First off, welcome to the world of photography! Good luck and have fun!!!
Like any slr, you have the option of Manual exposure. I'm not familiar w/ modern Canons (I use Nikon). According to this page, however, you also have aperture priority and shutter priority. I'm pretty sure ALL modern Canons have bracketing modes as well (Use this for HDR).
I couldn't find the 450 manual (I'm assuming Canon's web devs are behind), but I did find the instruction manual for the 400 :
Should be similar, probably w/o some of the functions. Although you SHOULD have a book w/ your camera ;). Read it thoroughly.
Ok, according to the 400 manual, put your camera into Manual mode, then adjust the regular dial to adjust shutter speed. Then, to adjust aperture, hold in the A/V button while you adjust the same dial.
Like I said, may be a bit different. I think the dial may even be digital buttons rather than analog...
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The question in the title and the first sentence imply to me that you have confused manual mode and RAW format.
Title: "Why does my brand new Canon 6D freeze when shooting in RAWD freeze when shooting in RAW"
First sentence: "My brand new Canon 6D freezes when I try to shoot in manual."
Manual mode means you are responsible for all of the settings related to exposure (aperture, ISO, and shutterspeed). RAW is a specific file format to save the photo. They are independent of each other.
My guess is that in manual mode you have the shutterspeed set to the maximum of 30 seconds. The camera isn't going to automatically adjust it for you in manual mode. If you're new to DSLRs, start with Ae (Aperture priority) or Tv (Shutter priority). In Ae mode, you control the aperture and the camera will select the shutterspeed. In Tv mode, you select the shutterspeed and the camera selects the aperture for you. Start off with Auto ISO. This will help you learn what combinations of settings work well together.
You need to understand the relationship and teractivity of aperture, shutter speed and iso. In Av mod, you choose the aperture and the camera makes thw shutter speed agjustment, In Tv mode, you set the shutter speed and the camera makes the aperture adjustment, In manual, you have to set both shutter speed and aperture manually. If the ISO mode is set to AUTO, the camera chooses the sensors sensitivity to light automatically. Change to specific ISO (200-400 for daylight and 799-1600 for night). Take a picture in AV mode and note what shutter speed the camera chose. Then switch to TC mode choose the same shutter speed and see if camera chose the same aperture(f-stop) you chose in first shot. Change to Manual and choose same f-stop and shutter speed the camera chose for you in the other modes. Compare all three photos. They should be almost if not exactly the same exposure wise. In Tv mode choose a dlowers shutter speed, In Manual choose a combo of slower shuuter and wider f-stop(smaller number). Read your manual.
Which mode are you on? When you zoom in, the maximum aperture size decreases to f/5.6 in the kit lens. Sometimes it may be too dark or shutter speed too slow so the camera doesn't shoot. If you're in "P" (program) mode, full auto mode or any of the Basic Modes, the aperture/shutter is auto. In other modes (Av, M, etc) you can turn the dial on the top of the camera to adjust shutter speed to a lower number.
Not sure what you are really asking here as it would depend on the settings you have selected to use.
For instance if your ISO ) ASA film speed) is set to 64 and you have an aperture priority setting of say 6 then the shutter will go clllllllllickkkkk ( be slow say 1/30th of a second. As opposed to say ISO of 200 and an aperture of 16 the camera will go cliick now if you select ISO 400 and aperture of 16 the camera will clk This is the "sports type setting for fast moving objects ) I am presuming daylight average light for the above after 4pm or in some shade areas shutter speed can also be delayed and the picture result is blurred due to camera shake at low speeds. then u need a tripod
Now what have you selected as an amateur snapshot artist? Day night settings AUTO ISO 100 + ........ portratit landscape night
Any of these settings on auto will also be delayed depending on ISO and the amount of ambiant light available to the camera. So you need to get to know your cameraq by practice
Some settings ( see manual) suggest using shutter priority to get good pics Others suggest aperture priority.
It might be better for you to get a basic digital photography book to help you understand and compose good pics ( Digital photography for dummies ( or DP basics)
Hers a tip worth remembering with apertures
Smaller the number larger the hole(aperture) Larger the number smaller the aperture
larger hole for lower light smaller hole for very bright light
so experiment with aperture to be familiar on what to select for the degree of light then test different ISO speeds and keep notes.
When you use zoom increase the EV by 1+ and see what the difference is to standard distance
All great fun and learning and now cheaper because you dont have to pay for film or development to see what creative pics you have made!
So perhaps the camera does not have a problem, it just has you, and
you need to bond so Good Luck and ,many happy snappy hours of fun