Question about Kenmore 50522 / 50524 Side by Side Refrigerator

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I need to know how change 3-1 relay overload capacitor for my fridge, it have 2 power wires so i don't not were atached this two wires

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The two power wires go to the incoming power to the compressor, then there should be three other wires that go to the common/start/run terminals on your compressor.

Posted on Jan 23, 2009

  • Todd Born
    Todd Born Jan 23, 2009

    the two power wires go to the incoming power to the compressor, then there should be three other wires that go to the common/start/run terminals on your compressor.

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Replacing a relay and overload protector with a 3 n 1 hardstart


2 BLACK WIRES IS POWER. ONE GOES TO NEUTRAL, ANOTHER TO THE HOT WIRE(LINE) AND IT DOES NOT MATTER WICH YOU WILL HOOK UP AS LONG AS ONE OF THE BLACK WIRES HAS NEUTRAL, ANOTHER ONE POWER. AND BLACK IS GOING TO COMPRESSOR COMMON PIN, WHITE TO START PIN OF THE COMPRESSOR AND RED TO RUN. I HAD ON THIS REFRIGERATOR START AND RUN CAPACITORS, I ILLUMINATE THOSE - THEY CAN NOT BE IN THE CIRCUIT WITH 3 N 1 HARD START KIT. SOME COMPRESSOR HAVE THOSE CAPACITORS, SOME NOT. I DID NOT UNDERSTAND WHY THIS ONE HAD CAPACITORS IT WAS ONLY 1/3 HORSEPOWER. HOPE THIS HELP YOU.

Jan 01, 2014 | Kenmore Refrigerators

Tip

COMPRESSOR check outs semplified.


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Modern Compressors have two operations that have to work together just to run. More items must be considered for them to work and work efficiently in systems. The 2 areas that must work together are electrical and mechanical. Either your compressor is broken inside or the motor and or start components are not working properly.

Electrical
Ohm the compressor terminals to ground and across to each other.
1. If any read anything to ground the compressor is bad. If not go on to the next step.
2.Your readings between the compressor terminals should all be different and you should have 1 low 1 medium and 1 high resistance reading.
Add the low and mid reading together and the sum should be close to the highest reading. If it reads say 20% more or less then retest it a couple of times to confirm your not slipping on the terminals. If you get only 2 readings don’t panic wait 24 hours for the motor to cool off for sure and recheck it. If still no reading then your compressor motor is open. A new compressor or replacement of the appliance is required. If you now get the 3 readings described make a diagram you feel comfortable with as to where the wires go to each component before removing anything, then continue:
3 Assuming the above checks out: Get a new *Start relay *start capacitor if so equipped relay *external overload and *run capacitor if it has one. In other words everything that is external and attached to the wires or terminals on the compressor or wiring per your diagram and replace them on to the compressor. Then if it starts problem solved if it still does same thing the compressor is bad (broken mechanically inside the compressor) and you have to decide to replace compressor or replace the refrigerating compressor be it AC or Refrigeration.

*May or May NOT have this component:
*Start Relay:
MOST 99.999…% of refrigerators of the household type have a start relay of some kind and they vary in size shape and color. It plugs directly onto the compressor. SOME AC units but not all have one and it is different. These Resemble a box about 2”X2” X 3” with at least 3 terminals on it and these 3 terminals are marked 1, 2, & 5. Each of these will have at least 1 wire on them and there may be other terminals (4 & 6) as well that can be used with several wires on each.
* Start Capacitor
100% of AC and Commercial compressors that use a start relay (and remember some do not have one but those that do…) and only some domestic refrigerators use a Start Capacitor. At least 2 wires going to a black (usually) cylinder which is the start capacitor. Start Capacitors ALWAYS HAVE 2 or more Wires and ALWAYS HAVE TO HAVE A START RELAY.
*External Overload
MOST 99.9% of Household refrigerators, 80%+ of smaller commercial refrigerators, and most 90% of window unit AC’s but almost no central AC compressors Have an external overload. Those that do not have an internal overload. These vary in size and color and description a basic one is round 2 wires and generally black about quarter size USA AND IF USED ALWAYS MOUNTED ON THE COMPRESSOR with the other wires and terminals there.
*Run Capacitor
Some domestic refrigerators (can be a small rectangular box) medium and larger refrigeration and (99.999%... of all) AC central and Window units have a compressor that requires a run capacitor. These type units also have a fan motor that can require a run capacitor. These Capacitors always have at least 2 wires and often 3 or more if the capacitor also is wired to the fan motor.
.
If a compressor is tight due to linear expansion from heat a tip worth remembering is as something cools it contracts, except for water at freezing. A few times I have gotten a compressor to start after leaving it off for 6 to 12 hours then retrying it. See the compressor unless left off for 6 to 12 hours and sometimes as long as 24 hours may have expanded parts from heat. About 1/2 the time it is ok after new start components are installed with a start capacitor and relay. The other 1/2 the compressor will be ok for a day or 2 then stop again. A “hard spot” in the movement of the internal parts in the compressor, and stopping on this hard spot it can’t overcome the “tightness”.

If you follow most of these steps above you will arrive at a correct diagnosis well over 90% of the time ( allowing for what is unusual or for misunderstandings)

30 years of doing refrigeration and this has not changed..
Please rate me as high as you can and ask me to clarify anything you don’t understand.

on Apr 15, 2009 | Carrier 38BRC036 Air Conditioner

1 Answer

Not sure how to wire Supco RO41 Relay/Overload Combo to Maytag side by side Fridge MSD2454GRW. It's a universal part, so it's different than the manufacturer's part, but I just want to see if...


while i loath those RO41 because your compressor will be dead SOON. The 2 black wires connect to the wires were connected to the wiring on FACTORY RELAY AND OVERLOAD WHICH WAS ORIGINALLY CONNECTED TO WHERE THE RED/WHITE/AND BLACK WIRES WITH THE TERMINALS NOW ARE.

my advice though is throw that thing in the trash and get factory OEM relay and overload

Aug 17, 2011 | Refrigerators

1 Answer

Compressor kicks on for about a min then shuts down overload trips out


The Main reasons that this will happen
1 - A bad run capacitor (silver or metal capacitor)
It’s either shorted, grounded or open.
If it’s shorted a lot of times it will bulge out, (sometimes slightly)
2 - A bad start kit ( plastic capacitor and Relay connected to it )
The capacitor is either shorted or open
The relay either has an open coil between terminals #1 and #5
Or the relay is stuck.
Any time you change the capacitor or relay you should change
the other, especially if they are over a year old.
3 - A loose, burnt or disconnected wire
4 - Wired wrong
5 Compressor is open (windings burnt open)
6 Low on charge not getting enough cooling back to compressor, (Feel top of compressor to see if it’s hot it shouldn‘t be)
7 Some compressors have a black plastic overload under the compressor cap which could be bad.

Jul 29, 2009 | LG LHD45EL Dehumidifier

2 Answers

Fride not cooling on eather side..


I believe your start relay and capacitor need replaced or the compressor is defective. Don't allow it to continue to try to start until we can find the problem. Let me know, Sea Breeze

Apr 23, 2009 | Maytag MZD2766GES Side by Side...

1 Answer

I NED TO CONECT 3-1 RELAY OVERLOAD CAPACITOR IN MI FRIDGE


first take all the relays and capacitor off of compressor , then attach black wire with terminal on "C" terminal post usually top terminal, white wire with terminal goes on "S" terminal post on compressor, red wire with terminal goes on "R" terminal post on compressor. then take the two black wires one connects to white neutral wire and the other connects to the black power wire if tis fridge has a condensor fan then you will also need to connect it two the two black wires also thanks hope this helps

Jan 23, 2009 | Kenmore 50522 / 50524 Side by Side...

1 Answer

Whirlpool fridge not cooling gone warm air blowing


more than likely the compressor is not starting, it has a starting device on the left side of the compressor which has a relay/overload called a relay, remove the relay and shake it , if it rattles it has gone bad. the relay/overload combination has gone bad and can be replaced with pro41 relay. if the compressor has a run capacitor just eliminate the capacitor when replacing with new relay. connection of the two wires makes no difference.

Jan 16, 2009 | Whirlpool GS6NBEXR Side by Side...

1 Answer

Stopped cooling -fisher and paykel fridge


ok you say the compressor sounds right?? there's probably a defective relay overload / start cap combination defective. if you go behind the the fridge and remove a small cover you will see the compressor with power disconnected look for frayed or burnt wires take the compressor cover off and you will see the wires just follow the 3 wires. you can buy a replacement relay/overload capacitor combination all you have to do is wire it any additional questions you can e-mail me at hvac.tech7872pr@gmail.com

have a nice day

May 08, 2008 | Freezers

1 Answer

No cold in fridge or freezer: buzzing compressor


There is no start motor. If the brand of the compressor is a tecumpseh then it is most likely the problem and has a 5 yr warranty from the date of purchase. If it is an Embraco compressor I would try and overload and relay. They are all in one part sometimes called a start device.

Sep 24, 2007 | Amana ARB2217C Bottom Freezer Refrigerator

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