I've had my Nikon D40 for over a year and just encountered my first problem. I can only focus on objects close up, everything more than 6' away is blurry. I've changed settings, charged it and lenses, but it still won't focus. Is there something I'm missing or should I take it into a shop?
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Usually you get a kit 18-55 AF lens that has a A/M switch on the side. The switch should be facing the A side so it's set on autofocus. Then you have 9 points on your viewfinder, those are the autofocus points. It should usually be set to center, because you usually want the object in center of your photo to not be blurry. Remember to press the shutter button halfway and give some time for the autofocus to focus. Then you can press it all the way, you should have your photos nice and clear.
If you happen to have a manual focus lens, you should be watching through the viewfinder and turning the focus ring on the lens and determine if your object is in focus. It's hard at night, but get some practice at home when you have some more light so you get more familiar with the focus.
There's a diopter control near the viewfinder to adjust the viewfinder to your eye. Try adjusting that while peering into the viewfinder and try to get the focus brackets and the data at the bottom of the viewfinder into focus.
I have similar problem on my D40. I think there is something mechanical with the camera's shutter button, some connections, I guess... The only solution I've found is to go to Menu > Custom Settings Menu > "AE-L/AF-L" and set to "AF". Now you can focus by AF-L button. Focusing works then perfectly.
The WORST thing is that I can't lock exposure now and that's sad :(
Maybe I can try to fix this in the camera center later, we'll see. But it takes months in Ukraine to do the fixing... Hate that!