The pressure foot on the Diva does not come down firmly to hold the fabric. It comes down very slowly . The machine stitches perfectly if I hold the pressure foot down. My husband thinks it could bee a worn spring. If this is the problem, could you please advise what sort of spring it is, and how do we replace it. Thank you, Kaye
Make sure your presser foot is in the lower position. Open the door on the left and it has 3 settings. You may have moved it up for sewing something thick, and forgotten to lower it again. Sometimes things are simple, though your problem could be mechanical.
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Re: pressure foot on Elna Diva
You need to oil up by where the needle bar comes out of the top of the machine. Up on top there is a nut you tighten that goes around the needle bar this the way you adjust the pressure but the main problem with sewing machines is no one ever oils them and without oil it won't live God Bless Greg
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Are the feed dogs actually raising, moving, and dropping (raise the presser foot and hand-rotate the handwheel and watch how the feed dogs are moving)? If not, check to see if the stitch length is set well above the zero (which means it sews in place)? Perhaps the presser foot pressure is set too firm and is preventing the fabric from moving under the foot.
Generally, the lighter the fabric weight, the heavier the presser foot pressure. Yes, feed dogs do wear with use. Do not run the machine without fabric between the presser foot and the feed dogs--the feed dogs constantly rubbing against the presser foot will quickly wear the feed dog points. Store the machine with the presser foot down with a pad between the presser foot and feed dogs (even a scrap piece of fabric will do). Also, be sure to clean the feed dogs of any gunky build-up. If the feed dog points are worn, it may be worthwhile to have them replaced.
thread looping on the underside is a symptom of no tension on the top thread so you need to look at the top threading path and the tension dial, is it set to 5? and is the thread pulled fully into the tension disc? Also always thread the top thread with the presser foot raised as this opens up the tension discs so the thread can bed in correctly. If you can see the feed dogs rising up and down above the needle plate during their cycle then they should be gripping and moving the fabric forward. Is there presser foot coming down firmly onto the fabric when you release the presser foot bar? This part does have a big spring inside which applies pressure downwards, maybe this is what the mechanic meant was broken. Was he a sewing machine technician? Maybe try to locate an old school Elna technician, start with www.elna.com and go to your country, then search for a local dealer.
Feed dog lever should lower the feed dogs, these are the teeth that grip and move the fabric foward and backwards as the needle goes up and down, they are under the needle plate.
Only time you would lower the feed dogs is if you want to do free motion embroidery or darning perhaps.
So no, don't touch for normal seam stitching. If you are sewing very heavy fabric you may want to lessen the pressure on the presser foot a little (if your machine has this adjustment it will be a knob on top of the head above the pressure foot area).
You may find that your machine doesn't really like very thick fabrics. Sewing something like upholstery weight with a domestic machine is pretty ambitious; an industrial strength machine is best bet.
I'm assuming that this is a generic style walking foot for low shank machines and it will fit your Elna?
To attach it, you will see a long lever arm at the front of the foot and the little curved bracket at the back of the foot.
Remove your usual foot and the clip on foot holder by undoing the thumb screw. Now fit the walking foot on instead by putting the lever arm around the needle bar and the curved bracket around the pressure bar and then putting the thumb screw back into place and screw up tight to hold the foot in place. Now lower the pressure foot and manually wind your machine forward a few stitches. As the needle bar goes up and down, it should move the long lever arm too which works the walking foot teeth gripping the top layer of fabric with each stitch.
If your SU is an Air Electronic model i.e. 80's model, Elna didn't make a walking foot to fit. However, if you've got a walking foot that is the same height from sole plate to the screw fitting as a standard Elna foot then you could give it a try. The walking foot connects to the presser bar with a screw but the needle bar also needs to hook into a secondary lever on the side of the walking foot to make the foot actually move. Probably sounds very confusing . Check the movement of the foot manually by hand turning the fly wheel to see how it works before you actually use with the motor to minimise any problems if the foot doesn't fit.
Also you'll probably only be able to do straight stitch with this foot due to the clearance around the needle plate.