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My ASROCK P4V88 motherboard continues to reboot with Windows XP Home - SP-2. I get all type of system error at boot up. I have purchased a new processor (Intel 3.0 GHz). I have purchased the recommended memroy (4-512mb @DDR400 (PC400). Now in addition to the rebooting, the system will not run all four sticks (just 2). Any ideas. Certainly appreciate it. Gene

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- try updating the Bios of your systemboard

Posted on Sep 18, 2008

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How to fix a NTLDR is missing error


Fixes for NTLDR Errors
  1. Restart the PC. The NTLDR error could be a fluke.

  2. Check your floppy and optical (CD/DVD/BD) drives for media and disconnect any external drives. Often times, the "NTLDR is Missing" error will appear if your PC is trying to boot to a non-bootable floppy disk, CD/DVD/BD, or external hard drive or flash drive.

    Note: If you find that this is the cause of your problem and it's happening a lot, you might want to consider changing the boot order in BIOS so the hard drive with Windows installed is listed first.

  3. Check the hard drive and other drive settings in BIOS and ensure they are correct. The BIOS configuration tells the computer how to use a drive so incorrect settings can cause problems, including NTLDR errors.

    Note: There is usually an Auto setting for hard drive and optical drive configurations in BIOS which is usually a safe bet if you're not sure what to do.

  4. Restore the NTLDR and ntdetect.com files from the Windows XP CD. Restoring these two important system files from the original Windows XP CD may do the trick.

  5. Repair or replace the boot.ini file. This will prevent the NTLDR error if the cause of the problem is a boot.ini file that is not configured properly for your Windows XP installation.

  6. Write a new partition boot sector to the Windows XP system partition. If the partition boot sector has become corrupt or isn't properly configured, you may receive the "NTLDR is Missing" error.

  7. Repair the Windows XP master boot record. NTLDR error messages may also appear if the master boot record is corrupt.

  8. Reseat all internal data and power cables. NTLDR error messages could be caused by loose or malfunctioning IDE cables.

    Try replacing the IDE cable cable if you suspect it might be faulty.

  9. Update your motherboard's BIOS. Occasionally, an outdated BIOS version can cause the "NTLDR is Missing" error.

  10. Perform a repair installation of Windows XP. This type of installation should replace any missing or corrupt files. Continue troubleshooting if this does not resolve the issue.

  11. Perform a clean installation of Windows XP. This type of installation will completely remove Windows XP from your PC and install it again from scratch. While this will almost certainly resolve any NTLDR errors, it is a time consuming process due to the fact that all of your data must be backed up and then later restored.

    If you can't gain access to your files to back them up, understand that you will lose them all if you continue with a clean installation of Windows XP.

  12. Replace the hard drive and then perform a new installation of Windows XP. If all else has failed, including the clean installation from the last step, you're most likely facing a hardware issue with your hard drive.

Apr 06, 2012 | HP Pavilion 513n (P9850A#ABA) PC Desktop

Tip

Boot problems and their possible causes & resolutions


Symptoms:
Black screen
"Invalid Partition Table"
"Error loading operating system"
"Missing operating system"


Cause:
Corrupt Master Boot Record (MBR)

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixmbr" to repair the MBR

--

Symptoms:
"A disk read error occurred"
"NTLDR is missing"
"NTLDR is compressed"


Cause:
Corrupt boot sector

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixboot" to repair the boot sector

--

Symptoms:
"BOOT.INI is missing or corrupt"
"Boot device inaccessible"
"Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
<Windows root>\system32\hal.dll"


Cause:
BOOT.INI missing, corrupt or out of date as a partition has been inserted

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "bootcfg /rebuild" to repair the BOOT.INI

--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM"


Cause:
Corrupt/missing system hive

Resolution:
1. Boot into Recovery Console and run "chkdsk C: /f" to check the system disk for errors and fix them, then reboot.
2. If the error continues and System Restore is enabled, copy the system hive from the last restore point into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
3. If the error continues, copy the system hive from \WINDOWS\REPAIR into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
4. If the error continues, perform a repair installation by booting from the Windows installation media


--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start because of a computer disk hardware configuration problem.
Could not read from the selected boot disk, Check boot path and disk hardware."


Cause:
Boot volume (with Windows folder) is not accessible as defined in BOOT.INI

Resolution:
Check the boot volume is accessible

--

Symptoms:
Dual-boot 32-bit Windows and 64-bit Windows system reports "NTOSKRNL.EXE is corrupt" trying to boot into 64-bit Windows

Cause:
System volume contains an older boot loader than the boot volume requires - e.g. XP SP2 installed after XP x64

Resolution:
Copy NTDETECT.COM and NTLDR from XP x64 installation media to the root of the system volume

on May 03, 2010 | PC Desktops

2 Answers

Error message "load needed dlls for kernel"


1. Insert the Microsoft Windows XP CD. Note: If you have a recovery CD or a restore CD and not a Microsoft Windows XP CD it is likely the below steps will not resolve your issue. 2. Reboot the computer, as the computer is starting you should see a message to press any key to boot from the CD. When you see this message press any key. 3. In the Microsoft Windows XP setup menu press the R key to enter the recovery console. 4. Select the operating system you wish to fix, and then enter the administrator password. 5. Type expand d:\i386\ntoskrnl.ex_ c:\windows\system32 6. You will then be prompted if you wish to overwrite the file type Y and press enter to overwrite the file. 7. Type exit to reboot the computer.

Mar 05, 2011 | Acer PC Desktops

1 Answer

Boots up but goes to the xp screen and then shuts down and restarts. what do i do?


You will need your XP CD to run a Repair install.

1. Boot the computer using the XP CD. You may need to change the boot order in the system BIOS so the CD boots before the hard drive. Check your system documentation for steps to access the BIOS and change the boot order.
2. When you see the "Welcome To Setup" screen, you will need to press enter to setup Windows XP.
3. To setup Windows XP now and Repair Install, press ENTER. DO NOT choose "To repair a Windows XP installation using the Recovery Console, press R".
4. Accept the License Agreement and Windows will search for existing Windows installations.
5. Select the XP installation you want to repair from the list and press R to start the repair. If Repair is not one of the options, END setup. After the reboot read the fix at the end of this post.
6. Setup will copy the necessary files to the hard drive and reboot. Do not press any key to boot from CD when the message appears. Setup will continue as if it were doing a clean install, but your applications and settings will remain intact.


If you don't have an option to repair, try this:

1. Boot with XP CD.
2. Press R to load the Recovery Console.
3. Login to the Recovery Console using your Admin password if needed.
4. Type bootcfg
5. This should fix any boot.ini errors causing setup not to see the XP installation.
6. Try the repair install again.

If the Repair is still not an option, try the following:

1. Boot with XP CD.
2. Press R to load the Recovery Console.
3. Login to the Recovery Console using your Admin password if needed.
4. If the CD letter is K: give these commands

* copy K:\i386\ntldr C:\
* copy K:\i386\ntdetect.com C:\

While still in the Recovery Console, try this as well:

1. Type: attrib -h -r -s C:\boot.ini del C:\boot.ini
2. Type: BootCfg /Rebuild
3. Now Restart and try the Repair Install again.

Feb 23, 2011 | Gateway 704GE PC Desktop

1 Answer

Have acer aspire one, when started got screen saying file missing or corrupt window root system 32 hal.dll, nothing else cannot bring up safe mode do not have windows xp cd, in nursing home cannot afford...


I am going to start with the assumption you have already tried to reboot, then next choices from there go kinda like this...

Run windows XP restore from command prompt. (From safe ,mode type C:\windows\system32\restore\rstrui.exe and press Enter. If this doesn't work or you're receiving the hal.dll error message before you're able to complete this process, move on to the next step.

Replace the boot.ini file (run msconfig) This will work if the cause of the problem is actually Windows XP's boot.ini file and not the hal.dll file, which is often times the case.


Note: If repairing the boot.ini does correct the hal.dll issue but the problem reappears after a reboot and you've recently installed Internet Explorer 8 in Windows XP, uninstall IE8. In this specific situation, IE8 could be the root cause of your hal.dll problem.

Right click on c: drive, click on properties, then tools, click on the error checking button, the put a checkmark in each box, Click start and it may say it needs to run on next reboot click OK the reboot. The physical part of your hard drive that stores any part of the hal.dll file has been damaged, you're likely to see errors like this.


Run a repair install of the operating system. This type of installation should replace any missing or corrupt files. Continue troubleshooting if this does not resolve the issue.

Nov 29, 2010 | PC Desktops

3 Answers

Windows XP won't start


for that you need winxp bootabler disk.
Tehn boot your computer with tht and go to recoverry console.
Then type in command prompt "chkdsk /r"
then press "y"
then it fixc error on harddisk.
Then after completing it restart your computer and boot with harddisk then it ok.

Jun 20, 2009 | PC Desktops

1 Answer

Internet explorer will not allow to go to secure settings


Cause:
  1. Keyboard issue
  2. Miscellaneous corruption
  3. Corrupt boot.ini file.
  4. Missing boot.ini file.
  5. Missing or corrupt ntoskrnl.exe file.
  6. Windows NT installed on a partition bigger then 7.8GB
  7. Corrupted hard disk drive or severely corrupted Windows
Solutions

Before trying any of the below recommendations it's recommend that you attempt to load the last known good configuration.(this can be done by tapping the F8 key while booting and selecting last known good configuration)

  1. Insert the Microsoft Windows XP CD into the computer. Note: If you have a system recovery CD or restore CD (not a Microsoft CD) these steps will likely not work for your computer.
  2. Reboot the computer with the CD and press any key when prompted to press any key to boot from the CD.
  3. Once in the Microsoft Setup menu press R to open the recovery console.
  4. Select the operating system you wish to use; if you only have Windows XP on the computer you will only have one prompt.
  5. Once prompted for the password enter the Admin password and press enter.
  6. Once at the command prompt type bootcfg /rebuild to start the rebuild process.
  7. The rebuild process will step you through a number of steps depending upon how many operating systems you have on the computer and how the computer is setup. Below is a listing of the common steps you are likely going to encounter.

    * Prompt for the identified versions of Windows installed. When you receive this prompt press Y if the bootcfg command properly identified each of the Windows operating systems installed on the computer. It is important to realize this command will only detect Windows XP, Windows 2000, and Windows NT installations.

    * Prompt to enter the load identifier. This is the name of the operating system for the boot.ini. For example, Microsoft Windows XP Home users would enter "Microsoft Windows XP Home edition".

    * Prompt to Enter OS load options. When this prompt is received type /fastdetect to automatically detect the available options.

  8. Once you have completed all the available options in the rebuild and are back at the prompt type exit to reboot the computer.
If the ntoskrnl.exe file is corrupt or missing this can also generate the error. To restore this file follow the below steps.
  1. Insert the Microsoft Windows XP CD. Note: If you have a recovery CD or a restore CD and not a Microsoft Windows XP CD it is likely the below steps will not resolve your issue.
  2. Reboot the computer, as the computer is starting you should see a message to press any key to boot from the CD. When you see this message press any key.
  3. In the Microsoft Windows XP setup menu press the R key to enter the recovery console.
  4. Select the operating system you wish to fix, and then enter the administrator password.
  5. Type expand d:\i386\ntoskrnl.ex_ c:\windows\system32
  6. You will then be prompted if you wish to overwrite the file type Y and press enter to overwrite the file.
  7. Type exit to reboot the computer
Attempt to check the hard disk drive for any errors by running the chkdsk error. To do this follow the below steps.
  1. Insert the Microsoft Windows XP CD. Note: If you have a recovery CD or a restore CD and not a Microsoft Windows XP CD it is likely the below steps will not resolve your issue.
  2. Reboot the computer, as the computer is starting you should see a message to press any key to boot from the CD. When you see this message press any key.
  3. In the Microsoft Windows XP setup menu press the R key to enter the recovery console.
  4. Select the operating system you wish to fix, and then enter the administrator password.
  5. Once at the recovery console type chkdsk /r
  6. Once completed type exit and see if issue is resolved.

Jun 04, 2009 | Gateway GT5656 Desktop PC

7 Answers

Computer keeps rebooting every 30 seconds. Whats Wrong?


Your computer could be infected. Press F8 a couple of times when you first turn on your computer when you see the HP logo. You will get whats called an advanced startup menu. Choose Last Known Good Configuration. If windows loads successfully, scan your computer with Anti-Virus and Anti-Spyware programs to remove infections. If windows does not load, do the above again but this time choose Disable Automatic Restart. By choosing Disable Automatic Restart the system will give you a blue screen. Write down that information from the blue screen and post it back on here.

Nov 12, 2008 | HP Media Center PC 873n (P9875A#ABA) PC...

1 Answer

XP Reboots by itself on arrival of login screen


have you tried safe mode? if safe mode is still a failure, you have no choice but to reformat 1 of those drives an do a clean installation of windows xp

Mar 17, 2008 | PC Desktops

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