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Thread tension problem

Can't balance the tension of the three thread spools----help!

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  • Sewing Machines Master
  • 1,564 Answers

Got a serger huh? First put 3 different colors on the spool holders. Then play with tensions so you understand which thread does what.

It's trial and error. Good luck.

Posted on Nov 06, 2012

  • 1 more comment 
  • lbtaylor44
    lbtaylor44 Nov 08, 2012

    No solution but thanks anyway.

  • sylviaivie Nov 08, 2012

    Sergers take a lot of time learning how to use. There is no quick answer. You have to be willing to go through the trial and error process. Otherwise just sell the serger and move on.

  • lbtaylor44
    lbtaylor44 Nov 08, 2012

    Yes, thank you!

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Mimito7
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SOURCE: cannot get tension balance correct

Try this. reomove thread and bobbin from machine.. Set thread tension to the middle number. Rethread machine carefully making sure the thread is thru the tension wheel. Replace bobbin making sure that thread is thru it's tensioner.
Rule of thumb. Loops on the bottom, problem is on the top. Loops on the top, problem is with the bobbin.

Posted on Apr 20, 2009

  • 1 Answer

SOURCE: Can't balance top/bottom thread tension-model

I disassembled the top thread tension controller consisting of 12-13 pieces, including 2 springs. Since they all fell out on the table I spent about 2 hours learning the proper stacking order on the central shaft.
With a combination of reasoning based on each unique piece shape and trial and error I put it back together, adjusted top and bottom tensions according to the instruction booklet for the machine, tested some stitching, made final adjustments and all worked well.
I don't know what was changed in the process but it worked.
Don

Posted on Sep 04, 2009

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My top thread frays and then breaks while I am quilting with my 1600p dbx.


change to a new needle
check to make sure thread has no knots or even change the thread spool
check the top thread tension it sound like it's to tight
check the needle plate for burrs
check around the tension knob for loose pieces of thread or lint
use a can of air that you'd use on a computer keyboard on the tension knob & if you don't have the can of air use unwaxed dental floss but make sure to write down the setting it was on before cleaning.
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The top thread continues to break once I begin sewing. I have done all the recommended changes (tension controls, etc.) Everything is threaded correctly. It appears the top thread or the bobbin thread...


I know you've said you have checked the tensions but that usually is the problem. When you pull on the top thread after it goes through the tension but before you thread it through the needle is there some tension but not so much that it breaks when you gently pull on it? It will be a bit harder to pull it at the point after it goes through the needle but it should have a bit of give there too without breaking.

Also check the bobbin again. Take it out of the machine and examine how the thread is wound around the bobbin. Is it all criss crossed or is it fairly evenly wound? Is it in the right direction and through the tension slot? Now dangle it by the thread while in the bobbin case. It should not just reel out to the floor but should slip a bit with some tension and hang there. A slight **** of the wrist should cause it to release a bit more thread and drop a bit more to the floor. It should allow slip but it shouldn't just reel out fast.

When you reinsert the bobbin case into the machine you should feel/hear a slight click as it catches into place.

Also check the needle though that usually isn't what causes this kind of problem.

The thread will break when it has no 'give'. Either the tensions aren't quite right or it is catching somewhere along the way through the various guides where you thread it. Oh and make sure the spool itself is freely turning on the spindle! Sometimes it is because of catching at that point and simply turning the spool upside down so it can't catch will solve the problem ! :)

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Three things to check:

1.You need to use a needle specifically made for metallic thread. I believe the eye of the needle is square and the thread will pass through it easier, and will not be shredded which can be a cause of breaking.

2. Be sure to check your tension to make sure it is not too tight on the top. Test your stitches, checking both top and bottom tension.

3. The thread should come off the spool straight, not twisting. The thread cone should be standing up straight and the spool should twirl to release the thread. If the spool is not moving and the thread unwinds from the stationary spool, then the thread is twisting and that can cause the breakage as well.

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1 Answer

Problem with spool Thread, please suggest a solution!


This is a tension problem.
In addition to the top thread having a tension adjustment there is the facility to adjust the tension of the bottom(bobbin) thread.
Both these tensions need to be correct to get a balanced stitch and to stop the loose threads underneath the cloth.
It is almost impossible to explain how to adjust the bottom tension you need to be shown.
Somewhere in your manual it should explain how to do this.

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