Hi, I have a Tascam DP-02FX/CD that I'm using to record music as well as sermons in church. Sometimes the sermons may be 30, 45, 60 min. When I am burining them to CD, I guess I have to finalize it before I can play it on other audio CD players. My question is: Does every sermon have to be mastered before you can burn it directly to CD? And if this is the case, does it take the same lenght of time to master the recording as the originally recording time? For example , if the sermon was 60 min, does it take 60 min to master it and another 45-60min to burn it. Is there any type of way the mastering time and the burning time could be faster or speeded up. Please let me know what my options are.
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Re: Timing of Mastering and burning final copy to CD
I don't use my Tascam to create CDs for exactly the reasons you are asking about. I do a bounce mix to a couple of tracks and then export via usb to a PC for finalizing and CD creation there.
To answer your questions, you do always need to create a master first for each sermon on the DP-02 before you can burn it to a CD. You also have to finalize the CD to play it on other players.
Mastering as well occurs in real time, so it does take 60 minutes to create a master for a 60 minute recording.
As I don't burn from my Tascam, I didn't realize the burn time was so long though. I would have expected that to be faster for sure. I know my old 2488 MkI is supposed to burn at 4x and I believe the MkII burns at 8x. The DP-02 is newer than both and I would assume it would burn even faster.
Anyway, as I said you might wish to go the PC route. That way you can export the tracks without having to master them and burn them from the PC to CD at up to 40x (depending on the speed of your PC's burner).
Re: Timing of Mastering and burning final copy to CD
You must master every recording to burn to cd. That's one of the things with digital recording. Yes the mastering takes as long as the recording does. On the newer dp03 it has a faster mastering, but you have to get the mix set. Yes mastering takes as long as the recording. When you're burning your master disc, it burns the master slowly, so for a sermon or recording of 1hr it will take, almost 45 minutes or more to burn the master. That's the nature of things. You want to listen to the whole thing while mastering in case there are any volume discrepancies, you can increase/decrease volume as needed, so you have a more uniform recording. Masters are burnt slowly to insure they give you a quality master cd. (Always make two master discs, just in case)
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You can download a manual from the tascam site for this model. as long as you pre-named your songs, they should show in the menu without mastering. You cannot burn any songs without mastering your songs first, however. They will not appear in the create cd section for this very reason. Record, master,burn.
If you want to burn a CD you have to make a master. For 2 cd's you have to make 2 masters, one for each recording.
The best way to handle this is to "create a song" for each speech giver and give each a name.This is because you can make only one master copy of a song before burning a Cd.
But another way is to :
1. Make a master of the first speech giver (who is on one track) and record to the Cd.
2. Make a new master of the second speech giver (on the other track) and record to Cd.
As long as you don't mind, the second mastering will overwrite the first one that you did, but then you already have burned a copy of that Cd!
Phantom power should only be used with a condenser/ribbon mic. If you're using a dynamic mic (like the one in the photo) you don't need phantom power. Also I run my mics and instruments through a mixer, then into the unit. Also if you're mixing your masters at a low volume, the CD will play at a lower volume. Try mastering at as high a volume as possible, avoid clipping of course. But get it as loud as possible while mastering. Then the master copy should be louder. I have a DP02 and found out it needs decent monitors to mix and master. That's all I've got.
There's not really any magic fix to this as far as I'm aware. I usually don't burn CD's from my Tascam directly, but export the mix to the PC and do final touches and burn from there. I don't typically normalize though and the levels are what has come out of the Tascam. I do however use compression on many of the tracks (and sometimes on the whole mix) before exporting which will squash the peaks and lows together and thus give you an overall higher volume with your level meters peaking in the normal place you're used to.
There are other factors like EQ without which a mix can sound too loud and perhaps cause you to lower the levels when really things in the mix just need to be allowed to sit in different EQ bands.
Compression is the key though. Unfortunately even well recorded instruments and vocals naturally contain wide fluxuation in terms of lows and highs and these need to be smoothed out in order to obtain anywhere near the volume of a commercial CD. With compression alone the result may still fall short as the use of pro quality mastering effects can really make a world of difference to overall percieved volume as well.
Unfortunately it's pretty much impossible to get a recording to sound like anything produced commercially these days without using lots of compression. Your burned CD problems might be the result of a faulty burner on your DP01-FX/CD. I have a 2488 and I still export all my mastered songs as wav files and burn them onto disc using my PC just because of the flexibility on the PC and you can control settings better which can cause disc burning problems (not to mention that the burner is newer and faster on my PC).
If you don't want to work on a PC you could look into replacing the burner in your Tascam. It is similar to replacing a PC's burner and the either the Tascam site and/or the Tascam Forum should be able to provide you with the specs and a list of compatible CD burners.
To get the final product to sound louder you could invest in an external compressor (a good used one should run you less than $100). You'll have to use the DP01's send loops to route a bounce of the stereo mix out to the compressor and then route the result back into the DP01 inputs and record on a couple of free tracks.
This answer assumes you have the 2488 mkI and not the newer mkII because the process may differ slightly on the mkII.
To premaster you first have to set an out point for the end of your pre-master (the start point is always zero). Go to the 'Audio CD' menu item and choose 'pre-master' under that. You'll see the word 'mastering' appear in the top left of the screen to let you know you've entered mastering mode. Make sure you have the tracks unmuted that you want to mix into the pre-master and have all of your eq, panning, etc set the way you want. Then hit record and play. The pre-master records to a stereo pair of dedicated internal tracks. You can redo the premaster as many times as you like which will overwrite those internal premaster tracks. You can clone the premastered tracks to a stereo pair of tracks, export them as waves or burn them to a CDR.
fnawesomewes - You have to press record and play to record your premaster.