Tip & How-To about Refrigerators

REFRIDGERATOR NOT WORKING LETS CHECK IT OUT STEP BY STEP INSTRUCTIONS

Refrigerator not Working (getting Cold)
How To check the Refrigeration Mechanical Components


If compressor on your refrigerator is not working then you need to check the compressor windings, capacitor, and the starter components. I would be happy to walk you thru the steps of checking all of these you will need a few different tools to check the above listed components of your refrigerator.

Tools needed:
1. Slotted screw driver
2. Multi meter to measure resistance
3. Needle nose pliers

First thing you will want to do is unplug the unit in order to locate and remove the starter components from the unit. Be careful as if the compressor has been trying to run it may be really hot and the components are located on the side of the compressor (image at the bottom of the page) (check the compressor for hot temperature and let cool if hot).

To locate the starter components you want to look on the side of the compressor there is usually a little box that sticks out and has wires running to it. You will need to remove the cover to locate the starter components. You will want to remove the wires and label where they go top, left, right, etc. as they need to go back on the starter components in the same place.

Removing the starter components:
Once you remove the wires from the starter components your will need to remove the starter components. They are slid on the prongs from the compressor windings. To remove grasp firmly and pull away from the compressor, may require a little force (try to pull straight as not to damage the prongs).

Checking the Starter relay:
Once you have the starter relay shack the unit and see if you here it rattle. If you hear a rattle inside of the starter relay it is bad and needs replaced as the compressor can not start. You can purchase the starter components at any local appliance part dealer in your area.

Checking the Compressor Windings:
Where you pulled off the starter components you will notice three prongs sticking out these are the windings. You will need the multi meter to check resistance between the windings. You will notice that one is not in line with the others this is usually the common and the other two are the run and start. Most come the top prong by itself is the common, the left is start and the right is run.

You will want to check for resistance between common and run; common and start if either of these show no resistance then your compressor is bad and needs to be replaced.

Another test that you need to complete is a grounded winding test. You will want to connect one lead of your multi meter to any of the windings and to one of the copper lines of the compressor, if resistance is shown then again your compressor is bad. You will want to complete this test on all windings one at a time.

Checking the Capacitor:
The capacitor needs to be discharged before you do any tests. Be careful and do not touch the prongs until after it has been discharged as they do hold a high amount of voltage. To discharge you want to take a pair of pliers and remove the leads on the capacitor, then take a screw driver and hold between the prongs to discharge.

To Test you will need you meter set on resistance then touch one lead to each terminal the meter should jump up high and slowly move back to infinity where you started, then reverse the leads and should get the same reaction. If you do not get this reaction or do not get this reaction in both directions then the capacitor is bad and needs to be replaced. You can purchase a new capacitor at any local appliance parts dealer in your area.

If you find that the compressor is bad you will need a service technician to replace. However, in most cases the cost of replacing the compressor is not worth doing. Usually the cost is more than half the price of a new box with a warranty. So be cautions as to save money and headache do the road. My general idea is if the cost of fixing the unit costs more than half the cost of a new comparable model then it is better to get the new one with a warranty.

Thank you for choosing FixYa.com

Justinbur167

Posted by on

Refrigerators Logo

Related Topics:

Related Questions:

1 Answer

Freeze is not freezing


Good day!!!


If the refrigerator isn't cool, check to see if the light comes on when you open the door. Next check to see if the thermostat is set properly. If both of these are OK, then check to see if the compressor is running. See if the compressor motor is running. The compressor is in a case with no visible moving parts. It is usually located at the back of the refrigerator near the bottom. If it's humming, or making a steady noise, and your refrigerator is still not cooling properly, there could be a problem with one or more various components.
Refrigerators have either a mechanical defrost timer, or an ADC (Adaptive Defrost Control). If your refrigerator has a mechanical timer, set the cold control to the coldest setting and then advance the defrost timer. You can manually advance the timer with a screwdriver. Insert the screwdriver into the advancement pinion and turn clockwise a 1/4 to 3/8's of a turn. If the compressor starts, replace the defrost timer. For further help, you'll want to call a professional appliance repair technician.
Sometimes you can hear a click-buzz-click sound coming from the compressor. This is the relay/overload at work. If you hear this, power is getting to the compressor. If you do, something is wrong with either the compressor or the compressor starting components. If you have a newer model with solid-state starting components, you may not hear anything at all. If there is power to the starting components, you may be able to test each part and replace any bad parts. There is also a 3-in-1 unit that may work on your model which replaces all the components in one unit. If the compressor still won't start, you have a bad compressor and need to replace it. If it does start, wire the 3-in-1 part in permanently. Make sure the one you buy is rated for the horsepower of your appliance.
If you don't hear anything, you can take the cover off the side of the compressor and test for voltage at the two leads. If no voltage is present, it's time to check the cold control. To test if the cold control is bad, you can temporarily jump the two wires at the cold control. If you get power to the compressor after doing so, the cold control needs to be replaced.

I hope this information will be helpful..Thanks for using fixya

Sep 09, 2011 | GE GSS23SGSSS Stainless Steel Side by Side...

1 Answer

ice maker not working and frig dosen't seem to stay cold


Hi,

Many times a freezer and/or refrigerator do not work right because of a dirty condenser coil...there are also many other things that can go wrong.


If you are hearing a clicking or buzzing then check out the last two tips.

If your refrigerator is running but warm, then...

Check out these tips that I wrote about that... it is a great place to start trouble shooting your unit...and something that you can do rather then calling a repair person to do a simple thing for you...

Refrigerator Condenser Coil Cleaning Refrigerator Repair

Refrigerator Troubleshooting Refrigerator Compressor

Refrigerator Compressor Start Capacitor and Start Relay


Refrigerator or Freezer not Cooling or Getting Cold

heatman101

Dec 26, 2010 | GE Refrigeration 21.8 Cu. Ft. Top-Freezer...

1 Answer

Admiral refrigeration not freezing not cooling


This could be a defrost problem or fan not working all time when compressor is working. What is your model number so I can see what components your model has and then solve your refrigerator problem. Need you to answer so we can get you running, Sea Breeze

Oct 23, 2009 | Maytag Admiral Top-Freezer Refrigerator

1 Answer

Refrigerator not cooling.


If the refrigerator isn't cool, check to see if the light comes on when you open the door. Next check to see if the thermostat is set properly. If both of these are OK, then check to see if the compressor is running. See if the compressor motor is running. The compressor is in a case with no visible moving parts. It is usually located at the back of the refrigerator near the bottom. If it’s humming, or making a steady noise, and your refrigerator is still not cooling properly, there could be a problem with one or more various components.
Refrigerators have either a mechanical defrost timer, or an ADC (Adaptive Defrost Control). If your refrigerator has a mechanical timer, set the cold control to the coldest setting and then advance the defrost timer. You can manually advance the timer with a screwdriver. Insert the screwdriver into the advancement pinion and turn clockwise a 1/4 to 3/8’s of a turn. If the compressor starts, replace the defrost timer. For further help, you’ll want to call a professional appliance repair technician.
Sometimes you can hear a click-buzz-click sound coming from the compressor. This is the relay/overload at work. If you hear this, power is getting to the compressor. If you do, something is wrong with either the compressor or the compressor starting components. If you have a newer model with solid-state starting components, you may not hear anything at all. If there is power to the starting components, you may be able to test each part and replace any bad parts. There is also a 3-in-1 unit that may work on your model which replaces all the components in one unit. If the compressor still won’t start, you have a bad compressor and need to replace it. If it does start, wire the 3-in-1 part in permanently. Make sure the one you buy is rated for the horsepower of your appliance.
If you don’t hear anything, you can take the cover off the side of the compressor and test for voltage at the two leads. If no voltage is present, it’s time to check the cold control. To test if the cold control is bad, you can temporarily jump the two wires at the cold control. If you get power to the compressor after doing so, the cold control needs to be replaced.

Aug 13, 2009 | General Electric GTR16BBSR Top Freezer...

1 Answer

refrigeration repair


verify the condition of your condenser it's probably dirty. if so clean.

2nd compressor relay/overload probably failed. if you touch your condenser and if it isn't hot compressor isn't running.

3rd if it fridge uses a mechanical defrost timer, check that it runs it has a lille wheel that you can turn manually if you can't, suspect it fauly

any additional questions you can email me @ hvac.tech7872@gmail.com

Jun 08, 2008 | GE Â 17.9 Cu. Ft. Top-Freezer...

Not finding what you are looking for?

2,668 people viewed this tip

Ask a Question

Usually answered in minutes!

Top Refrigerators Experts

John Tripp
John Tripp

Level 3 Expert

4654 Answers

yadayada
yadayada

Level 3 Expert

75797 Answers

Brian Coughlan

Level 2 Expert

275 Answers

Are you a Refrigerator Expert? Answer questions, earn points and help others

Answer questions

Loading...