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No WindowsXP, corrupt file windows\system32\config\system

ASUS motherboard P4P800S, 1GB memory, Windows XP Home Edition
I attempted to upgrade the motherboard and this message appeared when trying to start Windows XP.
windows\system32\config\system file missing or corrupt.
I put the original motherboard back in but it didn't help. The message says I can insert the original CD and attempt to repair but this unit came with the OEM OS on it with no original CD. I tried their website to get a CD and it just takes you in circles. http://v2premier.com/techsupport/kb/kb/windows/windows_problems.shtml
I borrowed a Windows XP Home edition copy and was able to get to the repair screen but it warns that it could wipe out some programs from the hard drive. I'm afraid of losing a valuable program my wife has for her knitting machine and it requires a new key # purchased everytime the software is loaded.
How can I repair the corrupted file?
Can I safely load windows over the existing windows with another copy of windows XP home addition; if not, will it work if I can get the original CD?
If I can use repair and if so which command should I use?
I thank you in advance for any solutuions you may offer.
Jim

Posted by on

  • 1 more comment 
  • Wizard of Oz Dec 29, 2008

    Thank you for such a quick response. I'm in the doghouse until I get it resolved. The key #'s from the knitting company are free in Europe but cost $150.00 here for two keys.

    When I tried to run the repair program from the friends CD it went into the full install unless I typed "R" and then it took me to a dos based command codes.

    I will check out your suggestions this week and get back to you with a result when done. Thanks again.

  • Wizard of Oz Jan 10, 2009

    Today I attempted to repair the windowsXP. I think I could have too if I hadn't followed the second set of instructions on a parallel OS. It installed a parallel XP and now if I try to do a repair it only sees the new OS and not the one with all my software on it. I can see the original when I first boot up but it still needs repaired so I can't boot to it.
    Have I totally screwed this up or can I still get to the original XP somehow and repair it?

  • Lucky
    Lucky May 11, 2010

    Hi,

    First contact the knitting machine program company and check with them about the registration info.

    You shold get a original OS CD, they should send it free for you.

    Or you can try using your ffriend's CDs but it should be the same version as your preinstalled one.

    Then run the repair reinstallation, it would fix the issue.

    Do not install the OS again as it would delete all the info.

    NOTE : Always have a 2 or more partitions on the hard drive.

    And classify them as OS which is C drive

    D - would be your data like music, video, movie and documents and everything etc.,

    This would eliminate the chance of losing the data as you can reinstall the OS only by deleting the C partition only.

    But please don't tell the OEM company about the same as they would charge you as it would be the out of scope for them probably.

    If you dont know how to repair please post.

    I can instruct you.

    Hre is the link follow :

    http://www.geekstogo.com/forum/How-to-re...

    Or

    http://www.windowsxphome.windowsreinstal...

    You can try this also :

    http://www.windowsxphome.windowsreinstal...

    Let me know

    Good Luck.

    Live, Love, Laugh.

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Upgrading a motherboard on Windows operating system is not a simple swap process. For what it is worth, we always do a backup first, then prepare the computer with the new drivers needed for the new board and run a utility called sysprep before we swap out a motherboard. Upon the next power up, the OS will go through the hardware detection and hopefully, it would boot backup.

But now the damage is done. Let's see if we can get you over the hump.

First, make sure you put you computer back together exactly like how you had it before the upgrade. Right as it boots, hit F8 a few times to get to the boot management screen. Select "Last Known Good Configuration". If you are lucky, it will boot right up.

If that doesn't work, repeat the process and but select "Safe Mode" instead. If it boots, you can attempt to backup your files first. Next, try to restore your system by running "System Restore" in "Accessories", "System Tools". Select "Restore my computer to earlier time". A calendar should come up. You will find restore points in the dates in bold. Try using a date just right before you swapped the motherboard. You can repeat the process until you get one that works.

If that failed too, make sure you have all the drivers for your old mother board. The next step is a little risky, but it maybe a quick way to get you backup without having to reinstall every piece of your software. If you want to give it a try, open your device manager and delete all devices. Upon next power up, the system should go through hardware detection. You will need to reinstall your device drivers. With luck, this method will get you back in business quick.

If none of the above works, your data should still be OK, but if you need to preserve all the programs, you will need a very competent tech who has done recovery like this before. But if you can reinstall your software, you can just do a repair install. All of your data should still be there, but you will have to reinstall your software.

Good luck. I hope this info will help you.

Posted on Sep 04, 2009

  • Ancestor_22 Sep 04, 2009

    I didn't realize this post was from so long ago. I guess I am too late to rescue your system. I hope you were able to fix the problems. Maybe the info I posted will help others.

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Just borrow live cd of any os (UBUNTU Linux preferred)or a norton ghost recovery cd(available at internet)

now for live cd , boot your pc with cd ...this will give you gui desktop with hard drive acess...just insert your pendrive and copy all needed files

after this have a clean xp install...this solution is on the basis that you have not created ASR backup of ur system

for ghost,just boot sys with ghost...backup entire harddrive or useful matter,have a clean xp install and restore the useful components...remember, do not restore entire hard drive as this will restore currpted files also..

Posted on Aug 10, 2009

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Reinstall the os every time you replace the mother board it cures this issue...
dont do anything half fast it wont work.

Posted on Aug 09, 2009

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  • 12 Answers

Yes U can Find Out Solution By Step :::


1. First U look anyone's (Friend's) computer and then find out the files located in system32/config folder.

2. copy this files to pen drive or other mass storage devices

3. first apply any boot cd with complete with MS-DOS prompt or 98 or u can use Hiren's BOOT CD

4. then u can find out the way to open the folder located in your harddisk (windows/system32/config)

5. at this point copy the files as external device opening or in through CD

then reboot

Posted on Apr 29, 2009

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Sad to say but alot of the computer manufacturers send Windows install/restore disks that are basically hardwired to the original hardware setup. The only real solution if you cannot install over your old setup would be to purchase the full version of the Windows o/s you want to install. Hope this helps & please remember to rate my answer. Thanks.

Posted on Dec 28, 2008

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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Problem with OS. How can I fix? Net book states - Windows XP could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM Can you help? Thanks Philip


  1. Insert the Windows XP startup disk into the floppy disk drive, or insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive, and then restart the computer.
    Click to select any options that are required to start the computer from the CD-ROM drive if you are prompted to do so.
  2. When the "Welcome to Setup" screen appears, press R to start the Recovery Console.
  3. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot computer, select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console.
  4. When you are prompted to do so, type the Administrator password. If the administrator password is blank, just press ENTER.
  5. At the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: md tmp
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\system c:\windows\tmp\system.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\software c:\windows\tmp\software.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\sam c:\windows\tmp\sam.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\security c:\windows\tmp\security.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\default c:\windows\tmp\default.bak

    delete c:\windows\system32\config\system
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\software
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\security
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\default

    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
  6. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer will restart.
Note This procedure assumes that Windows XP is installed to the C:\Windows folder. Make sure to change C:\Windows to the appropriate windows_folder if it is a different location.


If you need more help come back.Post / thumbs / testimonial are welcome!

Dec 03, 2010 | ASUS Eee PC 1005HAB Netbook - Intel Atom...

Tip

How To Fixed Corrupted or Missing \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG


If you get the error:
Windows could not start because the following files is missing or corrupt
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM or \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SOFTWARE
  1. Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD.
  2. At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
  3. Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
    Typically this will be #1
  4. Enter in the administrator password when requested
  5. cd \windows\system32\config
  6. Depending on which section was corrupted:
    ren software software.bad or ren system system.bad
  7. Depending on which section was corrupted
    copy \windows\repair\system
    copy \windows\repair\software
  8. Take out the CD ROM and type exit

on Sep 20, 2010 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

I get a "windows\system32\config\system" file not


you could run the check disk utility
click start run type cmd then type chkdsk/r/f which will scan for and attempt to repair any bad sectors and automatically fix any corrupt files on your hard drive then defragment your hard drive or
go to control panel administrive tools computer management you can right click on the drive select properties tools check now?tick in both boxes to scan for and attempt to repair/recover any bad sectors and automaticall fix any corrupt files
in xp
hope this helps

Nov 28, 2010 | Mach Speed X-Caliber PT800DBP Motherboard

1 Answer

I can't open windows xp i got this message:\r\n"unable to read file C:\windows\system32\config\software " I tried to fix it thru recovery console copying the i386 file but nothing happenned Help me please


hi You need to get a Windows XP from someone and follow these instructions: Windows could not start because the following files is missing or corrupt \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM or \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SOFTWARE
1. Insert and boot from your Windows XP CD. 2. At the first R=Repair option, press the R key 3. Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair. Typically this will be #1 4. Enter in the administrator password when requested 5. cd \windows\system32\config 6. Depending on which section was corrupted: ren software software.bad or ren system system.bad 7. Depending on which section was corrupted copy \windows\repair\system copy \windows\repair\software 8. Take out the CD ROM and type exit

Aug 28, 2010 | Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition

1 Answer

I have a asus eeepc 900 netbook.suddenly it stop booting & everytime showing"windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:Windows/system32/config/system.You can attempt to...


Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
/WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/CONFIG/SYSTEM
You can attempt to repair this file by starting Windows Setup using the original Setup CD-ROM
Select “r” at the first screen to repair

So then i click r at the first screen and nothing happens...It keeps on repeating to repair on and on with the same message after i clicked r. I can't even access to the window...what can i do???

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1 Answer

My tecra 8000 fails to boot cannot find config sys


Originally Posted by Don this problem occurs when you try to update drivers in the computer..sometimes windows XP cannot update the driver and that corrupts system.ini file as it has a lot of bad entries..Due to this you will get this error mesage..No its not due to virus.its due to an attempt to change system.ini file

Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM

That means the System Registry Hive has become corrupted.

There are two ways to get back up and running. The easy way which doesn't always work, and then there is the hard way.

Easy Way --- Note that this doesn't always work.
When you are booting your system, press the F8 key during the start of the bootup sequence, meaning after it does the Power On Self Test.

Once you press the F8 key, you will be taken to a Menu. Select "Boot Using Last Known Good Configuration".

It will now attempt to load Windows XP using a past set of configuration files.

If that doesn't work, there is the next step....the hard way.

Hard Way
Boot your system with the Windows XP Install CD, let the system boot into the Setup. Once in the Setup, choose to run the Recovery Console2.gif.

You will now be presented with a screen similar to good old DOS.

First, we will recover the System Hive.

Now, type in the following commands with pressing Enter after each line.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\system C:\windows\tmp\system.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\system
copy C:\windows\repair\system C:\windows\system32\config\system

Be very careful when you are typing in these commands, one wrong move, and you have, broken Windows XP.

Also, change the C in the commands to whatever your Windows XP drive letter is.

Attempt to boot the system, if it doesn't boot, get back into the Recovery Console and do the following commands.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\software C:\windows\tmp\software.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\software
copy C:\windows\repair\software C:\windows\system32\config\software

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2 Answers

Hp paviliondv2050us wont start


To complete part one, follow these steps:
  1. Insert the Windows XP startup disk into the floppy disk drive, or insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive, and then restart the computer.
    Click to select any options that are required to start the computer from the CD-ROM drive if you are prompted to do so.
  2. When the "Welcome to Setup" screen appears, press R to start the Recovery Console.
  3. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot computer, select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console.
  4. When you are prompted to do so, type the Administrator password. If the administrator password is blank, just press ENTER.
  5. At the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: md tmp
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\system c:\windows\tmp\system.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\software c:\windows\tmp\software.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\sam c:\windows\tmp\sam.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\security c:\windows\tmp\security.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\default c:\windows\tmp\default.bak

    delete c:\windows\system32\config\system
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\software
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\security
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\default

    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
  6. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer will restart.
Note This procedure assumes that Windows XP is installed to the C:\Windows folder. Make sure to change it is a different location.

If you have access to another computer, to save time, you can copy the text in step five, and then create a text file called "Regcopy1.txt" (for example). To use this file, run the following command when you start in Recovery Console: batch regcopy1.txtWith the batch command in Recovery Console, you can process all the commands in a text file sequentially. When you use the batch command, you do not have to manually type as many commands. Part two loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); To complete the procedure described in this section, you must be logged on as an administrator, or an administrative user (a user who has an account in the Administrators group). If you are using Windows XP Home Edition, you can log on as an administrative user. If you log on as an administrator, you must first start Windows XP Home Edition in Safe mode. To start the Windows XP Home Edition computer in Safe mode, follow these steps.
  1. Click Start, click Shut Down (or click Turn Off Computer), click Restart, and then click OK (or click Restart).
  2. Press the F8 key.

    On a computer that is configured to start to multiple operating systems, you can press F8 when you see the Startup menu.
  3. Use the arrow keys to select the appropriate Safe mode option, and then press ENTER.
  4. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot system, use the arrow keys to select the installation that you want to access, and then press ENTER.
In part two, you copy the registry files from their backed up location by using System Restore. This folder is not available in Recovery Console. Before you start this procedure, you must change several settings to make the folder visible:
  1. Start Windows Explorer.
  2. On the Tools menu, click Folder options.
  3. Click the View tab.
  4. Under Hidden files and folders, click to select Show hidden files and folders, and then click to clear the Hide protected operating system files (Recommended) check box.
  5. Click Yes when the dialog box that confirms that you want to display these files appears.
  6. Double-click the drive where you installed Windows XP to display a list of the folders. If is important to click the correct drive.
  7. Open the System Volume Information folder. This folder is unavailable and appears dimmed because it is set as a super-hidden folder.
  8. Open a folder that was not created at the current time. You may have to click Details on the View menu to see when these folders were created. There may be one or more folders starting with "RPx under this folder. These are restore points.
  9. Open one of these folders to locate a Snapshot subfolder. The following path is an example of a folder path to the Snapshot folder: C:\System Volume Information\_restore{D86480E3-73EF-47BC-A0EB-A81BE6EE3ED8}\RP1\Snapshot
  10. From the Snapshot folder, copy the following files to the C:\Windows\Tmp folder:
    • _REGISTRY_USER_.DEFAULT
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SECURITY
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SOFTWARE
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SYSTEM
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SAM
  11. Rename the files in the C:\Windows\Tmp folder as follows:
    • Rename _REGISTRY_USER_.DEFAULT to DEFAULT
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SECURITY to SECURITY
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SOFTWARE to SOFTWARE
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SYSTEM to SYSTEM
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SAM to SAM
These files are the backed up registry files from System Restore. .

Part Three loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); In part three, you delete the existing registry files, and then copy the System Restore Registry files to the C:\Windows\System32\Config folder:
  1. Start Recovery Console.
  2. At the command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: del c:\windows\system32\config\sam

    del c:\windows\system32\config\security

    del c:\windows\system32\config\software

    del c:\windows\system32\config\default

    del c:\windows\system32\config\system

    copy c:\windows\tmp\software c:\windows\system32\config\software

    copy c:\windows\tmp\system c:\windows\system32\config\system

    copy c:\windows\tmp\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam

    copy c:\windows\tmp\security c:\windows\system32\config\security

    copy c:\windows\tmp\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
    Note Some of these command lines may be wrapped for readability.
  3. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer restarts.
Note This procedure assumes that Windows XP is installed to the C:\Windows folder.

If you have access to another computer, to save time, you can copy the text in step two, and then create a text file called "Regcopy2.txt" (for example). To use this file, run the following command when you start in Recovery Console:
batch regcopy2.txt Part Four Click Start, and click All Programs. Click Accessories, click System Tools. Click System Restore, click Restore to a previous RestorePoint.

Jul 21, 2009 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Windows XP Home Edition Crashed After Loading Service Pack 2


hey coco

nothing happens when you try to use the recovery console right by pressing "r".

try this again and again , sometimes it idles but its still running, if the error appears, restat again.

some corruptions maybe beyond our control and sometimes the only solution for this is to recover the inportant files you have on that HD and do a reformat...

Jan 24, 2009 | Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition

2 Answers

No audio after installing windowsXP Home Edition


try goin and doing windows updates i know i have had to do that after reformatting some computers

Nov 26, 2007 | ASUS P4P800-MX Motherboard

1 Answer

Having problems with my compaq Persario 2500


this problem occurs when you try to update drivers in the computer..sometimes windows XP cannot update the driver and that corrupts system.ini file as it has a lot of bad entries..Due to this you will get this error mesage..No its not due to virus.its due to an attempt to change system.ini file

Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM

That means the System Registry Hive has become corrupted.

There are two ways to get back up and running. The easy way which doesn't always work, and then there is the hard way.

Easy Way --- Note that this doesn't always work.
When you are booting your system, press the F8 key during the start of the bootup sequence, meaning after it does the Power On Self Test.

Once you press the F8 key, you will be taken to a Menu. Select "Boot Using Last Known Good Configuration".

It will now attempt to load Windows XP using a past set of configuration files.

If that doesn't work, there is the next step....the hard way.

Hard Way
Boot your system with the Windows XP Install CD, let the system boot into the Setup. Once in the Setup, choose to run the Recovery Console.

You will now be presented with a screen similar to good old DOS.

First, we will recover the System Hive.

Now, type in the following commands with pressing Enter after each line.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\system C:\windows\tmp\system.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\system
copy C:\windows\repair\system C:\windows\system32\config\system

Be very careful when you are typing in these commands, one wrong move, and you have, broken Windows XP.

Also, change the C in the commands to whatever your Windows XP drive letter is.

Attempt to boot the system, if it doesn't boot, get back into the Recovery Console and do the following commands.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\software C:\windows\tmp\software.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\software
copy C:\windows\repair\software C:\windows\system32\config\software

Oct 11, 2007 | HP Compaq Presario 2500 HP Pavilion ZE...

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