Tip & How-To about Sewing Machines

Which Needle Do I Use?

Here's a handy chart about what type of needle to use with what fabric:

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My juke mo644d serger what side needle do I use for 1 thread serging

The needle "system" is determined by the manufacturer, ie 130/705. However, some sergers do use a different needle system that may be slightly longer or shorter. Getting the right one is very important for the successful use of your machine.

As far as the size of needle, that is determined usually by the fabric and the thread weight you are stitching. For example, if you are sewing chiffon with a fine thread, you would want to use a smaller size needle (like a 65), but if you are stitching denim, you would want to use probably a 90 needle with heavier thread. Be sure to consult your manual because most machines do Not recommend using a needle larger than a 90.

As for the needle type, that is also determined by the fabric you are stitching, as well as what is available in your needle system, ie a ball-point needle might work better on a knit fabric but a universal needle will probably work better on a woven cotton. For the most part, I use the same needle type for my projects unless I encounter problems, like knit fabrics running because the needle is cutting the fabric.

The following may be helpful:

All About Needles

SCHMETZ Household Needle Chart

Overlock Needles SCHMETZ Needles


Apr 17, 2017 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Elna Funstyler, type 3003 FS. The straight stitch begins then sucks material down into the bobbin area and knots up. I've tried all the manual's suggestions and nothing seems to work.

Be sure to use a brand new sharp needle that is compatible with the thread and fabric (see link below). The type of needle may need a larger scarf/groove to shield the thread (ie, top stitch or embroidery) and pierce the fabric easier.

If your machine has the option for a straight-stitch (vs zig-zag) needle plate, you may want to try using that. The small needle hole will restrict the fabric from being pushed down into the bobbin area.


All About Needles


Jul 20, 2016 | Elna Sewing Machines

1 Answer

type of needle for sewing pillows, t-shirts.

The needle is usually determined by the fabric and thread of the project, ie knit fabrics should use a ball-point needle, woven fabrics would use a variety of sharps. Same with thread--use thread that is compatible with the fabric, needle, and project. Avoid old or bargain bin threads to minimize problems and frustration.


All About Needles

How to Choose Sewing Needles Looking at Types Sizes Lifespan


May 10, 2016 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

1475 skips stitches when sewing batiks but works okay on everything else - what can I do I have changed the needle trying smaller and larger needles with some success but still haven't solved the problem.

I would wash a scrap of the Batik to see if this makes it more pliable.

The dying process seems to make this particular fabric a little dense.

You can just swish the scrap in a bowl of cool water with a couple drops of baby shampoo and then rinse well.

I think I would also try the micro-sharp needle.

This chart is a handy reference:


Feb 27, 2010 | PfaFF Sewing Machines

1 Answer

i have a white sewing machine model 415 and cant find needles to fit the machine

Hi. Sewing machine needles are standard sizes, so you shouldn't have a problem finding needles to fit. You use different size needles depending on what weight and type of fabric you plan to sew (I posted a chart that explains what size needle to use with what fabric).
What do you want to sew?


Feb 26, 2010 | White Sewing 1866 Mechanical Sewing...

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