Whne mixing thru the Master Room and buring CDs on my Roland 2400 CD, I can't seem to produce a CD with a volume range near that of standard CDs. Is there a way to set the "output" volume as it relates to the CD, no only the final mix?
There are a couple of places to look; I'll assume you have a decent input level near -12db average without peaking. First, ensure during playback upper right meter labled MST is near peak without going over, if you have room push the master level above 0db to +1 thru +6db and recheck for peaks above 0db. (You never want digital recordings to hit above peaks, you lose quality or resolution of the sound)
As you find the sweet spot, master rec to 23/24-16 using the elevated level on the master fader. The manual suggest editing and mastering with the master fader at 0db however if you don't compress your tracks individually or reprint them at higher levels, you may have a great mix at an overall lower volume, pushing the master fader should help for a quick fix, but if this cures the level issue, try compressing and leveling each track to peaks prior to the first mix only lowering tracks which are too loud, when you get to mastering, all your signals are at their top potential for the CD.
Spend a few minutes burning samples at low, just below peak, and just above peak levels on separate tracks and playback in your boombox for reference to a commercial CD. You'll find little to no difference when you are in the sweet spot.
Another trick is to mixdown to a separate pair of tracks (not 23/24-16) and compress again during master mixdown rec. (ultimately 23/24-16)
Jeremy Yates, Radio World LLC.
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There is probably both a global volume and individual program violume as well. One or both may have reset to a lower level and need to be turned up. It's also possible that the general output has a setting for line level or instrument level, which may be software controlled. Take a look through your manual to find these settings and adjust to suit.If all else fails, contact Roland Customer Service at this link for help. Roland Company Contact Us Contact Us
Hi, I can help you with your question. On the face of the effects, towards the right side, there are three settings that can be adjusted: DRIVE, TONE and VOLUME. The VOLUME knob is your master volume. The expression pedal can adjust volume, but it's output volume is controlled by the master VOLUME knob we just identified. I hope this has helped you, and if it has, could you please click on the "helpful" button ? Thank you!
I don't think there is anything wrong, it has a very low line level output intentionally. This is to minimize distortion to an amp or mixer. Mine is the same and also a different brand. It is actually made so you could play it through a stereo without damaging it.
This probably is not a DIY repair... The audio comes out of the CODEC and is buffered by Op Amp used as filters and then goes through the volume controls, After that it goes to the jack board with buffer OP amps. First thoughts might be a damaged volume control, however, the "B" outputs don't go through volume controls...
About the only thing I would think you could do is to CAREFULLY open the unit and look for a loose cable involved with sending the audio to the volume control panel and then the cable that takes the audio to the jack board...
More than that you would probably need to take it to a shop equiped to troubleshoot.
Phantom power should only be used with a condenser/ribbon mic. If you're using a dynamic mic (like the one in the photo) you don't need phantom power. Also I run my mics and instruments through a mixer, then into the unit. Also if you're mixing your masters at a low volume, the CD will play at a lower volume. Try mastering at as high a volume as possible, avoid clipping of course. But get it as loud as possible while mastering. Then the master copy should be louder. I have a DP02 and found out it needs decent monitors to mix and master. That's all I've got.
There's not really any magic fix to this as far as I'm aware. I usually don't burn CD's from my Tascam directly, but export the mix to the PC and do final touches and burn from there. I don't typically normalize though and the levels are what has come out of the Tascam. I do however use compression on many of the tracks (and sometimes on the whole mix) before exporting which will squash the peaks and lows together and thus give you an overall higher volume with your level meters peaking in the normal place you're used to.
There are other factors like EQ without which a mix can sound too loud and perhaps cause you to lower the levels when really things in the mix just need to be allowed to sit in different EQ bands.
Compression is the key though. Unfortunately even well recorded instruments and vocals naturally contain wide fluxuation in terms of lows and highs and these need to be smoothed out in order to obtain anywhere near the volume of a commercial CD. With compression alone the result may still fall short as the use of pro quality mastering effects can really make a world of difference to overall percieved volume as well.
This is a pretty common complaint and not unique to the 2488. The basic idea is that commercial CDs get their superior volume levels through the use of lots of compression which occurs throughout the mixing and mastering process. There are lots of schools of thought on how and when to apply compression during the production of recordings and the only real way to learn is to read up on compression and then to experiment.
Having said that, volume can also be increased by normalizing but many people don't consider that to be a completely legitimate way to increase dynamics and it does require working with wav files on a PC as opposed to the 2488.
I use a combination of external compressors, software applications, and the 2488 onboard compression effects when mixing/mastering (but mostly ouboard compressors). I usually don't burn CDs from the 2488 and choose to instead tweak the final mixes from the 2488 on my PC using various programs which gives me better control over various parameters (such as applying normalization to all tracks at once).
So the short answer is that there a lots of different ways to get there but basically when the dynamic range or your recorded material is large, the main volume of a track is going to sound lower because the parts with the highest levels (peaks) are going to need to fit in the -0 db area in order not to clip. When compression is applied the dynamic range is squashed down so that the peaks are brought more in line with the audio level which makes up the main portion of the track (in the middle of the dynamic range). This then allows the overall levels to be brought up higher without the peaks clipping. This is called downward compression.
Compressors can also be used to bring up the levels of low volume sounds without affecting the middle and higher level audio. This is called upward compression and also compresses the dynamic range in order to raise the volume of lower levels audio. This is called upward compression.
So when compressing and then boosting the main levels, the noise floor can come up with it. That is why gating is also commonly used along with compression and most outboard compressors are gates as well.
Nothing really specific other than to make sure you are recording as close to 0 db as possible without going over. Your master fader also needs to be set at 0db or above as this effects the volume when mastering.
Commercial CDs use a lot of compression to attain volume levels which aren't attainable without it. You should however be able to reproduce onto CD the volume levels you are hearing on your Tascam without resorting to compression.
To troubleshoot, you might want to try exporting your master tracks as wav files onto your computer via usb and then listening to them there. If the volume is low there you aren't creating master tracks with good volume (see above: master fader level), if the tracks sound good as wavs on your PC, then burn them onto a cd from there. If that CD has proper volume then you may have some problem with your Tascam CD burner although I've never seen a situation where a burner actually caused low volume like this.