I would like to know maximum control I can have with shutter speed and aperture in Canon A560 by selecting manual and other modes. The product manual only guides to select various modes for various situations, but I have not been able to get the satisfactory depth in my photographs and also use the in-built flash to its best use.
I am looking for a in-depth guidance.
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The aperture is the opening in the lens through which light passes to the image sensor. Changing the aperture setting allows you to control the depth of fieldof a photograph. When the aperture is opened to a widersetting, (indicated by a lower f-stop number) more light is passed to the imagesensor, creating more shallow depth of field. Closing the aperture (indicatedby a higher f-stop number) allows less light to pass to the image sensor,creating wider depth of field. NOTE:The aperture setting is one of three primary settings usedto control the overall exposure of a photograph. The other two primary settingsare ISO and shutter speed. Because the three settingswork together to produce the overall exposure for a photograph, changingthe aperture setting will require complimentary changes to either the ISO or shutter speed to produce a properly exposed photograph. These changes will bemade automatically by the camera in the Auto, Program, Aperture-priority andShutter-priority modes. There are two ways tocontrol the aperture setting on the camera:
Aperture-priority mode (A)- When shooting in Aperture priority mode (A), you set the aperture value and the camera automatically sets the optimum shutter speed for you.
Manual mode (M)- When shooting in Manual mode (M), you control both aperture and shutter speed, which gives you maximum creative control to achieve the exact results you want.
The question in the title and the first sentence imply to me that you have confused manual mode and RAW format.
Title: "Why does my brand new Canon 6D freeze when shooting in RAWD freeze when shooting in RAW"
First sentence: "My brand new Canon 6D freezes when I try to shoot in manual."
Manual mode means you are responsible for all of the settings related to exposure (aperture, ISO, and shutterspeed). RAW is a specific file format to save the photo. They are independent of each other.
My guess is that in manual mode you have the shutterspeed set to the maximum of 30 seconds. The camera isn't going to automatically adjust it for you in manual mode. If you're new to DSLRs, start with Ae (Aperture priority) or Tv (Shutter priority). In Ae mode, you control the aperture and the camera will select the shutterspeed. In Tv mode, you select the shutterspeed and the camera selects the aperture for you. Start off with Auto ISO. This will help you learn what combinations of settings work well together.
This is one of the biggest drawbacks of a point&shoot camera. You're expected to point the camera and shoot the picture without worrying about minor details like aperture and shutter speed. You can select the ISO by pressing the FUNC/SET button in the shooting mode and then selecting ISO (third item from the top along the left edge of the screen). You can control the aperture and shutter speed somewhat by changing the scene mode. For example, the portrait mode will try to give you a wide aperture, the landscape mode will try to give you a small aperture, and the sports mode will try to give you a fast shutter speed. If you want to take your photography above and beyond the point&shoot level then you need a more capable camera.
You need to understand the relationship and teractivity of aperture, shutter speed and iso. In Av mod, you choose the aperture and the camera makes thw shutter speed agjustment, In Tv mode, you set the shutter speed and the camera makes the aperture adjustment, In manual, you have to set both shutter speed and aperture manually. If the ISO mode is set to AUTO, the camera chooses the sensors sensitivity to light automatically. Change to specific ISO (200-400 for daylight and 799-1600 for night). Take a picture in AV mode and note what shutter speed the camera chose. Then switch to TC mode choose the same shutter speed and see if camera chose the same aperture(f-stop) you chose in first shot. Change to Manual and choose same f-stop and shutter speed the camera chose for you in the other modes. Compare all three photos. They should be almost if not exactly the same exposure wise. In Tv mode choose a dlowers shutter speed, In Manual choose a combo of slower shuuter and wider f-stop(smaller number). Read your manual.
You haven't stated which model you have, but on Pentax models "green mode" is an auto-everything mode. You just point the camera, adjust the zoom and the camera chooses everything else. As a result it does not allow access to almost all other functions.
Not all functions are available in all modes: you'll find similar restrictions when using any of the scene modes which your camera is likely to have, but for most of them you'll have fewer restrictions. You get maximum control in manual mode, and a very slightly less in aperture priority mode (the choose the aperture, the camera selects the correct matching shutter speed) and also in shutter priority mode (you choose the shutter speed, the camera selects the correct aperture). Program mode chooses the aperture and shutter speed for you, but allows you to retain full control of everything else and also to adjust the balance between the pre-selected shutter and aperture settings whilst maintaining the same exposure level. These modes are labelled P,A, S, M on those camera function dials which support these modes, your may or may not have them.
I hope that my speedy free reply has been of assistance to you; if so please let me know by taking a moment to rate my answer. If not, please add a comment instead and state your exact camera model and I shall be happy to assist you further.
Which mode are you on? When you zoom in, the maximum aperture size decreases to f/5.6 in the kit lens. Sometimes it may be too dark or shutter speed too slow so the camera doesn't shoot. If you're in "P" (program) mode, full auto mode or any of the Basic Modes, the aperture/shutter is auto. In other modes (Av, M, etc) you can turn the dial on the top of the camera to adjust shutter speed to a lower number.
s I understand it from what I have seen on the Web, the 3000Z can operate in several modes:
1. Fully automatic (camera select both
2. Manual (user sets both aperture and shutter speed).
3. Aperture Priority mode - user sets aperture and camera chooses correct shutter speed to get a good exposure
Apparently there is no Shutter Priority mode (user cannot set only the shutter er speed and allow the camera to set the aperature to get a good exposure). This option is available on the Epson 850Z camera and this seems like a silly ommision to make on a "high-end" camera like the 3000Z.