Question about Uniden PC78ELITE 40-Channels Base CB Radio

2 Answers

The whip on my antenna came loose.

I Talked a lot on the CB, before I realised, what was wrong.the SWR, was'nt that far off. But after re-tuning the antenna, I noticed a couple day's later, that I had no squelch. Then it was intermitent. I checked my SWR again on ch1 & ch40. The SWR didd'nt change. But when I held the mic button down. The needle jumped back and forth. From 1 clear into the red..And both red light's came on, just every now and then. I checked the mic connection, even tried a different mic. Is my radio worth repairing?

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Considering the cost of a new one. repairing would be a good idea.

Posted on Oct 23, 2007

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Ok you have probly bernt your finals my friend because if your swr is jumping about then the radio is putting out diffrent power all the time check it with a power meter and get bk to us hope this helps my friend:):):)

Posted on Jun 05, 2007

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1 Answer

Newbie here. U was trying to tune my trc 447 swr but am having more than 3 to 1 regardless. I have checked the antenna system and its fine. Can anybody help me. Thanks


What kind of antenna do you have ? If it a fiberglass whip you may or may not have a tuning rod that may be in the tip of the antenna. If you have a metal antenna then you should be able to adjust it . First,get an external SWR meter and attach it to your radio with a 12" section of jumper coax from the radio to the transmitter side of the meter then your antenna coax goes to the other connector. Now loosen the tuning rod using the alan wrench and set screws on the antenna. Next , place the whip or rod to the bottom and bring it 1/4 " then key you radio and check your swr on channel 1/40/and 19. Write down the numbers you get and then readjust and recheck it. Always writing down the results until you are at least a 1.5:1.

Jan 23, 2016 | Radio Communications

Tip

How to tune your SWR on your CB Radio.


It is important to tune your CB radio antenna to the proper length. The length must exactly match the wavelength of the frequency you transmit on. Or be really really close.

All Cb antenna's have a way to adjust the length of the antenna. If it's a mag mount, the metal whip can be slid in and out of a metal collar. Usually a set screw. If its a fiberglass whip, the way to tune it is on top. It either has a small metal rod with a set screw to adjust the length, or it threads in and out to adjust length.

Either type you have it will need to be adjusted for proper length. Here is how to tune the antenna to lowest SWR.

Some radios have a built in SWR meter. Some do not. If yours doesn't have an SWR meter, then you have to use an external SWR meter. Radio shack carries one, and you can find them cheap on ebay.

If you have a built in SWR meter or external, the procedure is the same:

1. Turn the radio to CH 20.(This is the center of the band.)
2. Switch the meter switch to CAL. (CAL stand for calibrate.
3. Key the radio. (Important. Do not talk while keying the radio.)
4. turn the CAL knob up until the meter hits the CAL mark.
5. Now while still keying the radio flip the meter switch to SWR.

Where the meter falls after that point is you SWR reading. If its above 3, that is real bad. 2 is not gonna kill your radio but its not the greatest. 1.5 and under is a good place to be, but the lower the better.

If your SWR is high, Here is how to find out if your antenna is too long or too short.

1. Turn to CH 1
2. Repeat SWR procedure. You must calibrate every time you do it.
3. Remember the SWR reading.
4. Turn to CH 40.
5. Again repeat SWR procedure.
6. Compare the reading between CH 1 and CH 40.

Now if the SWR is higher on channel 1 then channel 40 your antenna is too short. You must make it longer.

If the SWR is longer on channel 40 then on channel 1, then the antenna is too long, you need to make it shorter.

Make height adjustments about an eight inch at a time, and take reading each time.

once the SWR is significantly lower and the reading on channel 1 and 40 are about the same, you a about matched. At this point turn the radio to the center of the band, channel 20 and take an SWR reading.

You should now have a low SWR reading, 1.5 or under. If you are 1.5 or under, you are good to go.

If you cannot get the SWR to an appropriate level, there may be an antenna problem.

on Sep 08, 2010 | Radio Communications

1 Answer

SWR overload on sideband


Try a different antenna, my thinking on this is that the antenna has an issue where it can deal with the 4 watts of CW power and not the extra PEP on SSB mode.

May 11, 2013 | Galaxy Radios DX-949 CB Mob ssb Swr...

1 Answer

How to set standing wave


The SWR is set by the antenna. It depends on the type of antenna you have as to the correct procedure. If the antenna has a stainless steel whip then a set screw is loosened so that the whip can be adjusted up and down. Most Fiberglass antennas have to be trimmed. Some of the fiberglass antennas have tuning adjustments under the rubber cap on the end. Check you SWR on channel 1 and on channel 40. If it is higher on 40 than it is on channel 1 then your antenna is too long and needs to be shortened. If your SWR is higher on 1 and lower on 40 then the antenna is too short. There are many articles on the web concerning SWR. I urge you to read up because having the SWR set on your rig will ensure many years of good operation and performance.

Mar 10, 2013 | Cobra Radio Communications

1 Answer

I have a Radioshack trc-487 cb radio with weather band . I would like to turn up the modulation... Peak and tune... get better reception... anything... I would like to know the internal parts I have to...


Hello Randy, do you have a fiberglass or stainless whip? What is your SWR & power meter readings now? --- The stainless whip may be creating a feedback and picking up static from transformers. Do you have a power microphone? If so you need to use a modulation meter to set it for 100% modulation. It could also be causing the crackling, that or your engine alternator.

A 1:1 SWR implies a perfect match between all elements of the antenna system...this is what you want. If an antenna system is not working well, the power reflected by the antenna will travel back through the transmission line and arrive at the output of the transceiver. From a practical point of view, SWR numbers in the range from 1:1 to 1.5:1 are considered to be very good, meaning that the antenna is radiating most of the power sent to it...

I would not recommend tweaking the boards on the realistic radios. You can however tune your whip. Start by making a base coil with some copper wire, 14 gauge will work. Run one end under the whip mount end and then tightly wrap the wire around the base of the whip. Experiment with 20 - 30 wraps for best performance & SWR.

The Astatic 575M6, or the Sadelta MB-4(hard to find) are very good power microphones that will help with modulation and peak power transmissions. Let me know if you need more help with tuning, if the "crackling" is still there.

Here is a link for your radio, in case you don't have one.

http://support.radioshack.com/support_electronics/36554.htm

Nov 16, 2011 | Radio Communications

1 Answer

Im having a problem with people hearing me on my CB. I can hear people fine and it comes in real clear, but they can't hear me at all, i mean they can but its just that its so low they can hear me. It was...


Tune your antenna. If he took the metal whip out of the base, then he messed the tuning all up.




It is important to tune your CB radio antenna to the proper length. The length must exactly match the wavelength of the frequency you transmit on. Or be really really close.

All Cb antenna's have a way to adjust the length of the antenna. If it's a mag mount, the metal whip can be slid in and out of a metal collar. Usually a set screw. If its a fiberglass whip, the way to tune it is on top. It either has a small metal rod with a set screw to adjust the length, or it threads in and out to adjust length.

Either type you have it will need to be adjusted for proper length. Here is how to tune the antenna to lowest SWR.

Some radios have a built in SWR meter. Some do not. If yours doesn't have an SWR meter, then you have to use an external SWR meter. Radio shack carries one, and you can find them cheap on ebay.

If you have a built in SWR meter or external, the procedure is the same:

1. Turn the radio to CH 20.(This is the center of the band.)
2. Switch the meter switch to CAL. (CAL stand for calibrate.
3. Key the radio. (Important. Do not talk while keying the radio.)
4. turn the CAL knob up until the meter hits the CAL mark.
5. Now while still keying the radio flip the meter switch to SWR.

Where the meter falls after that point is you SWR reading. If its above 3, that is real bad. 2 is not gonna kill your radio but its not the greatest. 1.5 and under is a good place to be, but the lower the better.

If your SWR is high, Here is how to find out if your antenna is too long or too short.

1. Turn to CH 1
2. Repeat SWR procedure. You must calibrate every time you do it.
3. Remember the SWR reading.
4. Turn to CH 40.
5. Again repeat SWR procedure.
6. Compare the reading between CH 1 and CH 40.

Now if the SWR is higher on channel 1 then channel 40 your antenna is too short. You must make it longer.

If the SWR is longer on channel 40 then on channel 1, then the antenna is too long, you need to make it shorter.

Make height adjustments about an eight inch at a time, and take reading each time.

once the SWR is significantly lower and the reading on channel 1 and 40 are about the same, you a about matched. At this point turn the radio to the center of the band, channel 20 and take an SWR reading.

You should now have a low SWR reading, 1.5 or under. If you are 1.5 or under, you are good to go.

If you cannot get the SWR to an appropriate level, there may be an antenna problem.

Nov 12, 2010 | Cobra 29 WX NW ST 40-Channels Base CB...

1 Answer

I have a cobra 150 gtl dx cb radio. my reception and transmition is not at peek performance. can you help me please? i have tried everything i know to do.


If this radio has been peaked and tuned already, and it is not in need of a full alignment, then it's most likely the antenna.

Your antenna is everything. You need a good antenna, and it needs to be tuned to the lowest SWR.



It is important to tune your CB radio antenna to the proper length. The length must exactly match the wavelength of the frequency you transmit on. Or be really really close.

All Cb antenna's have a way to adjust the length of the antenna. If it's a mag mount, the metal whip can be slid in and out of a metal collar. Usually a set screw. If its a fiberglass whip, the way to tune it is on top. It either has a small metal rod with a set screw to adjust the length, or it threads in and out to adjust length.

Either type you have it will need to be adjusted for proper length. Here is how to tune the antenna to lowest SWR.

Some radios have a built in SWR meter. Some do not. If yours doesn't have an SWR meter, then you have to use an external SWR meter. Radio shack carries one, and you can find them cheap on ebay.

If you have a built in SWR meter or external, the procedure is the same:

1. Turn the radio to CH 20.(This is the center of the band.)
2. Switch the meter switch to CAL. (CAL stand for calibrate.
3. Key the radio. (Important. Do not talk while keying the radio.)
4. turn the CAL knob up until the meter hits the CAL mark.
5. Now while still keying the radio flip the meter switch to SWR.

Where the meter falls after that point is you SWR reading. If its above 3, that is real bad. 2 is not gonna kill your radio but its not the greatest. 1.5 and under is a good place to be, but the lower the better.

If your SWR is high, Here is how to find out if your antenna is too long or too short.

1. Turn to CH 1
2. Repeat SWR procedure. You must calibrate every time you do it.
3. Remember the SWR reading.
4. Turn to CH 40.
5. Again repeat SWR procedure.
6. Compare the reading between CH 1 and CH 40.

Now if the SWR is higher on channel 1 then channel 40 your antenna is too short. You must make it longer.

If the SWR is longer on channel 40 then on channel 1, then the antenna is too long, you need to make it shorter.

Make height adjustments about an eight inch at a time, and take reading each time.

once the SWR is significantly lower and the reading on channel 1 and 40 are about the same, you a about matched. At this point turn the radio to the center of the band, channel 20 and take an SWR reading.

You should now have a low SWR reading, 1.5 or under. If you are 1.5 or under, you are good to go.

If you cannot get the SWR to an appropriate level, there may be an antenna problem.

Oct 20, 2010 | Cobra 150 GTL DX Base CB Radio

1 Answer

Cb radio


As for me ,the Wilson 1000 or Wilson 2000 are the best mobile antenna for a mobile. I have out talked a lot of base antennas with them, just put it on the top of car in the center or trunk, or middle of cab of truck, with a good SWR and you are talking and receiving. great antenna. ...hope this helps..

Jun 01, 2010 | Cobra 29 LTD CB Radio

2 Answers

Cobra 29 ltd classic antenna calibration ??


Wow. That's not at all a solution to what this guy is asking. And why all the caps??

The one point jm77437 has that is correct is that you do not set the radio, you set the antenna. The rest is blah blah.

Here is how you tune your antenna for you radio. First off it depends on what kind of antenna you have. most fiberglass antennas have a tunable tip to adjust the height of the antenna. Metal whips either have a collar at the base that the whip will either slide up or down in to adjust the height. The other type of metal whip's you have to physically clip to shorten the antenna, you must be careful with this type because once its clipped, that's it. You cannot add what you cut off.

I am going to give this example using a metal whip with an adjustable collar.

First after your radio is hooked up in the vehicle, drive to an open lot. Buildings and other structures can cause extra reflection. turn to channel 1. Flip the meter to CAL. Key the mic without talking. Now turn the CAL knob up until the needle reaches the little upside down triangle all the way to the right marked CAL. Now you have just celebrated your radio for your setup to measure you SWR. Now while still holding the key, flip the meter switch to SWR. The needle will move, and where it stops is your SWR reading. The lower the better. Anything under 1.5 is considered really good. But still, the lower the better.

Make note of what your SWR was on ch 1.

Now flip to channel 40. Repeat the SWR process. You must recalabrate each time you take a reading.

Now like jm77437 said. If your SWR reading is higher on 40 then 1, then your antenna is too long, and you must make it shorter. Loosen the collar and lower the antenna in the collar 1/4 inch at a time. check the swr each time you adjust the antenna.

If your SWR reading is higher on channel 1, then your antenna is too short. You must make your antenna longer. Do this by loossening the collar and pulling the antenna upward in the collar 1/4 inch at a time, again checking the swr each time you adjust the antenna.

What you want to achieve is having the same SWR reading on channel 1 and 40. then you have the best match you are going to get with that antenna.

If your swr is under 1.5 on all channels, you don't need to fuss unless you are a perfectionist. then by all means go ahead.

If your reading is higher then 3, or your ant light comes on, something is really wrong. Make sure your antenna is connected all the way, and the coax is not damaged.

Its important to have an appropriate SWR because if you do not, you are reflecting too much signal back into the radio, and eventually you will burn out your final transistor, and your radio will be toast.

Some tips: make sure you check the swr with the doors and windows shut. Make sure you are in an open lot. Remember to calabrate ecah time you take a reading. If you have had your radio peaked by a radio shop, and they have lowered your dead key, or have done a swing modification, then the meter in your radio will not work when taking an SWR reading and you will have to use an external meter.

Mar 12, 2009 | Cobra Radio Communications

4 Answers

Cobra 18 wx st cb problem


Sounds to me like your finals in the rig have blown stopping you using the CB mode, Either that or you have a loose connection on the power output inside the radio.

Mar 15, 2008 | Cobra 18 WX ST 40-Channels Base CB Radio

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