Tip & How-To about Computers & Internet

How To Repair Your Operating System

A Repair Install will replace the system files with the files on the XP CD used for the Repair Install. It will leave your applications and settings intact, but Windows updates will need to be reapplied. Here is how to run an OS Repair using the Operating System CD in XP, Vista, or 7:


Windows XP

1. Boot the computer using the XP CD. You may need to change the boot order in the system BIOS so the CD boots before the hard drive. Check your system documentation for steps to access the BIOS and change the boot order.
2. When you see the "Welcome To Setup" screen, you will see the options below:



3. Press ENTER to start the Windows Setup.
4. Accept the License Agreement and Windows will search for existing Windows installations.
5. Select the XP installation you want to repair from the list and press R to start the repair. If Repair is not one of the options, END setup.
6. Setup will copy the necessary files to the hard drive and reboot. Do not press any key to boot from CD when the message appears. Setup will continue as if it were doing a clean install, but your applications and settings will remain intact.


Windows Vista

If you have a Windows Vista installation disc, you need to restart (boot) your computer using the installation disc. If you do not restart your computer from the disc, the option to repair your computer will not appear.

Here is a step by step picture guide.

If you have a Windows Vista installation disc:

1. Insert the installation disc.
2. Restart your computer.
3. Click the Start button, click the arrow next to the Lock button, and then click Restart.
4. If prompted, press any key to start Windows from the installation disc.


Windows 7

1. If a startup problem is detected, Startup Repair will start automatically and try to fix the problem.
2. If the problem is severe enough that Startup Repair doesn't start on its own and you can't access the System Recovery Options menu on your computer's hard disk, you can get to the menu and start Startup Repair by using the Windows installation disc or a system repair disc that you created earlier.

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windows could not start, file is missing or corrupt-windows, system 32, config system. to repair file using original setup CD-ROM, select "r" at first screen to start repair. What is this?


Hi !

If you enter in Windows XP set up, below instructions will appear:

1. To set up Windows XP not, press ENTER.
2. To repair Windows XP installation using windows console, press R.
3. To quit set up with installing Windows XP, press F3.

By pressing ENTER means it will repair your operating system and it will delete all your files in hard disk drive leaving nothing to that particular drive or partition.

By pressing R means it will repair your operating system files only and it will not remove your files.

By pressing F3, it will exit the Windows XP set up.

I hope this is helpful and thank you for using FixYa !

Jan 06, 2011 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Fix the BSOD problem


before doing anything else, press F8 at startup to enter into Safe Mode and try to see if you can copy or backup your files.

A Repair Install will replace the system files with the files on the XP CD used for the Repair Install. It will leave your applications and settings intact, but Windows updates will need to be reapplied.

see this guide
http://michaelstevenstech.com/XPrepairinstall.htm

Jan 21, 2010 | Dell Latitude D620 Notebook

1 Answer

nvrd.32 sys not found so no boot help


You XP install CD would of course be the best option if you have the CD; but you can boot to any XP or Windows 2000 install disk and select R for the repair console. When you do, it will put you to a command prompt where you can log into the WINNT or WINDOWS directory as your administrative user and run chkdsk /r...this may fix the file.

If this doesn't work, you will need to use an XP CD of the same version as your system and run a reinstall/ repair to replace the missing or corrupted system files. It should not wipe the drive and your files will stay there, but you may have to reinstall your applications.

Sep 30, 2009 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional

3 Answers

missing or corrupt hal.dll file, so can't boot the hard drive


Hey,

Please use the recovery discs or windows installation cd.

To either perform a full system restore with the recovery discs.
Or to perform a repair installation with the windows installation cd.

Boot the computer using the XP CD. You may need to change the boot order in the system BIOS so the CD boots before the hard drive. Check your system documentation for steps to access the BIOS and change the boot order.
When you see the "Welcome To Setup" screen, you will see the options below
This portion of the Setup program prepares Microsoft
Windows XP to run on your computer:
To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.
To repair a Windows XP installation using Recovery Console, press R.
To quit Setup without installing Windows XP, press F3.
Press Enter to start the Windows Setup. do not choose "To repair a Windows XP installation using the Recovery Console, press R", (you Do Not want to load Recovery Console). I repeat, do not choose "To repair a Windows XP installation using the Recovery Console, press R".
Accept the License Agreement and Windows will search for existing Windows installations.
Select the XP installation you want to repair from the list and press R to start the repair. If Repair is not one of the options, END setup.
Setup will copy the necessary files to the hard drive and reboot. Do not press any key to boot from CD when the message appears. Setup will continue as if it were doing a clean install, but your applications and settings will remain intact.

Thanks and good luck.
Ekse

May 03, 2009 | Dell Dimension 3100 PC Desktop

1 Answer

Just installed P5G- motherboard, runing windows XP eror code purple wont run, any ideas


Normally Windows XP will not boot if you switch out motherboards, not unless it has the exact same chips as the old one.

If you have your Windows XP install cd, you can try a repair install.

When the installer asks you if you want to do a new install, or run the repair console, hit new install. It will search for your old windows install and ask if you want to repair it.

Doing so will leave your applications and user accounts on your computer, and reinstall only Windows system files. It may ask you to put in your key code.

May 09, 2008 | Computers & Internet

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