Tip & How-To about Watches

Watch glossary: B

BAGUETTE
Ladies style watch with a thin, elongated face; usually rectangular in shape but may be oval.
BALANCE
Oscillating device that, together with the balance spring, makes up the movement's heart in as much as its oscillations determine the frequency of its functioning and precision.
BALANCE SPRING
Component of the regulating unit that, together with the balance, determines the movement's precision. The material used is mostly a steel alloy (e.g. Nivarox, s.), an extremely stable metal compound. In order to prevent the system's center of gravity from continuous shifts, hence differences in rate due to the watch's position, some modifications were adopted. These modifications included Breguet's overcoil (closing the terminal part of the spring partly on itself, so as to assure an almost perfect centering) and Philips curve (helping to eliminate the lateral pressure of the balance-staff pivots against their bearings). Today, thanks to the quality of materials, it is possible to assure an excellent precision of movement working even with a flat spring.
BARREL
Component of the movement containing the mainspring, whose toothed rim meshes with the pinion of the first gear of the train. Due to the fact that the whole movement - made up of barrel and mainspring - transmits the motive force, it is also considered to be the very motor. Inside the barrel, the mainspring is wound around an arbor turned by the winding crown or, in the case of automatic movements, also by the gear powered by the rotor.
BASE METAL
Any non-precious metal.
BATTERY
Device that converts chemical energy into electricity. Most watch batteries are silver oxide type delivering 1.5 volts. Much longer-lasting lithium batteries are 3 volt.
BATTERY LIFE
The minimum period of time that a battery will continue to provide power to run the watch. Life begins at the point of manufacture when the factory initially installs the battery.
BATTERY RESERVE INDICATOR
Some battery-operated watches have a feature that indicates when the battery is approaching the end of its life. This is often indicated by the second hand moving in two second intervals instead of each second.
BEARING
Part on which a pivot turns, in watches it represented mostly by jewels.
BEVELING
Chamfering of edges of levers, bridges and other elements of a movement by 45░, a treatment typically found in high-grade movements.
BEZEL
Top part of case, often in a shape of the ring surrounding the watch face, sometimes holds the crystal. It may be integrated with the case middle or may be a separate element. It is snapped or screwed on to the middle.
BRACELET
A metal band attached to the case. It is called integral if there is no apparent discontinuity between case and bracelet and the profile of attachments is similar to the first link.
BRIDGE
Structural metal element of a movement - sometimes called **** or bar - supporting the wheel train, balance, escapement and barrel. Each bridge is fastened to the plate by means of screws and locked in a specific position by pins. In high-quality movements the sight surface is finished with various types of decoration.
BRUSHED, BRUSHING
Topical finishing giving metals a line finish, a clean and uniform look.
BUCKLE
Usually matching the case, it attaches the two parts of the leather strap around the wrist.
BUTTON
Push piece controls, usually at 2 o'clock and/or 4 o'clock on the dial to control special functions such as the chronograph or the alarm.

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1 Answer

Bought this at a sale and know nothing about it but am curious.


  1. Look for a dealer for this brand in your area and take it in for an appraisal.

May 28, 2015 | Rado Watches

1 Answer

How to remove links at home with a device like this http://www.amazon.com/Tech-Swiss-12-01-Watchband-Remover/dp/B000HDJT6Q/ref=sr_1_6?ie=UTF8&qid=1309567029&sr=8-6 This is the first time I was unable to do it myself in years. Is there a secret for Wittnauer watch?


Just from what I can tell by looking at the watch, it doesn't appear to have pin-style links. Most fancy ladies' watches do not use pin-style links, they use screws. It's pretty easy to distinguish the difference by looking at one end of the pin in the hole. Screws have a slot for a flat head screw and you can see that they are solid like a regular screw. The other end of the pin will look flat. A split-pin is comprised of a piece of metal folded in two, On one end is a very thin ****, but it's very easy to tell it's not a screw and the other end is rounded where the metal is folded in two. If it is, as I suspect, a screw-type pin, you will need a set of precision screwdrivers. They are very inexpensive and you can get them at any department or hardware store. Here's an article that explains everything you need to know about the different styles of common watch link pins and how to change them.

Jul 02, 2011 | Wittnauer 10L08 Wrist Watch

1 Answer

Crystal on ladies watch cracked..where can I find the crystal for this ladies Vicence ?


mcdevito75 here, Best Bet, look for a small watch repair shop in your area, and even then It"ll most likely have to be ordered.

Jul 01, 2010 | Vicence Rectangular Watch

1 Answer

I have an old ladies dress Chopard watch - oval shaped gold with diamonds on the band. I inherited the watch from an estate. I wore the watch from a month and then it just stopped. Should I take it to a dealer here in my city, or send it back to Chopard?


You need to first know if it is a Quartz watch or an older Wind Up type. I am guessing, since you have been wearing it and do not mention winding it, that itt is probably a Quartz movement in the watch. However, to be clear, If it is older than about 1970 then it is definitely Not Quartz. Then might be what is called an Automatic movement, which is actually a Self Winding Movement mechanism. If newer than 70, could be either Quartz or WindUp. If it is Quartz then the problem is most probably that the watch needs a New Battery. This can be done at a local jewelry shop for around $8 to $15. If it is a Wind Up style then it would need a more complex repair. But sending it to Chopard is still the Last Resort as Chopard could charge you $400 to repair it, I am not kidding, haha. But take heart, most probably you have simply got a Dead Battery and your friendly local watchmaker or jewelry store can fix it for you fast and cheap. Good Luck, W.

Mar 16, 2010 | Watches

1 Answer

Does anyone know where I can get an old diesel watch it's got a strtechy strap and had orange bits on it? With a rectangular metal face? Please help, my girlfriend loved it!


Try the web site "zugoo.com/dieselladies.html", they have a large range of ladies Diesel watches.

Don't know about the "old" bit though!

Jan 06, 2010 | Diesel Watch DZ7071

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