Question about Fender 4 Channel Powered Mixer with 10 in Speakers System

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Vocal sound with a powered mixer

I have an IMG Stageline PMX 100, 4 channel powered mixer p.a system, i'm using it in my loft for rehearsing my songs using an electric acoustic guitar and 2 vocalists. i don't have any instructions for it, and am not sure what to sett the mid, gain, bass, tone, volume etc.. to get the best live sound. any tips?

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Do'nt mess with the Tone,Bass, Mid or Highs without reason. Flat is the Standard for mixing, recording, and further processing as it allows you to control the tone there.
Volume is subjective, as in a crowd of WWII Marines are deaf, but many cities have regulations for sound levels, and they check them, and will shut you down if your out of compliance (need a sound level meter, the good one), and you can drive away old ladies with load noises (remember: they are your customers).
Generally set your levels so they NEVER Distort the signal and any point or level in the show.
Make shure that you have quality microphones and cables.
Keep your levels balanced if possible.
Do'nt know what your rig entails, but any place to clean up a signal, or lower noise will directly reflect on the sound.
A DSP with compressor/limiter and maybe some other algos like reverb, delay, flanger, phase/frequency shifter can greatly enhance and help control a modest or not rig easily.
With voices, a sybillance or vocal processor can make a world of (usually good) difference, and a matched set of Compressor/Limiters dedicated to the voices can help tame the levels of several people in a live or studio situation.
Keep mike and other low level cables far from electrical drops (crossing at right angles) taped down.
Run your mike and other levels well within safe limits,
setting levels of incoming lines as high as possible With Out Overs, the more headroom the better.
Use the Mains out to control the volume levels in the House (your audience). In most situations,
the volume of the entire soundsystem should be so the audience can talk in close quarters (whisper), and still hear themselves over the band in the distance. (the country clubs I've played).
Start with the lead vocal, and get a comfortable , clean, and balanced sound with both loud and soft singing, both being heard with-out major adjustment of the signal at the board.
Adjust any output or input that has changed in response to the addition of the voice, to a average -10 db level.
You may fine-tune them later, and at the show, (and another show, and another,&another &another...)
These levels rise as you add more voices and instruments, and during the course of some shows, so having some extra space is good to have room to solo a voice over the basic loudness of the rest of the show, (I swear, it's a circus folks).
Add the other vocals one at a time as before, 'til all are of the same level.
Now adjust any levels that may have risen or changed (-10 db is a good starting place) to not have any overs for the next stage.
Add the instruments levels one at a time, in order of importance to the sound, leaving headroom for solos, as well as building structure in the gain matrix.
USE THE TONE CONTROLS ONLY AS THE LAST RESOURCE, Though Equalizers can be real handy.
Tone Conrols are TO FIX Undesireable Sounds Levels such as Feedback, a nasal voice (the same), or other Highly offending examples of Vocal or Musician outbursts (Guitars Mostly).
As the club manager or health department official TELLS you to turn it down, and as sound levels subside, the guitars keep wailin', and at a certain point one must just turn the damn soundboard OFF, turn and announce to the official that at that point "it is out of your control".

Posted on Nov 13, 2008

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C how can I conect my loptop to the mixer so i can play the music from my computer

To connect your laptop to your mixer, first you need to buy a mini plug to 2-RCA cable, like the one in the figure below:

Then connect the two RCA plugs to one channel, using the inputs marked LINE or CD, as shown by the red arrows in the figure below:

Let us say that you already have two CD units connected to channels 1 and 2. Connect the cable mentioned above to the two RCA jacks of Channel 3.

Now, connect the mini plug to the sound output of your laptop (it should be merked LINE OUT, PHONES or have the symbol of a phone close to it). If the output is dinamically addressed, i.e., the sound driver pops up a windows asking what have you connected to that input, please mark the answer that indicates LINE OUT or HEADPHONES (or something related, but not LINE IN or MICROPHONE).

Adjust your laptop volume to LOW. Switch on your mixer, select the channel you connected the laptop and increase its volume. Put a song in your laptop to play and raise its volume little by little, till you have a good level of sound with no distortion

A word of caution: If you adjust the laptop volume to maximum, distortion could occur, so experiment with the laptop volume to find the best level.

Hope this info may help you!

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make sure your speaker total load impedance is not lower than 4 ohms.
Remember- if you have a pair of 8 ohm speakers plugged in your load will be 4ohms.
SO...if you add another speaker it will drop below 4ohms.
OR.. if you are not using the original 8ohm speakers, they must be combined to make a total impedance load of 4ohms or more using series or parallel combination in the hookup.

the output transistor could be the cause. with the covers off, looking at the two power transistors mounted to the heat sink, one is probably bad. Part # DE9744 or the other one MJW21191. You should NEVER pull the covers off with the unit plugged into the wall unless you have at least SOME training in service work and you know what NOT to touch while the unit is plugged in.

If you are not sure what youre doing... Take it to a qualified service technician ! Deadly voltages are present and could KILL you if you are not carefull.

Another thing - never power up an amplifier without speakers plugged in. You might get away with it once but eventually it will take out the output transistor (s). Even if you know that an amplifier has overload protection, it is not a good habbit to get into.

That might have been the cause of the problem to begin with.Hope this helps.
"Enjoy music, for without music of all kinds, this life would be at a great loss"

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Vocal effects on Tascam 2488 MK 2 portable studio

Hi again,

The easiest way to record using an external Lexicon effects unit (without an external mixer) is to connect your mic onto one of the 2488's inputs and assign that input to a channel strip (track). You should have the 2488 sends (output) going to the Lexicon's inputs. Then connect the Lexicon outputs back into another set of inputs on your 2488 and assign those inputs to two empty channel strips (tracks).

Then you will have to take that channel that has your mic input assigned to it and press send and set the levels there to send the signal out the sends (to the Lexicon).
Now you have a channel strip assigned to the mic input which contains your dry signal, and you have the two inputs returning from the Lexicon which contains your wet or effected signal.
You then have some options. You can control the amount of effected signal you hear while recording by adjusting the faders of the two wet tracks and you can either record the dry signal or the wet signal (or both) onto separate tracks.

Typically when recording the singer will want to hear an effect (say reverb) on his voice, but the engineer wants to record only the dry track at recording time (because effects can always be added later, but they can't be taken out). To accomplish this you would use the setup above, but only arm the mic input track for recording. In this way the singer hears the reverb, but only the dry vocals get recorded and the engineer can add reverb to that track again later as desired (and mix it back with the dry vocal etc).

On the other hand if you want to record only the effected signal you would simply arm the two channels to which the inputs coming back from your Lexicon are assigned for recording. This will get you a recording of the effected signal only.
Hope this helps you do what you are trying to do.



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Cant record vocals while listening to beat without the beat being recorded twice

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XENYX 1222FX Mixer

I've had the same problem. It just is like the tracks mix up with each other. It's pretty irritation when you come to the mixing process. You just can't mix track where the first one for example actually is some song. But you also got some guitar from track 2 on it and the guitar track has got track 3 and 4 on it and so on and so on.
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Use a single effect vice a multi effect and assign it to the channel vice the input and that should get you going. I'm sure you could just set the effect to the input and not the channel but this works for me. If your tracking your instruments/tracks to different channels, and you should be, then assigining the effect to the channel wont hurt you.

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Problem hearing a new recording after I press '2trk ito mix button?


You need tro set up the monitoring capability in your recording software under either hardware profiles or audio settings. All "good" recording software has this monitoring capability. There's another thing - I got rid of my Multimix 8 USB, because it wasn't allowing me to monitor as I recorded new tracks. At first it did, then about a year into using it, this function stopped, and when I investigated further, it was coming up as a single duplex sound card in my hardware profiles in Windows XP. It is as if that functionality of the soundcard component had burned out. Maybe on the circuit board...

I now have a gina Echo that I bought off eBay, and it was the best thing I ever bought. It is a hard card - no latency! Full monitoring! 24 bit recording! A hard card with a breakout box instead of USB! My recordings have never sounded better. The best thing about it is that I sold my ALesis adn was able to by the gina and have money left over - they are out of production (stupidly) and can still be purchased for anywhere between $50.00 - $80.00

You may or may not have a problem with your mixer - check your software settings first. If that isn't the problem, eBay is open 24 hours...


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