There are two possible ways to go about transferring your photos from a digital camera onto your computer. Please note that the given solutions both assume you are running Microsoft Windows XP or newer as the steps may be slightly different on a Macintosh or earlier versions of Windows.
Option 1: USB Transfer Cable. Most digital cameras come packaged with a cable that has a standard USB jack on one end, and a smaller plug on the other end. Locate the appropriate hole on your camera that the smaller plug (Micro-usb) will fit into. There is a decent chance this hole will be covered by a silicone or rubber flap, so that should help you find it. Plug the full size USB plug into your computer and a pop-up should appear on your screen asking you what you want to do with the new storage device. Scroll to the last option "Open a folder to view the files" and double-click. From there, simply copy and paste photos to the desired directory on your computer.
Please note: If you do not receive the pop-up, simply navigate to My Computer, and look for a device that is not your hard drive (Typically C:\) or your CD\DVD drive (Typically D:\) and double click to open it up. The pictures should be located in a folder named DCIM, but it varies by manufacturer so you may have to check a few folders to find them.
Option 2: Memory Card Reader. Alternatively, if your computer has a memory card reader you can simply remove the memory card from the camera and plug it into an appropriate slot in the card reader. Most memory cards are located right next to the battery storage on modern cameras. Pictures of typical card readers for a desktop (fig. 1) and laptop (fig. 2) are provided below. Once the memory card has been inserted, you should see a pop-up asking what you want to do with the new storage device. Scroll to the last option "Open a folder to view the files" and double-click. From there, simply copy and paste photos to the desired directory on your computer.