Question about Brother XR-31 Mechanical Sewing Machine

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How to adjust the thread

Please a friend just lend me her new, she has never used it since new,could mean a few years ,has no user manual  Brother sewing machine and I dont understand how to set it to start sewing, I thread it but need to adjust to start.  The machine has  three wheels on top
My email is eglezberg2@yahoo.com   if someone can help

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Here is the user manual from which I will quote
ftp://ftp.brother.ca/ENGLISH/SEWINGMACHINE/XR31-UG.pdf
Page 19 has how to adjust the tension of the thread
There should be dial to which you can turn to adjust up or down your tension , use a piece of scrap fabric to ensure it is set at the right tension that you need ..
The upper thread tenison wheel is located on the left side of the machine above the needle ( top/front of machine shown on their diagram of the machine as #5 )

Posted on Sep 17, 2008

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Adjust thread tension


Looking at a pic of this model, there are two dials on it. One near the top, one much closer to the needle. I believe the tension dial is the one that's close to the needle.

I don't quite understand what the problem is with the stitches from your description, but first try the tension dial. Reset it to zero and then try each setting, one by one, to see what happens.

If stitches are still wrong, a few things always to try when there are stitch problems. Clean well around the bobbin case, remove all lint. Do this often anyway, it's not good to let lint build up.
Try a new needle and a new spool of thread. Rethread the machine, a few times if need be. Try a new bobbin too, or wind a new bobbin to try from a new spool.

Try to get a manual for this machine. If Brother no longer has manuals, there are many sites that sell manuals for many machines. A manual can be your best friend when there are problems.

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try adjusting the top thread tension
here are some link for a manual
http://www.brother-usa.com/ModelDocuments/Consumer/Users%20Manual/UM_LS_2125_EN_272.PDF

http://www.brother-usa.com/ModelDocuments/Consumer/Users%20Manual/UM_LS_2125i_EN_1628.PDF

Skipped stitches
1. The needle is not inserted correctly
Remove needle & reinsert needle( flat side towards the back of machine)
2. The needle is damaged
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3. The wrong size needle is being used
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4. The foot not attached correctly
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1 Answer

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here are 2 free manual for the machine choose which one is correct
for the model, when the top thread is loose you have to adjust the
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information is not in the manual then the machine would have to
be taken to a repair shop for the adjustment
http://www.brother-usa.com/ModelDocuments/Consumer/Users%20Manual/UM_LS_2125_EN_272.PDF

http://www.brother-usa.com/ModelDocuments/Consumer/Users%20Manual/UM_LS_2125i_EN_1628.PDF

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You really need a replacement manual and Brother is excellent about providing them. Go to http://www.brother-usa.com/manuals/ if your machine was sold in the U.S. If not, you'll need to contact Brother International.

Loose thread and jams usually mean the tension needs adjusting. If the loose threads are on the underside of the fabric, it means that the tension on the top thread is too loose. Be sure to have the pressure foot down when you adjust the tension and only move the dial a tiny bit at a time. Also, when you begin sewing, hold the top and bobbin threads securely in your left hand for the first few stitches. That bit of tautness helps prevent 'birds nests'.

Hope this helps!

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