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GPU SOLDER Whats up Gamefixer? My heat gun came today so I'm set to reflow the solder on the gpu. One ? though.... Do I heat up the top of it or on the bottom? Figured I better check before I start. Thanks

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I would do both. Just keep the gun moving to keep from scorching the board. Also after heating one side, let it cool completely before doing the other side. You may even want to test it before doing the other side. Good luck!!!

Posted on Sep 12, 2008


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How do i fix error code 0023 on xbox 360.

This is a confirmed error code on either the GPU or CPU(most of the time the GPU). Your console got way to hot and cooled off, got way too hot and cooled off etc etc a multitude of times and created hair line fractures in the .06mm solder balls under either the CPU or GPU. Microsoft really screwed the pooch on first(white/phat) generation consoles by three things. Bad heat sink design for both the CPU and GPU, Bad tin/lead solder combination, and bad airflow. To resolve this you would either have to send the motherboard into microsoft to have both the CPU and the GPU undergo a process which is called reflow, AFTER both were lifted from the motherboard and replaced with a higher quality solder AND THEN upgrade the heatsinks to something of higher quality. I even go the extra mile on these things and dremil out a large hole on the top of the case to duplicate a fan install that you see present in the black models.

Sep 11, 2014 | Microsoft Xbox 360 Console


Why the X-Clamp fix is useless - How to really fix the RROD

If you Google “Xbox 360 RROD” you will find countless web sites about the “X-clamp fix”.

Every web sites you find will say “MS screwed up only have the x-clamps hold the heatsinks on”

But if you have disassembled your Xbox 360, then you should think about that! All the X-clamps do is hold the heatsinks to the circuit board so that it’s easier to put the screws in!
The black screws hold the heatsinks in place, and when those are in there is no “wiggle” of the system.

The only reason some people report success with the X-clamp fix is that they “bake” the GPU. This is really what is fixing the system, NOT the bolt replacement.

The “baking” involves having the fan run on top of the CPU so the system doesn’t overheat, but the GPU gets very hot and this “reflows” the solder.

Reflowing is THE ONLY THING that will fix this problem.

There are several methods of reflowing. Here they are:
1. The “towel trick” – Wrap your system in a towel so it gets hot and reflows. This is dangerous because you have no control over what components get hot!

2. The “fan trick” - Stick something in the left fan so that it does not spin. This causes the GPU to overheat and reflow itself, while keeping the rest of the system cooler. This is still not ideal but much better than the towel trick!

3. Heatgun reflow – With the system disassembled, Wave a heatgun over the GPU for 40-60 seconds. This method is better because it offers localized heat only.

4. Hot air/Infrared Reflow – This involves using a rework station to reflow the solder. Ideally, flux is used to make the solder “stick” better.

All of these methods can potentially fix the RROD, but none will PREVENT it from happening again!

There are several ways you can improve the cooling of your system to prevent the RROD from ever happening again!

1. Buy an external fan. Stay away from the ones that use the Xbox 360 power connector. A USB or self powered fan are best.

2. Run the system without it’s case – Not pretty, but it works!

3. Cut the metal mesh out from behind the fans. The air being forced through those holes can really limit the air flow.

4. Replace the fan with a better one. A Talismoon whisper quiet fan moves 48 CFM (cubic feet per minute) while the stock fan only moves 29 CFM

5. Add an internal fan – Requires some soldering skills – The most common place to add a fan is on the GPU header. This is the heatpipe that extends from the GPU heatsink in front of the CPU (not all models have this heat pipe). Attach an INTAKE fan here. To be really effective you need to either cut a hole into your case or drills lots of small holes. If you do a good job, it looks great! Also requires soldering the 12v and ground wires to an appropriate spot – Google can help you find one!

So to summarize:
Replacing the X-clamps does NOTHING except cause you headaches.
Reflowing the GPU in 90% of cases is what’s needed.
Preventative maintenance of some sort is required to keep your system running. In other words, better cooling.

on May 18, 2010 | Video Game Consoles & Games

1 Answer

I reflowed my motherboard but didn't flux it. the ylod was fixed for around 3 hours. it has come back on. am going to try and reflow again tonight. should i flux it if so where do i put the flux. also is...

Hi there. I use flux every time I do a reflow. The reason for this is that it helps the molten solder flow much better and stops oxidation of the solder which can cause bad solder joints. The whole point of a reflow is to "mend" the hairline cracks that have appeared in the solder under the GPU and the CPU. Without flux this is harder to do. As to where you put the flux, you need to actually put around 4-5 drops on one side of the GPU and CPU and then tilt the motherboard so it runs underneath the chips. Do that for each side. Do not worry if the flux goes on other components, if you use "no clean" flux this is fine and will not do any damage. You basically need to make sure that the GPU and CPU are thoroughly "wet" underneath them where they are soldered onto the motherboard.

If a second reflow does not work or the fan speed increases to maximum after only being on for a short time then it is highly likely that the GPU or CPU have actually been permanently damaged from either the reflow or the original overheating. Only a replacement is going to fix this.

Also make sure you hold the air gun about an inch away from the chips for around 20 seconds. If you have a heat gun you can set to around 300 degrees celsius, all the better. If your heat gun is one that does not have adjustable heat settings, be very careful how long you heat the GPU and CPU up for. More heat means less time heating the chips

Hope this helps

Feb 12, 2011 | Sony Playstation 3 (PS3) Console

1 Answer


The problem is the tin/silver solder connections
under the G.P.U.. The heat generated by the
G.P.U has warp the board slightly and literley
pulled the connections right off the P.C. board

The best type of repair to have the G.P.U
reflowed (re soldered) and a replacement of the
heatsink compound and a the installing of a
heaver gage hold down bracket for G.P.U
( hardware up grade)

cost will very 90-150 so shop around for
someone local and check customer reviews.

option 2 is much riskier it involves you
attempting to reflow the chip set yourself
with a heat gun. it is doable but you
need a good Hi temp digital thermometer
and heat shielding for heat sensitive parts.
it's kind of a two man operation , one
watches the clock as the other heats up
the chips.

I don't recommend this unless you have
had a little practice.

If you have any questions feel free to ask


Jan 14, 2011 | Sony Playstation 3 (PS3) Console

1 Answer

Blinking red light then yelow.

This is called the yellow light of death. It is similar to the xbox red rings. As the console heats up the solder on the mainboard becomes fluid and the cpu and gpu can come off from the board. There are a few ways to fix it, the most popular seems to be to reflow the solder by heating the board up (delicately!) with 600C heat gun. Also cleaning the processors with turps and reapplying the right amount of thermal paste. Here is a disassembly guide and this seems a good guide for reflowing with videos hope this helps

Nov 27, 2010 | Sony Playstation 3 (PS3) Console

1 Answer

My computer screen flickered several times and then turned black. i turned it off and tried to turn it on again. it will turn on and the sound works but the screen is still black

you have a GPU that is cold jointed (bad soldering from cycling heat and cold stress) you must reflow the graphic card

first try connecting an external monitor, if it works it's the LCD panel need's to be replaced

if you have the same problem with the external monitor you have a GPU that needs REFLOWING find a company that can REFLOW the graphic card (re heat the board to re solder the GPU)

Have fun!

Nov 07, 2010 | Dell Precision M2300 Computer Workstation ...

1 Answer

My Xbox cuts on fine but once I start my game it goes into a fuzzed screen, but when I cut it back on it works. So basically i can't play my games. Its not the games though, its the Xbox.

Yes, you are correct the console if failing not the drive or the game.
The problem is Two fold first is silver solder similar to plumbing solder
was used in place of lead solder , as the board expands and contracts the connections under the G.P.U. start to break free from
the board causing 1 red 3 red no video graphic errors ( everything)

The best ( most durable ) repair is to have the G.P.U. reflowed (resoldered) now it's fix but not repaired . So to prevent it from
happening again the G.P.U. needs to be firmly secured and
will in most case eliminate G.P.U. errors . The hardware needed
to do this is called Conformal Compression Assembly ( G.P.U. clamp) . just google " Conformal Compression Assembly " if
you would like more info .

if you have any questions feel free to ask.


Oct 06, 2010 | Microsoft Xbox 360 Console

1 Answer

Xbox has no picture"

Hello my name is Tim Ehrhart and it sounds like you have a cold solder short on the gpu. You need to use a heat gun to heat the processer up to reflow the solder. You need to shield the caps ( tall parts on the pcb ) from the heat as if they get too hot they pop. You cand see the solder you are reflowing as it is under the GPU processer chip ( the one under the short heatsink ), but it wouldnt hurt to reflow both processers. I hope this helps you, it does for me.

Mar 19, 2009 | Microsoft Xbox 360 Console

5 Answers

IBM Thinkpad t40 black screen

Chips DO get loose and what you're experiencing is a common problem with IBM T40's. The solder that holds the graphics processor to the motherboard is cracked and no longre consistantly makes a good connection. This problem can only permanently be resolved with a new motherboard, or reflowing the solder of the GPU chip on the old one with a heat gun. Do a search for "thinkpad solder reflow" in any search engine.

Good luck.

Mar 28, 2008 | IBM ThinkPad T40 2373 Notebook

2 Answers

No display--

hp dv2 this a monitor?

Mar 07, 2008 | HP Pavilion Notebook

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