How do I go about setting the focus and color inside using the 6 knobs? I just replaced the IC's and I tried adjusting the focus prior to replacing the IC's. Now I need them back to factory settings. Thanks!
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Re: Setting color and focus inside case
The only way to do that is by eye. To Adjust the screen controls the best thing to do is turn them all down then slowly adjust one up until you get retrace lines (arched lines across the tv) then turn it down until the lines re not visible then go about 1/4 turn more, repeat this for the 2 remaining colors, after that its just done to eye for the best color. if you are still having trouble getting the color right you can go in the menu to the video settings and turn the color all the way down then you will have a black and white picture and you can adjust for a perfect black and white picture then turn the color back up in the menu.
As for the focus controls its best done by covering 2 of the tubes so you only have one color on the screen then adjusting to the best looking focus for that color. then repeat this for the other 2 tubes.
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If you mean smearing when you say shadow then your problem may not be the convergence.
The blue tube may be faulty(weak), try to play with the contrast and brightness levels and if that smear varies with the adjustment then your problem is most likely the tube, in some case there might be a problem with the screen supply(voltage) or the drive circuit.
you need to adjust the screen voltage. behind the front grille and inside cover. a small black box 6 adjusters protruding from it. only adjust the the color counterclockwise that matches the problem in this case it's the green so look for the knob with "G" marked by it. there are 2 with "g" marked by them the row across the top of the box are for focus don't adjust. back the knob off untill the raster is blank with your input set to an inactive input, the picture should be blank and black.
when it is you have the adjuster close to where it should be, now change the input to an active signal and turn the color off so that you wil have black and white picture. adjust that knob untill you do have a truely black and white picture not too green or red or blue. go back to inactive video input and check that there are no lines of any color on the screen. repeat if needed. always adjust these knobs slowly the set will be watching you ! if your autofocus won't work now you have the adjustment set too low. check this function before putting back together again. these adjustments can be real touchy so be patient
If the red LED blinks 5 times you have a AKB error. It is caused by the CRTs trying to balance the color, and failing. Its an annoying problem that happens when the CRTs get old. If its just beginning you can balance or slightly turn up the screen voltage to the CRTs to remove the problem, if its in the end stages, the CRTs may need to be replaced. This is however, very expensive. If you are daring and safe around high voltage, pop off the speaker grille, open the front panel up and find the focus block. Don't poke around! those big red wires have 30,000 volts running through them! The focus block is a black square box with six knobs on it. Three are labeled screen, three labeled focus. You will see each row labeled R, G, B for red green and blue. The writing is tiny. Mark all three screen knobs with a colored marker so you know where they started. Then turn each one up slightly. If you have a picture, put it to a black screen or blank input. Turn each knob up just unit you see the color over drive and turn it back down to black. You want to set it just below retrace to maintain black level but drive the CRT fully. Setting this is hard but may fix an AKB issue.
the spark sounds like he accidentally touched a couple of wires together with opposite charges with power coming from the capacitors.
The settings are unique to the tv and require a service manual to set them. The default settings should have been recorded before attempting any change. Service manuals can be expensive and it may be worth just taking it to a reputable tv technician that can fix it for you. Let me know of any other questions that you may have.
The problem you have there was a loss of vertical deflection followed by a complete failure of Q301, the vertical Ic LA7833S.
It may have been in part due to the feed caps located in that circuit and there will likely be NO outward signs of the failure.
The Ic needs to be replaced and the electrolytics in that circuit need to be measured with and ESR meter and replaced if bad.
If it's starting to sound a bit beyond your ability I strongly suggest having a qualified shop do this because you can overheat the vert Ic easily just soldering it in...
If you have a shop do it you might ask what they charge to replace the vertical Ic and ESR the caps in that circuit. Explain to them what you have here with regards to how it went out, dropping to a horizontal line before going completely dead... The more detail you can give the easier it will be for the tech to troubleshoot the problem.
The fact that you used the term "magic focus" tells me you have a Hitachi projection set. When the colors no longer line up on a Hitachi projection TV, it means that most likely one of the convergence output IC's has shorted out. Sometimes a shorted convergence output IC will burn up a low value resistor too. I have also seen a convergence IC crack loose from the board and burn up 3 low-value resistors. If your set is using the STK392-110 IC's, it is probably a good idea to go ahead and replace both IC's with the newer upgraded STK392-150 IC's. The output IC's should be resoldered / replaced and the circuits checked and realigned by a qualified tech familiar with Hitachi projection sets.