Question about Sewing Machines
Needle thread seems to be catching in the racing unit of the bobbin area
That sounds like an operator error. Get into the habit of grasping both threads and holding them as you start the seam.
Posted on Dec 12, 2012
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
SOURCE: Bottom thread will not catch
Unplug the machine and remove the needle plate so that the bobbin case if fully exposed. Lift out the bobbin case and the cup that it sets in will be visible. Locate the "hook" on this cup. It is a finger with a sharp point at the upper edge of the cup. The hook is what grabs the thread from the needle while sewing.
If the hook catches the thread from the needle, put everything back together and try threading again.
Posted on Nov 14, 2007
sounds like your keeping the upper thread too tight when you drop your needle down to catch the bobbin or the bobbin thread that you left hang out is too short, let me know if it works amy
Posted on Sep 04, 2008
SOURCE: bobbin thread not catching
Whenever you see loops on the underside of the fabric something is snagging the thread. the biggest culprit is burrs on the hook. the hook is what goes round and around the bobbin. The reason for burrs on the tip of the hook areseveral
ONE ...is by helping the fabric through as the machine is doing the sewing which directs the needle too close to the hook thus scarring the smooth surface of the hook and potentially breaking it off and the needle too. You must allow the machine do it on its own and only guide the material.
TWO...Sometimes if you are sewing s-t-r-e-t-c-h-y double knit material the material calls for a ball point needle. I have gotten good results with the Singer brand YELLOW BAND needle.
Three ... The hook could have gotten out of timing. What this means is that the hook is not meeting the needle on the top edge of the eye of the needle. You yourself can check this out by removing the bobbin (or shuttle, cassette). Install the needle flat side to flat side of the mounting rod and all the way up. By slowly turning the handwheel on the right slowly and watching that the eye of the needle is just below the hook on the upward swing of the needle and that they both meet dead center. This when you need to take it in to a repairman. FrankIy I don't like to advise this because of unscruppulous practices. My boss used to call me a virgin Mary because I wouldn't ripp-off the customers. Anyway at this time you can also check the condition of the hook carefully looking for nicks and scratches on or around the tip of the hook. If there is damage present you can file this down with a very fine emory board or by using a strip of 400 to 600 grit sandpaper as if your were buffing a shoe. If the hook is removeable by unsnapping the snaps on either side its easier to buff. Anything courser may contibute to the problem. If the paper won't remove the damage you may need a whole new hook. If its not removeable you will have to take it in to have it installed.They have to time it properly.
Four...The two disk that you mentioned also has a spring. That sping is there to pull up those loops. If the disks are full of lint from the thread going through. the clups of lint won't allow the discs to apply tension on the thread and thereby having tightened the tension so much that that spring is not working properly.You can clean the discs by raising the foot which opens the discs. With a long narrow pick pull out all that lint without scatching the discs. Check closely that the the thread goes across the top of the machine down through the discs pull up snug so the spring engages,through the take up arm,in the two thead guides, then into the needle front to back or right to left, if it is a side loading bobbin. Now the tension will work properly!
TESTING : Move the TENSION dial to mid point of the dial usually 5. This is your starting point.
With two layers of fabric ( not stretchy) and with a regular needle, set stitch length at about 12 per inch on the dial. Now sew about six inches. Raise the fabric and look at the results. Do minor adjustments necessary on your tension dial up 6...7.. if loose on the bottom 4...3..2 if loose on top.
If you did all the steps above those are the steps a repairman performs and charges $75 except me I used to charge $10 .
Brother machines are good quality it is those hidden gremlins that make a fun hobby frustrating when you don't have someone to turn to without having to shell out cash! Its been a pleasure!
Posted on Nov 07, 2008
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Do you have a manual for this machine? You need to follow the cleaning instructions and remove the needle plate, and clean under the bobbin holder. I've attached an image from my Janoma 6500 manual, it looks very similar to this Elna so I'm thinking its the same design bobbin and race. There may be a little triangular shaped tool in your kit but any short flat blade screwdriver will remove the two setscrews. (always good idea to unscrew off the pressure foot and take out the needle first so you've got room).
PLEASE NOTE: If you've never pulled this bobbin area apart before, good idea to snap pics with your digital camera as you go to refer to and for reference next time!!
This uncovers the bobbin holder area, you'll see there is a black plastic holder which your bobbin goes into which has the tension device on the side and this then sits inside an outer metal casing which is the hook race. The bobbin holder is held there by a magnet underneath it and sits up against another little stopper. Look at the bobbin case and the stopper, there should be two red marks that must line up. Are they???
If the answer is no, then you need to remove the bobbin case, clean out any lint and fluff using your little brush that came with the machine, and you may also have pieces of thread caught in here too. Once clean, place the bobbin case back into the outer surround, under the other piece and lining up the two red marks. This is where photos are so helpful.
Now replace the needle plate and screws, pressure foot, pop in a new needle and thread everything up again.
If the thread continues to catch then you may have managed to damage the bobbin case; as they are plastic if they move out of position the needle can catch and burr or pierce them. If this has happened you could try to smooth out the burring with an emery board or similar. Or you may need to replace it if damaged badly. I've changed mine twice so far because I've pierced it with the needle several times.
I hope that this helps you out, good luck with your machine.
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