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PAL is the format of the dvd and there are two main formats for a dvd and they are PAL or NTSC. The NTSC format is mostly used for the United States, and the PAL format is used more in Europe and Asia. An older dvd player will have the format options in the setup menu for the dvd player, and from the setup menu on the tv screen the dvd player can be set to play the PAL dvd's. However if that is not the problem and the dvd player no longer can tell a PAL from a NTSC format then the dvd player either needs a serious lens cleaning or it has a malfunction. Also, the back of the cover for the dvd should say if it is PAL or NTSC.
If you haven't solved this yet, just turn off the system. Press and hold the enter button on the front panel. While holding enter tap the store button a few times until you see "Video: PAL ###" and change this back to "Video: NTSC"
To begin, the first and second problems are completely unrelated.
If you bought a PAL TV and are playing an NTSC source, the result will be an invalid format. The two sources are not compatible. However, there are converters available, see: http://www.converters.tv/signals/ntsc_to_pal.html (just as an example).
To the second user. My first guess is that you need to select the proper input on your TV. Look for the "input" button on your TV remote and toggle through each input until you see a picture. The problem may be more complicated than that, but, to troubleshoot, I need to know: what TV you have, how many devices and what devices are hooked to the TV.
Those are the two common standards; PAL is used in Europe, NTSC in the US and they use different synchronization and resolutions which is causing your problem although it would seem that the menu should still appear since that is an internal function.
I suggest you email or call Koss for a suggestion; I don't believe you are the only one who has done this.
You might try pulling the plug overnight to see if the set will default to NTSC but as most sets today, it probably will remember the last settings and to access the area where this is stored is not a job for users.
A TV shop (if you can find one) will likely have a TV signal generator that can produce both standards and this will enable them to reset to NTSC.
First, using the remote Turn the unit off. Then, using the remote Turn the unit on. Next, Press the [System] button Next, Press the [Right] Arrow (once) Next, Press the [Down] Arrow (4 times) Next, Press the [Right] Arrow (once) Next, Press the [Up] Arrow (once) Next, Press [Enter] Last, Press the [System] button