Question about Kicker Solo-Baric L5 Car Subwoofer

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Do I wire 4 ohm voice coils in series or parallel to get a 2 ohm circut?

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How should i wire my 4 ohm subwoofer to a 2 ohm 2 channel amplifier. The autoprotect kicks in often and i have blown more than one fuse.

Posted on Nov 20, 2008

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Hi,

Basically, it would be the amp that would dictate whether series or parallel. If the amp is rated at X watts @ 2 ohms, then the speakers could be wired in parallel. If however the amp is rated at so many watts in 4 ohms, then it would be safer to wire the speakers in series to achieve 8 ohms.

If two 4 ohms speakers are wired in parallel, the end result is a 2 ohm load. If the amp is rated at 4 ohms, and presented with a 2 ohms load, possibilities are:

  • autoprotect would kick in often;
  • burn the output transistors of the amp.
Hope that this be of initial help/idea. Pls post back how things turned up or should you need additional information.

Good luck and kind regards. Thank you for using FixYa.

Posted on Oct 10, 2008

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I have a pioneergm-d8500m amp and it stopped working and the green led just flashes.. i bought a new amp to replace it and it just does the same thing.. what is going on to cause this


crossed speaker wires or loose strands creating a short circuit, improper speaker ohmage or a blown speaker.

verify that you dont have any positive strands coming in contact with negative strands/terminals, the amp case, the speaker frame, or any metal part of the car chassis.

verify that you only have a 2 ohm load connected to the amp. most car speakers are 4 ohm (siginfied by the greek letter "omega" on the back of the spoeaker magnet, or in the speaker specifications), but some are 2 ohm and/or 2 ohm x2 voice coils per speaker. 2x2 ohm coils/speakers would produce a 1 ohm load, which would cause the amp to overload, and go into "protect" mode. to achieve a safe load, you need to use 1x4 ohm speaker, 2x4 ohm speakers or a dual voice coil speaker with 4 ohms per coil x2 voice coils, wired in parallel.

you can also achieve 2 ohms with 2 speakers with 2x2 ohm voice coils apiece (that is, 2 speakers, each with 2 ohm voice coils apiece, 2 speakers with 4 voice coils altogether of 2 ohms apiece) by wiring the two coils per speaker in SERIES, and then wiring the two speakers circuits in PARALLEL. wiring the coils in series means connecting the positive lead of one coil to the amp positive, then connecting the same coils negative to the positive of the second coil, and finally connecting the negative from the second coil back to the amp negative terminal. if you wire both dual voice coil speakers in series, and then connect both series circuits back to the amps positive/engative, than you have the coils in series, and the speakers in parallel- achieving an overall 2 ohm load from 4 total voice coils between 2 speakers.

if you need a better explaination, comment back with your exact speaker combination (brand and model # of speakers + number of speakers), and i will provide a more specific description with your exact speaker set-up in mind.

Mar 27, 2011 | Pioneer Gm-d8500m Car Amp

1 Answer

How do you wire a AW1000V to 1 amplifier?


The easiest way to wire this would be to make sure you have a 2 ohm amp, wire both voice coils in parallel to the amp. This means to connect both + terminals on the speaker to the + speaker output on the amp, then wire both - terminals on the speaker to the - speaker terminal on the amp. With the voice coils in parallel like this it makes it into a 2 ohm load at the amplifier. If you are running for example a 1000 watt amp at 2 ohms into this speaker it would give each voice coil the equivalent of 500 watts of power at 4 ohms. The other way would be to run the voice coils in series (voice coil 1 - terminal to - speaker terminal on the amp, voice coil 1 + terminal to the voice coil 2- terminal, voice coil 2 + terminal to the +speaker terminal on the amp.) The series wiring would give you a 8ohm speaker load to your amp so you would need a 8 ohm amp.

Mar 07, 2011 | AudioBahn AW1000V 10" Dual 4-ohm Voice...

1 Answer

I got these subs given to me brand new from my dad and was not sure on how to wire the duel voice coils. Could you please tell me the different ways to wire the coils for the different ohms. Thanks, Gerald


Ok..If each coil is say 4 ohms and you wire them in parallel you will obtain 2 ohms...in series you will obtain 8 ohms...remember..series resistors add together and parallel resistors(of the same value) divide...so if you were to wire all 4 voice coils in parallel, then you would obtain 1 ohm...or, if you were to series all 4 voice coils then you would obtain 16 ohms...a lot of amps are not stable down to two ohms..the way we did it old school was to parallel each speakers voice coils to obtain 2 ohms..and then we would series the 2 speakers in the box to obtain the 4 ohm load needed by the amp

Jan 07, 2011 | Jensen KS-210 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

How to wire up an audiobahn aw1251t i want to invert it


Two 4 ohm Dual Voice Coil (DVC) Speakers Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 1 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_1ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 4 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_4ohm.gif
have any more question let me know
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Dec 23, 2010 | AudioBahn Car Audio & Video

1 Answer

How do i install 2 ckicker cvr to my amp


Here are a couple of diagrams 2+4 ohm dual voice coil wiring.

Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 1 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_1ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 4 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_4ohm.gif

Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 0.5 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1/2 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_05ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 2 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 2 or 1 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_2ohm.gif
Option 3 (series) = 8 ohm load
All voice coils wired in series
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_8ohm.gif

Apr 12, 2010 | Kicker CVR12 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

How do i hook up kicker solo baric in the box


Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 0.5 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1/2 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_05ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 2 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 2 or 1 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_2ohm.gif
Option 3 (series) = 8 ohm load
All voice coils wired in series
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_8ohm.gif Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 1 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_1ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 4 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_4ohm.gif

Apr 10, 2010 | Kicker Solo-Baric L5 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

How do i install my L5 solo barics to a 2 channel amp if there is only one connection on the enclosure next to the vent? If I bridge the amp to 1x1000W will the power distribute evenly between both...


Option 1 (parallel) = 2 ohm load
Speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 2 or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_svc_2ohm.gif
Option 2 (series) = 8 ohm load
Speakers wired in series
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_svc_8ohm.gif
Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 1 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_1ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 4 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_dvc_4ohm.gif Option 1 (parallel/parallel) = 0.5 ohm load
Voice coils wired in parallel, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 1/2 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_05ohm.gif
Option 2 (series/parallel) = 2 ohm load
Voice coils wired in series, speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 2 or 1 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_2ohm.gif
Option 3 (series) = 8 ohm load
All voice coils wired in series
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_2ohm_dvc_8ohm.gif
Option 1 (parallel) = 2 ohm load
Speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 2 or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_svc_2ohm.gif
Option 2 (series) = 8 ohm load
Speakers wired in series
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_svc_8ohm.gif
Option 1 (parallel) = 2 ohm load
Speakers wired in parallel
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 2 or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_svc_2ohm.gif
Option 2 (series) = 8 ohm load
Speakers wired in series
Recommended Amplifier: Stable at 4, 2, or 1 ohm mono 2_4ohm_svc_8ohm.gif

Apr 09, 2010 | Kicker Solo-Baric L5 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

How 2 wire 3 jl audio w6 v2


Hello mikey4569mky,

Unless your amp is stable below 1 ohm, there's really only one wiring solution. And that is to series the voice coils making each sub 8 ohms, then parallel all 3 subs to the amp for a 2.67 ohm load. If you parallel the voice coils and then parallel the subs, the impedance will be 0.67 ohms, much too low for most amps.

You could parallel the voice coils and then series the subs for a 6 ohm load, but the amp won't put as many watts into a 6 ohm load. Most are optimized for 4 ohms or 2 ohms. And it's not good to run subs in series anyway.

Here's the wiring diagram.

Hope this helps.

Sep 13, 2009 | Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

2 Answers

Dual voice coil wiring to class d amp


The easiest way to think of wiring voice coils and subs is this:
  • Two items of the same impedance in parallel = Half of the impedance
    • 4 ohms in parallel with 4 ohms = 2 ohms
    • 8 ohms in parallel with 8 ohms = 4 ohms
  • Two items of the same impedance in series = Double the impedance
    • 4 ohms in series with 4 ohms = 8 ohms
    • 8 ohms in series with 8 ohms = 16 ohms
In this case, you want to wire two subs, each with dual 4 ohms voice coils, so that the total equals 2 ohms. Your options are:
  • DVCs in parallel, 2 subs in series = 4 ohms
  • DVCs in series, 2 subs in parallel = 4 ohms
  • DVCs in parallel, 1 sub = 2 ohms
With two, dual 4 ohm subs, you can only have 1 ohm or 4 ohm total impedance.

Mar 16, 2008 | Car Audio & Video

2 Answers

Speaker connections


This is a single channel amp that puts out about the same power at 4 Ohms or 2 Ohms. If you have two 4 Ohm single voice coil subs, then wire them parallel (both pos and both neg) to achieve 2 ohms. If you have two dual 4 Ohm voive coils, you want to do a series - parallel config to get to 4 Ohms (voice coils in series, then parallel the subs). Same with DVC 2 Ohm subs, series parallel = 2 Ohms. Do NOT go below two Ohms. You will blow the amp (actually, it'll do 1.5 Ohms). If you happen to have 2 Ohm single voice coil subs (not as likely) run them in series. Most amps will put out about twice as much power at 2 Ohms vs. 4, but this amp is designed to put out about the same. Hope this helps!

Feb 12, 2008 | Jl Audio 500/1 Car Audio Amplifier

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