Re: the bobbin binds up underneath plate and stops
Hello, I have a Designer 1 and an SE. You did not say what you are doing when this happens.
When this happens to me, it is usually because the feed dogs are unable
to advance the fabric. If I am mending and using the zigzag and get a
lump in the mend, the fabric hangs and if I keep sewing, I will get a
I have found that listening to the machine can tell you when something is not right and you can stop it before you get a huge nest.
Here is what I would do- 1. Un thread the machine and re thread. Make sure you are in the take up hook. The silver metal hook that goes up and down and advances the thread. 2. Check that the bobbin is not wound too much. This can be adjusted by turning the white button adjacent to the bobbin winder.
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Make sure your needle is threaded correctly and that the needle is not old or blunt.
make sure that the thread and needle size are compatible with the material you are using.Or check with manufacturer.
change the needle rethread the machine on top--make sure the presser foot is lift to the highest position rethread the bobbin also make sure it's inserted correctly into the bobbin case clean under the needle plate & in the bobbin area for lint or loose threads
You may have a jam under the needle plate. Take it off and have a look.
It is often a simple case of one of the threads not passing through the tension discs correctly. Try re-threading upper and lower, making sure the presser foot is up at the time.
Are you sewing a fine material? Sometimes fine fabric gets pushed down through the universal needle plate hole which is slightly elongated. If this is the case you need a straight stitch needle plate. You cannot do zig zig or anything other than straight stitch with this plate.
If re-threading does not do it and you do have a soft fabric, try popping some freezer paper or similar under the first few centimeters of sewing before buying another needle plate, it might work.
Sounds to me like your bobbin tension is way too tight. Adjusting the top thread tension will not correct this. Either something is binding up the bobbin (thread or lint) do you wind your own bobbins? Perhaps you have a little too much thread on the bobbin and it acts like a break, stopping the bobbin from spinning freely. Check, clean and oil your bobbin shuttle (the thing that spins around the bobbin).
This problem occurs when the timing is off. When the needle inserts into the machine and picks up the bobbin thread is too early or to late, the thread will get hung up on the "finger" of the bobbin. First, check the bobbin to see if you may have placed it in backwards. If the bobbin was inserted correctly, and this just started happening, then the machine will have to be serviced.
are you doing embroidery? if so turn off jump stitch cutting if possible. is the machine threaded correctly (pull needle thread out of machine and thread again with presser foot raised.
check for foreign matter in needle tension assembly. ensure there is sufficient needle thread tension.
the thread you see caught up underneath the fabric will be needle thread and indicates insufficient needle thread tension or something preventing the needle thread from being pulled up into the fabric (maybe a damaged bobbin case, or bobbin case position finger, or damaged needle plate hole).
If possible hoop the item. I have found that any item that has any thickness causes the presser foot to be pushed forward and the needle hits it and breaks. If you can press the item to lessen the thickness this may help. I spoke to Singer (I am a Singer dealer) and they did not have any help for this other than to recommend that the owner cut out the back of the foot. I don't think that would be a solution as it would be difficult to cut out the back of the foot and still have smooth edges, also it would cause the foot to be weak and possible break or bend. Good Luck
This has happened to me as well. What I usually do is:-
* remove bobbin case and clean out any lint, also under the needle plate, then replace needle plate , bobbin case and the little front cover. replace the bobbin , checking that you have the thread going the correct way.
* replace the needle with a new one of the correct size for the weight of your fabric and the weight of your thread
*remove and rethread the top thread
* check that the stabilizer is of sufficient weight for the density of the design. (You may need to float an extra piece of stabilizer underneath the hoop)
* check also that it is bobbin-fill in your bobbin (it is easy to get it mixed up)
* when stitching out lace, sometimes it helps to hoop the solvy double.