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How to connect your hard drive to your motherboard

How to connect your hard drive to your motherboard

The first thing you have to figure out is what type of hard drive you have, a PATA or a SATA drive.

PATA = Parallel ATA
This type of drive uses the older IDE connections. Most of your current motherboards still have aleast one IDE connection to support the ROM drives on the market that have not moved over to SATA connections but you can still connect a hard drive to this connection if needed. The thing to keep in mind is that you can only connect 2 IDE devices to one IDE connection on the motherboard.

Here is an example of an IDE cable. If you can see there are tabs on the cable to make sure you line up the pins properly.


SATA = Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
This type is now the standard that most hard drives are. Also note that alot of your ROM drives are switching over to this format as well.

Here is an example of a SATA cable.


In regards to power connectors If you are using a PATA drive then you will use the Molex power connector. Note some of the early SATA drives use this power connector as well.


For the SATA drives you would use the SATA power connector. Note if your power supply does not have this connection you can get an adapter that goes from a Molex connection to the SATA connector.



Next you will need to find the connectors for the hard drive on your motherboard. Below if pictures of the 2 connection types.

IDE/PATA motherboard connectors


SATA motherboard connectors

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please how do I access my Hard drive it fell while in operation


It all depends on what is damaged. The best thing to do is open the casing and remove the hard drive. Depending on the type of drive it will usually be a SATA or a PATA drive (on rare occassions laptop drives are used). If you are using a laptop then you will need to obtain a USB converter to allow connection. If you are using a desktop then there should be unused connectors inside on the motherboard. PATA drives require a 40-way ribbon calbe, SATA drives require a much smaller connector with 7 pins and an 'L' shaped groove. It is probably easier to obtain a USB to PATA or USB to SATA converter if you do not have the right cables or are unfamiliar with computer hardware.
Once you get the USB to SATA/PATA converter, connect the hard drive to the laptop or desktop and see if the computer recognises it.

Feb 16, 2011 | Western Digital External USB 2.0 80 GB...

3 Answers

I want to get a new internal hard drive but I,m not sure of the hard drive interface type. The specs say Serial ATA 300. The drives I am looking at say SATA?


Dear friend. in fact Serial ATA is SATA.
and i checked your Hard drive out.
your hard drive uses SATA technology to connect with the PC.
please vote

Jan 15, 2011 | Dell OptiPlex GX260 PC Desktop

1 Answer

Recognizing my sata DVD writer in bios mode


How about a work-around?
(Your post is so old now that you probably figured out a solution . . . so this is for other readers)

I have the exact same motherboard, and a SIMILAR problem.
I have a PATA CD/DVD drive . . . so no problem there.
But I have a SATA hard drive, and the BIOS does NOT see it.
So when I boot from the WinXP CD, that is fine,
but then the install process claims I have no hard drive!
So how can I reinstall WinXP to a hard drive that doesn't exist yet?

Solution that didn't work:
So I knew the ASUS SATA driver (embedded in their RAID driver) needed to be loaded,
and TRUE, the WinXP install process gave me the opportunity (via F6 key) to install any
additional driver for a mass storage device. Great! So, with the latest driver on the floppy
from ASUS using their "MakeDisk" utility, I let the Windows install process read in the driver.
Well, it made the hard disk visible to the installation . . . sort of . . . but then it took me
to the Recovery Console (which I didn't want or need) rather than the Repair Install process
(and there was no "R" option available to initiate the Repair). So, gave up on that!

Solution that I think is sure to work:
Go to Ebay, and buy from Hong Kong a PATA to SATA adapter for about $7.50 including shipping. It is a great deal! And customer ratings gave HIGH marks, so the seller is trustworthy.
Make sure not to buy the SATA to PATA (the other direction), and also, I'd suggest buying the
version in which the little adapter card plugs directly (without a cable) into the PATA socket
on the motherboard, and then plug the SATA cable from it to the SATA hard drive (or the
SATA CD/DVD drive in your case). Connect the power jacks as needed. And presto!
You have converted the PATA interface to a SATA interface which needs no SATA driver!
The BIOS will see the SATA drive as a PATA drive (how clever!). After doing the WinXP
install or whatever, switch back to the way things were and save your adapter card for next time.

Sep 06, 2008 | ASUS P4S800D-X Motherboard

1 Answer

hard drive compatibility


This motherboard is compatible with PATA/IDE Hd's running at 133/66/33Mbs. & ATA/SATA 1.5Mbs drives. The SATA's run faster. This board will not handle a SATA II's speed but it will still run on the P5P800-VM board. The links below show good buy's on both PATA/IDE & SATA I & II. Seagates for their 5yr. warranty.
Seagate ST3160215AS 160GB ATA/SATA
http://www.zipzoomfly.com/jsp/ProductDetail.jsp?ProductCode=117012
Seagate ST3160215A 160GB Ultra ATA/100
http://www.zipzoomfly.com/jsp/ProductDetail.jsp?ProductCode=117010
As far a size, that is up too you. Windows can handle 5 time these sizes.

Please don't forget to vote.....

Dec 22, 2007 | ASUS P5P800-VM Motherboard

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