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How to ID CPU compatibility?

Im looking around for a new CPU for my old banger (socket 478) what information is crucial to compatibility? I found a site that shows my mobo but its 6 years old. can you explain to me how to ID compatible CPU's pls?

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  • findads Oct 28, 2008

    I have found sites that list compatible CPU's for my Mobo, but what I really want to know is what information is important? eg: if a CPU matches my Mobo specs for FSB, socket and any other crucial spec can I presume it will be compatible, or do I have to check a list from a chip supplier and be restricted to that?

  • Andy Bathgate
    Andy Bathgate May 11, 2010

    What Mobo manufacturer and model no? Im sure i can get this info for you

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  • 35 Answers

You should try to find the manual of your mobo. Search the manufagurer website for the same model number. It usually lists all compatible CPUs.

Socket 478 is for Intel Pentium 4, Intel Celeron, Celeron D and Pentium 4 Extreme. But that doesn't mean your motherboard supports them all. You should still check the manual.

Posted on Oct 28, 2008

  • Iyad Marzouka
    Iyad Marzouka Oct 28, 2008

    You should stick to the supported CPUs for your mobo. And try to find the latest updated manual for that mobo so it would have an updated list of supported CPUs.

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How to recognise a pin and pi nnless processor


A pin Processor has metal pins on the bottom of it.

For an example let's use an Intel Pentium 4 processor, that fit in a Socket 478 processor socket.

http://www.cpu-world.com/CPUs/Pentium_4/TYPE-Desktop%20Pentium%204%20Willamette.html

Viewing the link above, observe the green square under the grayish metallic looking square.
The green square is a circuit board.
(Width and length, about the length of your first digit on your thumb)

The grayish metallic square, is a metal shell cover over a Chipset.
Chip and Chipset are slang terms for I.C.
Integrated Circuit,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_Circuit

The Integrated Circuit here is the Processor.
The Processor is connected to the green circuit board. (PCB. Printed Circuit Board)

On the bottom of the green circuit board are contact pins. In this case 478 of them. (478 pins)

http://www.cpu-world.com/CPUs/Pentium_4/Intel-Pentium%204%201.7%20GHz%20-%20RK80531PC029G0K%20%28BX80531NK170G%29.html

The tiny metal contact pins fit down into matching socket holes, in the processor socket.

A Socket 478 processor socket,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socket_478

(You can click on the photo to the upper right to enlarge it.

The next design to come out, has the Processor with contact pads, (Pinless), and the processor socket has the contact pins.
An LGA 775 processor socket,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGA_775


Example of a Pentium Dual Core's bottom side. (LGA 775 processor socket is used),

http://www.cpu-world.com/CPUs/Pentium_Dual-Core/Intel-Pentium%20Dual-Core%20E2220%20HH80557PG0561M%20%28BX80557E2220%20-%20BXC80557E2220%29.html


There you have it.

A 'Pin' processor has metal contact pins on the bottom.

A 'Pinless' processor has metal contact pads.

For additional questions please post in a Comment.

Regards,
joecoolvette

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GATEWAY GT5228


there is a basic guide i will give ya
1. not all parts are comptable so please check visually before trying to swap them

a. the large to med size board that everthing plugs into is the MOTHERBAORD or mobo for short
b. the cpu central processor unit (usually) is under a heat sink & fan upper left hand when looking at most (most) desktop mobos
c. the ram random access memory is usually to the right of that and may be sd ddr ddr2 depending on age of mobo
e. there should be cables going to the optical drive, cdrom, etc, hard drive or HDD for short wide usually gray is called ide or smal thin sata depends on the mobo
f. sometimes there are parts in the slots on the bottom left of the mobo (these can be anything from vidoe cards to modems to lans no way to tell without more info)

the first thing to look at if you are upgrading is the ram compatable take a tick out of the old unit you will see the catches make sure it is unpluged and you have touched the metal case before touching inside of computer static electrcity can damage a lot on a computer then take a stick out of this one do the slots or notches line up if so more than likley they are compaitble

next look at the cpu repmve the heat sink and fan carfully lift the cpu chip do not bend the pegs or its ruined look at the slotit came out of it will tell you mpg or pga 478 or socket a or socket 482 they would have to match to see if they were ubgradable.

like I said though depends on the age difference most are not that compatible even in the same brands.

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