My son was messing around with the machine and now the feed teeth have drpped, button at the back doesn't make any different. some settings have changed, any help will be appreciated on this to get the fabric moving again !
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1. To solve your knotting problem. Learn to always trap or grasp your thread ends for the first few stitches.
2. When the dogs are down, sometimes you have to grasp and jiggle or turn the hand wheel while re-engaging the feed dogs.
3. It sounds to me as if you aren't making sure that the take up leaver is in the top position before you press the "foot button down" Make sure you press "needle up" before you press foot down. That way the dogs should be in the correct position for you to get the fabric under there and proceed. In the mean time... I would strongly recommend you go back to your dealer and take some lessons. It sounds to me that when you learned to sew... you were not trained the proper procedures.
Look in your owner's manual. I'm sure your machine has a reverse feed button but don't know if you can manually disable the feed teeth. If it is so equipped, it doesn't drop the teeth. Rather, it simply causes them to go straight up and down. If the teeth truly stay below the needle plate level, they are likely out of adjustment and need to bereadjusted and raised.
Reengage the feed dogs by pushing the feed dog button AND manually turning the flywheel towards you through one stitch sequence, you should see them moving back above the needle plate after a stitch has been made.
un thread, raise the pressure foot then manually turn the flywheel towards you and watch the feed dogs (the teeth that move under the needle plate). If they are not moving around and coming up above the needle plate then one of two things:
either you've accidentially disengaged the feed dogs, check the manual for instructions to reengage, sometimes a knob, button or slide, often on the front base or around the back of the free arm.
If they are engaged but not moving up at all, then something has gone in the drive to them, usually a gear in the free arm area. In which case, take to the shop for repair.
HOW TO FIX YOUR FEEDER TEETH (DOG TEETH) ON EMERALD 116/118/120 IF THEY STOP WORKING....
So this is just a temporary solution to this problem... after reading through the user's guide (which really needs to be updated to have more troubleshooting suggestions), and basically taking apart various parts of the machine, I found a temporary solution.
1. Unscrew the Face Place (where the needle is attached to. #9 in User Guide Overview) There is only one screw on the side right underneath the Pressure Foot Pressure Dial (#8 in User Guide Overview). Taking off the Face Place gives you room to use a screwdriver for step 2...
2. Unscrew the Needle Plate (#12 in User Guide Overview), and take out the Bobbin holder (black). Slide the lever for the Feed Teeth to the raised position, and with your forefinger pop up the Feed Teeth (underneath the needle) to the raised position. You will here a click... and you are set to go. Reassembly your machine and get back to sewing!
The little white button on the lower right front of the machine is the button that drops the feed teeth. If it is pressed in the feed teeth are down, push in a lift upward to be sure it's in the "Up" position. Then look on the left side of the machine, you'll see a dial, (NOT the dial facing you as you sit in front of the machine) make sure the red dot on the dial is lined up with the red dot on the painted part of the machine.
Finally look at the dial on the front of the machine. The one with the little button in the center of it. Put it on the number 3. If your machine doesn't feed fabric after doing what I've outlined then you need to take it in for service.
The first thing to observe is if the feed teeth are coming up above the needle plate. Remove the presser foot and unthread the needle, then rotate the handwheel (always towards you, never away from you) and check to see if the teeth come above the plate. The button next to the on and off switch drops the feed teeth, so make sure it is in the up position. Pushing on it when its down makes it pop up and then after the machine makes one revolution the feed teeth pop up for normal sewing. Also look on the left side of the machine and you'll notice a dial, that dial should be on 6 for normal sewing. If everything I've covered so far is correct, the dial is on 6, the teeth do come up above the needle plate and your plate is correctly on the machine and you still don't have feeding it's more than likely a computer problem and a service to your tech is in order.
Remove the needle plate and clean the lint from between the teeth of feeddogs, also around and inside bobbin case.
The switch for the feeddogs is to raise (normal sewing) or lower (free motion) and if there is no difference, the accumulated lint will have made a felt pad between the teeth forcing the feeddogs to stay down and present with the problem you describe.
When things go a little "weird", the common instinct is OIL EVERYTHING............DON'T DO IT !!! ....this is rarely the solution on its own account, and can make the servicing a great deal longer as the excess must be removed........little oil regularly, not a bucketful every 5 years is a better approach.