I saw your replies to some users and I was wondering if you could explain something to me. I recently tried an f65. Before I have only tried a completely manual SLR and loved it. Therefore, the automatic mode kind of confuses me. As one other user, after only a couple shots the camera showed an FEE message in the upper right corner of the screen. I had just gotten new batteries so it was a surprise. I thought it might have been the film but everything was fine there. You advised to others to check their speed was set to the highest (22). I had been used to setting up everything manually, so I don't understand what happens if I set it to the highest setting. What if I need different speeds, will it self-adjust? How do I change them if I can't do it manually? Please help! I am very confused.
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Re: f65 shutter speed question
The lens must be set to F/22 on that model so the camer can set the aperture. Setting it to 22 tells the camera it is ready, so the camera can actually set the proper f/stop according to the light level. You can set the aperture yourself using the control knobs on the camera - in manual settings. In Aperture, or Shutter settings, you can set the aperture or shutter speed and the camera will set the right exposure. On Program, the camera sets both aperture and shutter.
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It's not clear from your question that this is actually a problem as you haven't said what the display is doing to cause you problems actually using the camera.
What is certain is that it's supposed to display a F number in the viewfinder. Along the bottom of the display will be a number (shutter speed), an F number (aperture setting, when in auto or shutter priority modes this may not exactly match what's set on the lens), and moving bar + - scale too indicate over (+) or under (-) exposure.
If you really don't know what the F number is nor what it's for then you need to read both a good photography for beginners guide and also the camera manual. Explaining the relationship between shutter speeds, aperture settings and film speeds in any truly meaningful way here is beyond the limited scope of FixYa as whole books are devoted to the subject, but you only need a few pages and pictures from the available publications to get a good idea.
You can download a free user guide for your camera at the address below. It's for a Nikon F60, but it's identical to the your camera which was called the N60 in North America to distinguish it from unofficial imports.
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If the lens has an aperture ring, it must be locked at the mininum aperture (largest F/number). In PSAM modes use the command dial (possibly in conjunction with the exposure compensation button) to change shutter speed/aperture.
OM-20 was basically a upgraded OM-10 with the manual adapter built in and a number of other refinements.
The viewfinder has LED's to show the shutter speed recommended by the camera's lightmeter for the ISO and aperture selected. It also has an exposure compensation indicator (the +/- symbol) and an indicator for flash ready which doubles up as a post-exposure flash confirmation. There is also the indicator lamp to show manual mode has been selected. OM-10 lacks the manual mode lamp and the +/- indicator.
Like the OM-10, the OM-20 is primarily an aperture priority automatic camera. In this mode you set the ISO film speed, choose which aperture you wish to use (with the ability to use the lens depth of field preview button) and then the camera selects the correct shutter speed. The +/- exposure compensation control allows the user to tell the camera to modify the recommended shutter speed by up to two stops either way.
In manual mode, there is no manual metering. The light meter behaves exactly as it does in aperture priority mode and the viewfinder shows the recommended shutter speed and not the manually selected one. Correct metering is therefore a case of adjusting the aperture first, and then choosing the correct shutter speed indicated in the viewfinder. If the user then decides to select a different shutter speed, then the aperture ring must be adjusted to maintain the correct exposure. For example the aperture is set to f8 and the camera recommends 1/60th of a second. The user decides that a faster shutter speed is required and chooses 1/250th, but the viewfinder remains showing 1/60th. In order to keep the same exposure value the user must open the aperture by two full stops to f4. The camera's light meter will detect the new aperture setting and providing the light on the object is unchanged the viewfinder shutter speed display should now show 1/250th as well to confirm the correct adjustment. Alternatively, the user can choose the shutter speed first by looking at what has been set on the control ring (or by turning the ring to the end of its travel and then counting the clicks from there as all experienced OM users do) and then turning the aperture ring until the shutter speed shown in the viewfinder matches what's been manually set.
It all sounds clumsy and complex but is done far more quickly than I've taken to type this and becomes second nature.
Aperture priority metering is selected on the camera by choosing AUTO on the mode selecter. In this mode the shutter speed ring has no effect and the viewfinder always displays the automatically selected shutter speed.
Do you mean that, you press the shutter release once and the shutter stays open until you press the shutter release a second time. If so, check your shutter speed setting. If it is set to "T" (Timed Exposure) the camera is working correctly. Change your shutter speed to an appropriate setting, such as 1/125. If that does not solve the problem, you might need to take it in for repair.
Since you have been taking photos in one of the other modes, say shutter or aperture mode you may have changed the F-stop in the process, check to see that the ring is set back for auto mode by aligning the red numbers (ususally F-22) to the white dot on the lens, that way when the camera in auto needs more light the lens will open enough to allow it. Test it with the metering in the viewfinder you'll see it as you change to each number. Remember both the lens and camera are communicating with each other. Not allowing the shutter to release is kind of a safety.
Sounds like you have been shooting in one of the manual modes, make sure if you have been trying different F-stops to change the aperture ring back to it's auto position (red numbers F-22 usually) to align with the white dot on the lens. That way the camera and lens can agree on the amount of light needed and how much the shutter will open to allow light in. The camera won't take the shot if it is way off (kind of a safety). Use the viewfinder to learn what combinations the camera needs for a particular shot so you can be familiar with the speed and aperture settings, try them in one of the manual modes and you will be pleasantly surprised with the results. Soon you won't shoot as much in auto mode.