread then cannot form a proper stitch with the bobbin thread.

If I forget to have the presser foot up when I thread, then I get loose stitching on top and loopy stitches on the bottom.

Mar 30, 2010 | Janome 659 Mechanical Sewing Machine

1 Answer

Kenmore Sewing Machine Drop-in Bobbin Tension Adjusting Problems


looped stitches are usually caused by improper tension. when the loop is on the upper side, it may be corrected by loosening the top tension or by tightening the lower tension (turn the tension screws on the bobbin a hair at a time)

since using the machine only a few times it is best to clean the machine from dust (can use a can of air) blow air into the bobbin area and between the tension disks and under the throat plate.

make sure the machine is threaded correctly and bobbin is evenly threaded

Aug 26, 2009 | Kenmore Sewing Machines

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Thread tension for regular seam sewing


oil the shaft for the presser bar and keep moving it up and down(it may take a while) until it moves freely. Always use Sewing machine oil Not 3N1 oil.
Tension:
If the thread is loose on the bottom of the fabric, it's actually the top thread is too loose. Think of 2 little elves playing tug of war in your machine, one on top and one underneath. If you have loops on bottom, the top needs to pull harder (tighten top tension). If you have loose thread on top your top tension is probably too tight and your bobbin thread too loose

Mar 23, 2009 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Loose stitch


Welcome to FixYa. I am the sewing machine expert that chose your issue to solve.

When everything seems to be working fine and an occasional stitch is loose.....now get ready.......here it is.......the needle!

It seems impossible, but the needle is the most neglected part of the machine. The one you are using could be slightly bent or have a slight burr that you won't see with the naked eye. Also, needles, especially in an embroidery machine (which work their buns off), are only good for about 8 hours of cumulative use. I would say that an embroidery needle should be retired after 3 or 4. They get dull like a razor blade which can cause enough drag to create a timing issue that's barely perceptible.
Welcome to FixYa! I am the sewing machine expert that chose to help you with your issue.

There are really only two things that can cause bottom (note: remember that problems with the bottom thread, almost always comes from the top and not the bobbin. Bobbins rarely need tension adjustments). These two things are:
  1. An area was missed when the machine was threaded (most machines have an arrow at each area on the thread path where the thread MUST run or the stitch on the bottom will be sloppy. Threading can be tricky and even the most experienced miss once in a while.
  2. The tension adjustment mechanism in the thread path. If the thread is not properly through this area, the thread on the bottom will be sloppy or if, threaded properly, and the tension is set too loose, the stitch will be sloppy. If the tension is set too tight, the bottom thread will be tight and pucker the fabric.
It is counter-intuitive that problems with the top tension cause problems with the bottom stitch but it sure will.

So try it and see if that helps.

Thanks for using FixYa.com

P.S. - If you find that the solution/answer I provided led you to, or resulted in a fix, please close the ticket with a FixYa! rating. I would be very grateful for your show of appreciation.
If it hasn’t, please do not assign a rating just yet. Please post back as to what steps you took, results, etc, and I will try to assist you further.



Jan 31, 2009 | Bernina Bernette 75

1 Answer

Euro-pro 464xc bottom tension loose


Welcome to FixYa!

Loose bottom stitches come from the top, not the bottom. Seems weird, but that's the way sewing machines work.

The dial tension should be set at the mid range and make absolutely sure that you have the machine threaded correctly. Both things will cause a sloppy bottom stitch.

Thanks!

If you find my solution helpful, I'd appreciate a FixYa rating....

Jan 15, 2009 | Kenmore 12102

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