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The compression of an engine is low

Few things to check.It may be due to:
loose spark plug
loose cylinder head bolts
blown head gasket
damaged valves/valves seats
insufficient valve tappet clearance
warped cylinder head
bent valve stems
worn cylinder bore
worn piston rings
broken connecting rod
broken piston




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What would cause my 2001 vw passat to miss on 3rd cylinder it runs very ruff


Could be a head gasket being blown . Or spark plug lead or crock ignition coil depending on design. Get a compression test on the cylinders to check gasket .

Jul 03, 2016 | Volkswagen Passat Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

what is compression leak


Compression is what happens when the piston comes up and compresses the fuel/air mixture. Then the spark plug ignites it and the explosion drives the piston down in turn, turning the Crankshaft in turn making the car go. A compression leak is when this compressed fuel/air mixture is escaping from the combustion chamber.. This can happen 3 ways. 1. Bad piston rings, 2. Blown head gasket or cracked head or block, (usually caused by overheating), Or the least costly.. loose spark plugs.

May 16, 2014 | 1999 Cadillac DeVille

1 Answer

misfire cylinder 4 dodge 1500 5.7L hemi


Check compression. If its nill or low, pull a plug and look for raw fuel. Try to look at the top of the piston for impact marks. The valve guide comes loose and the valve will hit the piston causing valve damage. Most instances won't damage the piston to a point of necessitating replacement, but will require removal of the head for a valve job or replacement of the head due to valve damage or chipping of the cylinder head at the valve seat. A reman head isn't much more than the machine shop will charge for a valve job. 6 hour job plus gaskets. Don't let anyone tell you it needs an engine without substantial proof.

Jan 08, 2012 | 2004 Dodge Ram 1500

1 Answer

i need a print out of how i can change out a head gasket on a 1995 mercury cougar


Removal
  1. Drain engine cooling system.
  1. Disconnect battery ground cable (14301) .
  1. Remove engine air cleaner (ACL) (9600) including air cleaner outlet tube (9B659) .
  1. Loosen drive belt tensioner (6B209). Remove drive belts (8620) .
  1. If LH cylinder head (6049) is being removed, perform the following:
    1. Remove oil filler cap (6766) .
    1. Remove power steering pump front mounting bracket retaining bolts.
    1. Remove generator (GEN) (10346) and belt idler pulley (8678).
    1. Remove power steering pump/generator bracket retaining bolts. Leave hoses connected, place pump/bracket assembly aside in a position to prevent fluid from leaking out.
  1. If RH cylinder head is being removed, perform the following:
    1. Remove drive belts .
    1. If equipped with A/C, remove mounting bracket retaining bolts. Leave hoses connected and position A/C compressor (19703) aside.
    1. Remove positive crankcase ventilation valve (PCV valve) (6A666) .
  1. Remove upper intake manifold (9424) .
  1. Remove valve cover retaining bolts.
  1. Remove fuel injection supply manifold (9F792).
  1. Remove lower intake manifold as outlined.
  1. Remove exhaust manifolds (9430) as outlined.
  1. Loosen rocker arm seat retaining bolts enough to allow rocker arm (6564) to be lifted off the push rod (6565) and rotate to one side.
  1. Remove push rods . Identify position of each push rod . Push rods should be installed in their original position during assembly.
  1. Remove cylinder head retaining bolts and discard.
  1. Remove cylinder heads .
  1. Remove and discard old head gaskets (6051) .
Installation
  1. NOTE: Lightly oil all bolts and stud bolt threads before installation except those specifying special sealant.
    Clean cylinder head, intake manifold , valve cover (6582) and head gasket surfaces. If cylinder head was removed for head gasket replacement, check flatness and sealing areas for scratches of cylinder head and cylinder block gasket surfaces. Refer to Section 03-00 for procedure.
  2. Position new head gaskets onto cylinder block (6010) using cylinder head to block dowels (6A008) for alignment.

    Head Gasket


    a11431c.gif

  3. Position cylinder heads onto cylinder block .
  4. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Always use new cylinder head bolts to ensure a leak-tight assembly. Torque retention with used bolts can vary, which may result in coolant or compression leakage at the cylinder head mating surface area.
    -ft).
  5. For 3.8L non-SC engine, tighten cylinder head retaining bolts in numerical sequence in three steps as follows:
    1. 20 Nm (15 Lb-Ft)
    1. 40 Nm (29 Lb-Ft)
    1. 50 Nm (37 Lb-Ft)
  6. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Do not loosen all of the bolts at the same time, only work on one bolt at a time or possible damage to engine or leakage may occur.
    In sequence, loosen retaining bolts two to three revolutions and retighten bolts one at a time in the following manner:
    1. Long bolts:
      • 15-25 Nm (11-18 lb-ft).
      • Tighten bolt an additional 85-95 degrees.
      • Go to next bolt in sequence.
    1. Short bolts:
      • 10-20 Nm (7-15 lb-ft).
      • Tighten bolt an additional 85-95 degrees.
      • Go to next bolt in sequence.


      a11399c.gif


      Item Part Number Description 1 6010 Cylinder Block 2 - Locating Pin (2 Req'd) 3 N802515-S Cylinder Head Bolt (4 Req'd Each Side) 4 6049 Cylinder Head 5 N802516-S Cylinder Head Bolt (4 Req'd Each Side) 6 6A008 Cylinder Head to Block Dowel
  7. NOTE: If original valve train components are being installed, a valve clearance check is not required. If a component has been replaced, perform a valve clearance check as outlined.
    Dip each push rod end in Engine Assembly Lubricant D9AZ-19579-D or equivalent meeting Ford Specification ESR-M99C80-A and install push rods in their original position.
  8. For each valve, rotate crankshaft (6303) until valve tappet (6500) rests on the heel (base circle) of the camshaft lobe, before tightening rocker arm seat retaining bolts to 7-15 Nm (5-11 lb-ft) maximum.
  9. Lubricate all rocker arms with Engine Assembly Lubricant D9AZ-19579-D or equivalent meeting Ford Specification ESR-M99C80-A. Final-tighten the rocker arm seat bolts to 30-40 Nm (22-30 lb-ft). For final tightening, camshaft (6250) may be in any position.
  10. Install exhaust manifolds as outlined.
  11. Install lower intake manifold as outlined.
  12. Install fuel injection supply manifold .
  13. Position valve cover and new valve cover gasket (6584) on cylinder head and install retaining bolts. Note location of ignition wire routing clip stud bolts. Tighten retaining bolts to 9-12 Nm (7-9 lb-ft).
  14. Install upper intake manifold .Install spark plugs (12405) , if removed.
  15. Connect ignition wires to the spark plugs .
  16. If LH cylinder head is being installed, perform the following:
    1. Install oil filler cap.
    1. Install generator/power steering pump mounting bracket.
    1. Install generator .
    1. Install main accessory drive belt tensioner .
    1. Install power steering pump (3A674) .
    1. Install power steering pump support bracket.If RH cylinder head is being installed, perform the following:
    1. Install positive crankcase ventilation valve .
    1. If equipped with A/C, install A/C compressor mounting brackets (2882) and A/C compressor .
  17. Install drive belt and tighten to specification.
  18. Connect battery ground cable .
  19. Install air cleaner outlet tube.
2010&c18=modelyear&c35=wsm%2ccylinder%20heads%2cssd%2c03-01a%2cin-vehicle%20service&s=1249x702&c=32&j=1.3&v=y&k=y&bw=910&bh=359&ct=lan&hp=n&[aqe]

Mar 06, 2011 | Mercury Cougar Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

valve cover gasket, how to replace?


Rocker Arm (Valve) Cover REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 2.3L 4-Cylinder Engines
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Label and remove the spark plug wires.
  3. Remove the attaching bolts for the valve cover.
  4. Remove the valve cover from the cylinder head. If necessary, lightly tap the valve cover with a soft hammer to aid in removal. To install:
  5. Thoroughly clean the valve cover and cylinder head gasket mating surfaces.
  6. Install the valve cover on the cylinder head using a new gasket.
  7. Tighten the valve cover bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (20 Nm) in a crisscross pattern.
  8. Install the spark plug wires.
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10. Start the engine and check for leaks. Fig. 1: Valve cover and gasket assembly 90953g12.gif
2.8L 6-Cylinder Engine
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. The following steps are necessary if your car has A/C and if you are removing the passenger side valve cover, if you do not need to remove the passenger side valve cover, skip them.
    1. Remove the A/C compressor belt and the compressor from the mounting bracket located on the passenger side of the engine. Do not remove the lines from the compressor.
    2. Place the compressor with the lines attached on the passenger side front shock tower and secure.
    3. Remove the compressor bracket.
  3. Remove the air cleaner-to-throttle body hose.
  4. Label and remove all necessary electrical and vacuum connections.
  5. Remove the attaching bolts for the valve cover(s).
  6. Remove the valve cover(s) from the cylinder head(s). If necessary, lightly tap the valve cover with a soft hammer to aid in removal. To install:
  7. Thoroughly clean the valve cover(s) and cylinder head gasket mating surfaces.
  8. Install the valve cover(s) on the cylinder head(s) using new gaskets.
  9. Tighten the valve cover bolts to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm) in a crisscross pattern.
  10. Install all necessary electrical and vacuum connections.
  11. Install the air cleaner assembly.
  12. Install the A/C bracket (if removed).
  13. Install the A/C compressor and belt (if removed).
  14. Connect the negative battery cable.
  15. Start the engine and check for leaks.
2.3L and 2.4L 5-Cylinder, and 2.9L 6-Cylinder Engines The 2.3L and 2.4L 5-cylinder, and 2.9L 6-cylinder engines have a two-piece cylinder head, the upper half and the lower half. The upper half is basically the same as a valve cover, except that it incorporates the bearing caps for the camshafts into the underside.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the spark plug access cover.
  3. Label and remove the ignition coils and vent hoses or the distributor cap and wires if equipped.
  4. Check the cam alignment before removing the cylinder head.
  5. Remove the bolts attaching the upper cylinder head.
  6. Remove the upper cylinder head, lightly tap with a soft hammer if necessary. To install:
  7. Thoroughly clean the upper and lower cylinder head gasket mating surfaces.
  8. Apply liquid sealing compound to the upper cylinder head mating surface. WARNING
    Use a roller or your finger to spread sealant, do not use an excessive amount of sealant, or the oil passages could become clogged.
  9. Place the upper cylinder head onto the lower cylinder head.
  10. Check the cam alignment before tightening the cylinder head.
  11. Install Volvo tool number 5454 or equivalent to the upper cylinder head.
  12. Tighten the nut on the tools to seat the upper cylinder head.
  13. Tighten the upper cylinder head bolts, beginning from the center out to 13 ft. lbs. (17 Nm).
  14. Install the ignition coils and hoses or the distributor cap and wires.
  15. Install the spark plug access cover.
  16. Connect the negative battery cable.
  17. Start the vehicle and check for leaks. Fig. 2: Remove the clamp and detach the vent hose 90953p66.jpg
    Fig. 3: Remove the spark plug cover and the plug wires or ignition coils to access the retaining bolts 90953p80.jpg
    Fig. 4: Remove the retaining bolts 90953p72.jpg
    Fig. 5: A light tap with a soft-faced hammer is usually required to loosen the valve cover 90953p81.jpg
    Fig. 6: Carefully lift the upper cylinder head up and off the lower section. Note the integral camshaft bearing caps in the casting 90953p82.jpg
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Jan 29, 2011 | 1999 Volvo S70

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