Hi, I have a Tascam DP-02FX/CD that I'm using to record music as well as sermons in church. Sometimes the sermons may be 30, 45, 60 min. When I am burining them to CD, I guess I have to finalize it before I can play it on other audio CD players. My question is: Does every sermon have to be mastered before you can burn it directly to CD? And if this is the case, does it take the same lenght of time to master the recording as the originally recording time? For example , if the sermon was 60 min, does it take 60 min to master it and another 45-60min to burn it. Is there any type of way the mastering time and the burning time could be faster or speeded up. Please let me know what my options are.
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Re: Timing of Mastering and burning final copy to CD
I don't use my Tascam to create CDs for exactly the reasons you are asking about. I do a bounce mix to a couple of tracks and then export via usb to a PC for finalizing and CD creation there.
To answer your questions, you do always need to create a master first for each sermon on the DP-02 before you can burn it to a CD. You also have to finalize the CD to play it on other players.
Mastering as well occurs in real time, so it does take 60 minutes to create a master for a 60 minute recording.
As I don't burn from my Tascam, I didn't realize the burn time was so long though. I would have expected that to be faster for sure. I know my old 2488 MkI is supposed to burn at 4x and I believe the MkII burns at 8x. The DP-02 is newer than both and I would assume it would burn even faster.
Anyway, as I said you might wish to go the PC route. That way you can export the tracks without having to master them and burn them from the PC to CD at up to 40x (depending on the speed of your PC's burner).
Re: Timing of Mastering and burning final copy to CD
You must master every recording to burn to cd. That's one of the things with digital recording. Yes the mastering takes as long as the recording does. On the newer dp03 it has a faster mastering, but you have to get the mix set. Yes mastering takes as long as the recording. When you're burning your master disc, it burns the master slowly, so for a sermon or recording of 1hr it will take, almost 45 minutes or more to burn the master. That's the nature of things. You want to listen to the whole thing while mastering in case there are any volume discrepancies, you can increase/decrease volume as needed, so you have a more uniform recording. Masters are burnt slowly to insure they give you a quality master cd. (Always make two master discs, just in case)
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Phantom power should only be used with a condenser/ribbon mic. If you're using a dynamic mic (like the one in the photo) you don't need phantom power. Also I run my mics and instruments through a mixer, then into the unit. Also if you're mixing your masters at a low volume, the CD will play at a lower volume. Try mastering at as high a volume as possible, avoid clipping of course. But get it as loud as possible while mastering. Then the master copy should be louder. I have a DP02 and found out it needs decent monitors to mix and master. That's all I've got.
There's not really any magic fix to this as far as I'm aware. I usually don't burn CD's from my Tascam directly, but export the mix to the PC and do final touches and burn from there. I don't typically normalize though and the levels are what has come out of the Tascam. I do however use compression on many of the tracks (and sometimes on the whole mix) before exporting which will squash the peaks and lows together and thus give you an overall higher volume with your level meters peaking in the normal place you're used to.
There are other factors like EQ without which a mix can sound too loud and perhaps cause you to lower the levels when really things in the mix just need to be allowed to sit in different EQ bands.
Compression is the key though. Unfortunately even well recorded instruments and vocals naturally contain wide fluxuation in terms of lows and highs and these need to be smoothed out in order to obtain anywhere near the volume of a commercial CD. With compression alone the result may still fall short as the use of pro quality mastering effects can really make a world of difference to overall percieved volume as well.
You need to create a master first before you can burn it to a CD.
To create a master you'll need to set an 'OUT' point, then enter mastering mode (by pressing the master key so that it flashes) and then record your master by holding record and pressing play. The master recording stops automatically when it reaches the out point (the in point is always zero). The steps for creating a master are outlined on page 27 of the manual. Setting the in and out points can be found on page 30 and burning the master to CD is on page 67.
You cannot rip a CD directly into the DP-02 using the unit's CD drive.
Your choices for doing what you want are:
1.) Rip the CD into .wav files onto your PC using ripper of your choice. Then you'll have to edit the resulting .wav file using a program like 'Audacity' (which is a free one) and convert the stereo wav files into 2 mono wav files. You'll have to save the mono files with dos 8.3 filenames and then import them into the DP02 using the instructions for importing wav files in the manual. To preserve the stereo, import each mono wav file to a separate adjacent track on the DP02 and then pan one left and one right.
2.) You could play the CD on a stereo and connect the stereo outs to the two inputs on the DP02 to record the CD track. You'll need patch cords which are RCA (mini phono 1/8" jack) to regular phono (1/4") to do this.
Unfortunately it's pretty much impossible to get a recording to sound like anything produced commercially these days without using lots of compression. Your burned CD problems might be the result of a faulty burner on your DP01-FX/CD. I have a 2488 and I still export all my mastered songs as wav files and burn them onto disc using my PC just because of the flexibility on the PC and you can control settings better which can cause disc burning problems (not to mention that the burner is newer and faster on my PC).
If you don't want to work on a PC you could look into replacing the burner in your Tascam. It is similar to replacing a PC's burner and the either the Tascam site and/or the Tascam Forum should be able to provide you with the specs and a list of compatible CD burners.
To get the final product to sound louder you could invest in an external compressor (a good used one should run you less than $100). You'll have to use the DP01's send loops to route a bounce of the stereo mix out to the compressor and then route the result back into the DP01 inputs and record on a couple of free tracks.
No CD comes with the DP-01. The Tascam relys on your computers USB drivers to work.
You should probably try the DP-01 on someones else's computer first to se if it works there.
This is usually some kind of incompatiblity between the usb cable or the use hub and the usb speed (1.1 or 2.0). I would try bypassing any usb hub you might have in use first. If that doesn't work you might want to try another usb cable.
nslo, tell him to try replacing the power supply first, power supplys burn up ALL the time, as long as the plug fits and it has a rating of equal or greater amperage, same voltage, equal to or greater watts then it will work.
Those variable voltage multi plug ones they sell at k-mart work but I've never had one that lasted long.
Nothing really specific other than to make sure you are recording as close to 0 db as possible without going over. Your master fader also needs to be set at 0db or above as this effects the volume when mastering.
Commercial CDs use a lot of compression to attain volume levels which aren't attainable without it. You should however be able to reproduce onto CD the volume levels you are hearing on your Tascam without resorting to compression.
To troubleshoot, you might want to try exporting your master tracks as wav files onto your computer via usb and then listening to them there. If the volume is low there you aren't creating master tracks with good volume (see above: master fader level), if the tracks sound good as wavs on your PC, then burn them onto a cd from there. If that CD has proper volume then you may have some problem with your Tascam CD burner although I've never seen a situation where a burner actually caused low volume like this.