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How to check a hard drive for errors in Windows

Windows comes with many diagnostic, repair, and maintenance tools that can help you get the most life and best performance out of your computer. One of these tools is the hard drive error-checking utility.

Over time, your hard drive can develop problems, both with the physical disk itself as well as with corrupted areas of the file system. Running the error-checking utility can sometimes fix these problems, and if it can't fix them, it can at least identify and isolate them. It's a good idea to run error-checking once in a while to optimize your hard drive.

To run Windows error-checking, follow the steps below.

1. Click on the Start button (in Vista, click on the Vista orb) to bring up the Start menu.

2. Select My Computer (in Vista, select Computer).

3. Right click on the hard drive you want to scan for errors and select
Properties.

4. In the Disk Properties window, click on the Tools tab.

5. Under the "Error-checking" heading, click "Check Now...."

In the Check Disk window that appears, there are two options. You can run error-checking with neither, one, or both of those options selected, depending on how intensive a scan you want to run (and how long you have to wait). If you check the first option (Automatically fix file system errors) and click Start, you'll be prompted to restart your computer in order for the utility to able to run; you can either restart now or restart later, and when the computer boots back up, the check disk program will run.

The second option (Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors) can be run immediately, but it can take a lot of time to finish. The bad sector check has four phases, and you'll see a status bar to let you know how far along the check is. Only select this option if you don't need your computer for a while. If you are using a laptop, connect to an external power source before clicking Start to begin the scan.

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list of codes
http://www.fordwindstar.org/obd-codes/
you can get an ODB scanner off ebay or amazon.
You plug the ODB scanner into the OBD jack , The "OnBoard Diagnostic" (OBD) data port is under the dash on the drivers side - below the steering wheel. Either in the middle or off to the left.

I bought a bluetooth OBD scanner for my android phone, works well

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WINDOWS WILL NOT START - CANNOT START IS SAFE MODE OR ANY OTHER


OK try doing this below.
NOTE: A recovery also can be performed using recovery discs.
  1. Close all open programs and turn off the computer.
  2. Disconnect all network connections.
  3. Disconnect all peripheral devices.
  4. Turn on the computer.
  5. When the VAIO screen is displayed, press the F8 key.
  6. At the Advanced Boot Options screen, ensure Repair Your Computer is selected and press the ENTER key.
  7. In the System Recovery Options window, under Select a keyboard layout: , click the Next button.
  8. Under To access recovery options , next to User name: , click the down arrow , and click to select an account with Administrator rights.
  9. Next to Password: , type the appropriate password for this account.
  10. Click the OK button.
  11. Under Choose a recovery tool , click to select the desired option: NOTES:
    • The Startup Repair option can automatically resolve certain issues that can prevent the operating system from starting.
    • System Restore can return the computer to a previous configuration of the operating system when it was working properly.
    • Windows Complete PC Restore will restore a previous backup of the computer created using the Windows Backup and Restore Center .
    • The Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool can determine if any problems being experienced are caused by issues with the computer's memory.
    • The option to open a Command Prompt can be used by advanced users and technical support personnel to perform troubleshooting on the hard drive or the operating system.
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You will have to use a Windows DVD and boot on it, try a "Repair" install, If this doesn't "Take" then you will have to do a complete reinstall.

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