I would like to know maximum control I can have with shutter speed and aperture in Canon A560 by selecting manual and other modes. The product manual only guides to select various modes for various situations, but I have not been able to get the satisfactory depth in my photographs and also use the in-built flash to its best use.
I am looking for a in-depth guidance.
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The question in the title and the first sentence imply to me that you have confused manual mode and RAW format.
Title: "Why does my brand new Canon 6D freeze when shooting in RAWD freeze when shooting in RAW"
First sentence: "My brand new Canon 6D freezes when I try to shoot in manual."
Manual mode means you are responsible for all of the settings related to exposure (aperture, ISO, and shutterspeed). RAW is a specific file format to save the photo. They are independent of each other.
My guess is that in manual mode you have the shutterspeed set to the maximum of 30 seconds. The camera isn't going to automatically adjust it for you in manual mode. If you're new to DSLRs, start with Ae (Aperture priority) or Tv (Shutter priority). In Ae mode, you control the aperture and the camera will select the shutterspeed. In Tv mode, you select the shutterspeed and the camera selects the aperture for you. Start off with Auto ISO. This will help you learn what combinations of settings work well together.
The aperture is the opening in the lens through which light passes to the image sensor. Changing the aperture setting allows you to control the depth of fieldof a photograph. When the aperture is opened to a widersetting, (indicated by a lower f-stop number) more light is passed to the imagesensor, creating more shallow depth of field. Closing the aperture (indicatedby a higher f-stop number) allows less light to pass to the image sensor,creating wider depth of field. NOTE:The aperture setting is one of three primary settings usedto control the overall exposure of a photograph. The other two primary settingsare ISO and shutter speed. Because the three settingswork together to produce the overall exposure for a photograph, changingthe aperture setting will require complimentary changes to either the ISO or shutter speed to produce a properly exposed photograph. These changes will bemade automatically by the camera in the Auto, Program, Aperture-priority andShutter-priority modes. There are two ways tocontrol the aperture setting on the camera:
Aperture-priority mode (A)- When shooting in Aperture priority mode (A), you set the aperture value and the camera automatically sets the optimum shutter speed for you.
Manual mode (M)- When shooting in Manual mode (M), you control both aperture and shutter speed, which gives you maximum creative control to achieve the exact results you want.
You have not stated which model camera body you have so I can only give you general Nikon information. There is a range over which the automatic settings will work for each camera. In addition, Nikon bodies have multiple sensitivity ranges. On the D90 for example, go into the "Shooting Menu" and open the "ISO sensitivity settings." You will see "maximum sensitivity" and "minimum shutter speed" menus along with the "ISO sensitivity auto control" options. Turn off the auto control option and manually set the maximum (ISO) sensitivity and minimum shutter speed. Also, the Shooting Menu also has "High ISO NR" settings that can be used to accommodate most lighting situations. You need to look in your camera's manual for all the details. The Nikon website has manuals available for all the Nikon products.
This is one of the biggest drawbacks of a point&shoot camera. You're expected to point the camera and shoot the picture without worrying about minor details like aperture and shutter speed. You can select the ISO by pressing the FUNC/SET button in the shooting mode and then selecting ISO (third item from the top along the left edge of the screen). You can control the aperture and shutter speed somewhat by changing the scene mode. For example, the portrait mode will try to give you a wide aperture, the landscape mode will try to give you a small aperture, and the sports mode will try to give you a fast shutter speed. If you want to take your photography above and beyond the point&shoot level then you need a more capable camera.
If your camera is a Rebel XS you should have a dial on the top right with a series of letters and icons. To set your camera so you manually control the shutter speed turn this dial too "TV" (Time Value). This setting will allow you to select the shutter speed and the aperture will open or close to achieve the correct exposure. The "M" is (Manual) where you would select both the shutter speed and aperture "AV" is (Aperture Value) where the user selects the aperture they want and the shutter speed increases or decreases to obtain a proper exposure. The "P" (Program) mode allows the camera to automatically select the shutter speed and aperture
You haven't stated which model you have, but on Pentax models "green mode" is an auto-everything mode. You just point the camera, adjust the zoom and the camera chooses everything else. As a result it does not allow access to almost all other functions.
Not all functions are available in all modes: you'll find similar restrictions when using any of the scene modes which your camera is likely to have, but for most of them you'll have fewer restrictions. You get maximum control in manual mode, and a very slightly less in aperture priority mode (the choose the aperture, the camera selects the correct matching shutter speed) and also in shutter priority mode (you choose the shutter speed, the camera selects the correct aperture). Program mode chooses the aperture and shutter speed for you, but allows you to retain full control of everything else and also to adjust the balance between the pre-selected shutter and aperture settings whilst maintaining the same exposure level. These modes are labelled P,A, S, M on those camera function dials which support these modes, your may or may not have them.
I hope that my speedy free reply has been of assistance to you; if so please let me know by taking a moment to rate my answer. If not, please add a comment instead and state your exact camera model and I shall be happy to assist you further.
OM-20 was basically a upgraded OM-10 with the manual adapter built in and a number of other refinements.
The viewfinder has LED's to show the shutter speed recommended by the camera's lightmeter for the ISO and aperture selected. It also has an exposure compensation indicator (the +/- symbol) and an indicator for flash ready which doubles up as a post-exposure flash confirmation. There is also the indicator lamp to show manual mode has been selected. OM-10 lacks the manual mode lamp and the +/- indicator.
Like the OM-10, the OM-20 is primarily an aperture priority automatic camera. In this mode you set the ISO film speed, choose which aperture you wish to use (with the ability to use the lens depth of field preview button) and then the camera selects the correct shutter speed. The +/- exposure compensation control allows the user to tell the camera to modify the recommended shutter speed by up to two stops either way.
In manual mode, there is no manual metering. The light meter behaves exactly as it does in aperture priority mode and the viewfinder shows the recommended shutter speed and not the manually selected one. Correct metering is therefore a case of adjusting the aperture first, and then choosing the correct shutter speed indicated in the viewfinder. If the user then decides to select a different shutter speed, then the aperture ring must be adjusted to maintain the correct exposure. For example the aperture is set to f8 and the camera recommends 1/60th of a second. The user decides that a faster shutter speed is required and chooses 1/250th, but the viewfinder remains showing 1/60th. In order to keep the same exposure value the user must open the aperture by two full stops to f4. The camera's light meter will detect the new aperture setting and providing the light on the object is unchanged the viewfinder shutter speed display should now show 1/250th as well to confirm the correct adjustment. Alternatively, the user can choose the shutter speed first by looking at what has been set on the control ring (or by turning the ring to the end of its travel and then counting the clicks from there as all experienced OM users do) and then turning the aperture ring until the shutter speed shown in the viewfinder matches what's been manually set.
It all sounds clumsy and complex but is done far more quickly than I've taken to type this and becomes second nature.
Aperture priority metering is selected on the camera by choosing AUTO on the mode selecter. In this mode the shutter speed ring has no effect and the viewfinder always displays the automatically selected shutter speed.
s I understand it from what I have seen on the Web, the 3000Z can operate in several modes:
1. Fully automatic (camera select both
2. Manual (user sets both aperture and shutter speed).
3. Aperture Priority mode - user sets aperture and camera chooses correct shutter speed to get a good exposure
Apparently there is no Shutter Priority mode (user cannot set only the shutter er speed and allow the camera to set the aperature to get a good exposure). This option is available on the Epson 850Z camera and this seems like a silly ommision to make on a "high-end" camera like the 3000Z.