Tip & How-To about Computers & Internet

Sharing Your Own Computer's Stuff with the Network

To share a file or folder with your fellow computer users, move the file into your Shared Documents folder, which lives in your My Computer window. (You must move or copy a file into the Shared Documents folder; shortcuts don't always work.)

After you place your file or folder into your Shared Documents folder, it appears in the Shared Documents folder of everybody else using your computer.

Administrators can share folders without having to move them into the Shared Documents folder. The trick is to follow these steps:

1. Right-click on a folder you'd like to share and choose Sharing and Security from the pop-up menu.

Open My Computer and right-click on the folder you'd like to share. When the menu appears, select Sharing and Security. A window appears, showing the Properties for that folder. It opens to the Sharing tab.

Right-click on a folder and choose Sharing and Security to share the folder on the network.

2. Click the box marked Share This Folder on the Network.

A check mark in that box lets everybody peek at, grab, steal, change, or delete any of the files in that folder. To let visitors look inside the files but not change them, remove the check mark from the box marked Allow Network Users to Change My Files.

3. Click OK.

Now that particular folder and all its contents are available for everybody on the network to share.

Sharing a lot of folders isn't a good idea because it gives network visitors too much control over your computer. Even if you trust people, they might accidentally mess something up. To be safe, only share files by placing them in the Shared Document folder.

Inside Shared Documents live two more folders, Shared Music and Shared Pictures. Those two folders are also available to any user. So, if you want to share documents with any user of your computer, store them in the Shared Documents folder. When you make MP3s from your CDs, store them in the Shared Music folder, too, so that everybody can enjoy them.

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how to use comupter as sever


Proxy server
Use a Computer as a Proxy Server
Small networks can still take advantage of a proxy server.
The Microsoft Windows operating system allows you to turn your computer into a proxy server.
A proxy server is a central computer on the network connected to the Internet.
Other computers on the network use the machine to connect to the Internet.
The Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) configurations on the machine allow you to turn your computer into a proxy server.

Click the Windows "Start" button and select "Control Panel."
Double-click "Network and Internet Connections."
Double-click "Network Connections" to view a list of network card settings.
Right-click your network card icon and select "Properties."
For most users, this icon is labeled "Local Network."
Click the "Advanced" tab.

Check the box named "Allow other network users to connect through this computer's Internet connection" in the section labeled "Internet Connection Sharing."
A warning message pops up telling you that your IP is reset for the proxy computer.
Click "OK."

Reboot your computer for the settings to take effect.
You also need to reboot each client machine on the network to ensure they see the proxy server.
Turn a Computer Into a Server
When you have more than several computers and users who want to share files and resources, whether in your home or in a small office, you can convert a computer into a server.
Building a server out of a computer will allow users to access files whichever computer they use to access them.
An example of the resources that can be shared is a printer and shared folders such as photos and documents. Here's how to convert a computer into a server.

Prepare your computer.
Clean up the computer with unnecessary files to save on space.
If your computer is really old, install the latest operating software so that it is compatible with the rest of the computers that will share its resources.
For this example, we are installing Windows XP.
Check the hard drive space or capacity if you have enough.
You can do away with 256MB sized old computer, but you may want to think about adding more disk space for future needs.
You can easily buy extra internal or external hard drives to bump up your disk space to a capacity that you would desire.
Try purchasing a 10GB extra disk drive then insert it in computer or connect via a serial port or USB hub it if it is external drive.
To install the hard drive driver on XP, let the hardware wizard run you through the options.
You can install the driver with the installation CD software that your hard drive came with.
Follow the options during installation. ,


Check your computer if the network card (ethernet card) is functioning properly. if it does not, you would need to install a NIC or Network Interface Card.
Some old computers have 10 megabit cards, but if you want to have high network performance and better connectivity through your LAN (Local Area Network) then you would need to upgrade your NIC by installing a 100 megabit or 10 gigabit NIC.
Install your network card driver using the installation CD that came with it then follow the installation wizard.

Get a network router. Connect this router to your high speed connection.
The most common ones to use are Netgear, Linksys or DLink routers.
Choose a wireless router so that if you have wireless users they can connect easily (plus this will save you on trying to connect cables to the router all over the place).
Set up your network connections.
Click on "Start," "Control Panel and "Network and Internet Connections."
Pick a task from the options listed or pick a control panel icon, in this case "Network Connections."
If you are set up to pick up the IP Address of your computer automatically, one you have installed your NIC in Step 4 and rebooted, it will pick up the connections automatically whether plugs in using a LAN or network cable or using wireless card.

Rename your computer. Name it so that it can easily be identifiable in your network.
You can either name it simply "SERVER" to be easily recognized, but it is all up to you how you want to name your server.
To name your server if you are using Windows XP, you can right-click on "My Computer" then click on "Properties."
Go to "Computer Name" tab then click on "Change."
Other Windows operating systems or versions would have this feature located somewhere else. Read the owner's manual that your computer came with it.

Create a shared folder by going to "My Computer" and "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents."
Create a new folder by right-clicking on the screen, then click on "New Folder."
Name the new folder "Shared Files" or anything that can easily be identifiable.
Take note that on Windows XP, any folder that you create and then dragged into the "Shared Documents" folder will be automatically shared by everyone.
You can restrict certain folders by dragging the folder out of the "Shared Documents" folder, then right-clicking on the file folder, clicking on "Properties," then the "Sharing" tab and finally "Make this Folder Private."
Create a shared resource by adding a printer or fax to use. Go to "Start."
Click on "Printers and Faxes" and "Add a Printer," then let the installation wizard that came with the printer or fax guide you.
Name your printer or fax (for example, "Shared Printer").
Then once the printer is installed, set it up so that you can share it by right-clicking on the "Shared Printer," then on "Properties," "Sharing" tab and finally on "Share this printer."
Connect any computer to your server.
Go to each computer and ensure they are connected on the same router.
Then go to "Start" and "Run," type in "EXPLORER," then on the menu click on "Tools" and "Map Network Drive."
A window will pop open where you will assign a "Drive" letter and a "Folder."
Choose any driver letter, for example "G" to denote "Group" drive or "S" to denote "Shared Drive," then type in the IP address of the server.
To do this, go to the server, then go to "Start" and "Run," type in "CMD" then type in "IPCONFIG." This will display your server's IP address.
Type the IP address on the "Folder" field on the computer.
You can also try if the computer will automatically find it by choosing the drive letter then clicking on the "Browse" button on the "Folder" field.
Start using the shared resources by going to the drive letter that has been assigned on your computer.



Sep 24, 2013 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

how can i set up network file sharing


First step is to check if the file sharing option is checked in my computer folder options.

Start- My computer- TOOLS - FOLDER OPTIONS- and click on the second tab VIEW- scroll down to the last option which will show as USE SIMPLE FILE SHARING.

Level 1: My Documents (Private) loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); The owner of the file or folder has read and write permission to the file or folder. Nobody else may read or write to the folder or the files in it. All subfolders that are contained in a folder that is marked as private remain private unless you change the parent folder permissions.

If you are a Computer Administrator and create a user password for your account by using the User Accounts Control Panel tool, you are prompted to make your files and folder private.

Note The option to make a folder private (Level 1) is available only to a user account in its own My Documents folder.

To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 1, follow these steps:
  1. Right-click the folder, and then click Sharing and Security.
  2. Select the Make this Folder Private check box, and then click OK.
Local NTFS Permissions:
  • Owner: Full Control
  • System: Full Control
Network Share Permissions:
  • Not Shared
Level 2 (Default): My Documents (Default) loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); The owner of the file or folder and local Computer Administrators have read and write permission to the file or folder. Nobody else may read or write to the folder or the files in it. This is the default setting for all the folders and files in each user's My Documents folder.

To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 2, follow these steps:
  1. Right-click the folder, and then click Sharing and Security.
  2. Make sure that both the Make this Folder Private and the Share this folder on the network check boxes are cleared, and then click OK.
Local NTFS Permissions:
  • Owner: Full Control
  • Administrators: Full Control
  • System: Full Control
Network Share Permissions:
  • Not Shared
Level 3: Files in shared documents available to local users loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); Files are shared with users who log on to the computer locally. Local Computer Administrators can read, write, and delete the files in the Shared Documents folder. Restricted Users can only read the files in the Shared Documents folder. In Windows XP Professional, Power Users may also read, write, or delete any files in the Shared Documents Folder. The Power Users group is available only in Windows XP Professional. Remote users cannot access folders or files at Level 3. To allow remote users to access files, you must share them out on the network (Level 4 or 5).

To configure a file or a folder and all the files in it to Level 3, start Microsoft Windows Explorer, and then copy or move the file or folder to the Shared Documents folder under My Computer.

Local NTFS Permissions:
  • Owner: Full Control
  • Administrators: Full Control
  • Power Users: Change
  • Restricted Users: Read
  • System: Full Control
Network Share Permissions:
  • Not Shared
Level 4: Shared on the Network (Read-Only) loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); Files are shared for everyone to read on the network. All local users, including the Guest account, can read the files. But they cannot modify the contents. Any user can read and change your files.

To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 4, follow these steps:
  1. Right-click the folder, and then click Sharing and Security.
  2. Click to select the Share this folder on the network check box
  3. Click to clear the Allow network users to change my files check box, and then click OK.
Local NTFS Permissions:
  • Owner: Full Control
  • Administrators: Full Control
  • System: Full Control
  • Everyone: Read
Network Share Permissions:
  • Everyone: Read
Level 5: Shared on the network (Read and Write) loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); This level is the most available and least secure access level. Any user (local or remote) can read, write, change, or delete a file in a folder shared at this access level. We recommend that this level be used only for a closed network that has a firewall configured. All local users including the Guest account can also read and modify the files.

To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 5, follow these steps:
  1. Right-click the folder, and then click Sharing and Security
  2. Click to select the Share this folder on the network check box, and then click OK.
Local NTFS Permissions:
  • Owner: Full Control
  • Administrators: Full Control
  • System: Full Control
  • Everyone: Change
Network Share Permissions:
  • Everyone: Full Control
Note All NTFS permissions that refer to Everyone include the Guest account.

All the levels that this article describes are mutually exclusive. Private folders (Level 1) cannot be shared unless they are no longer private. Shared folders (Level 4 and 5) cannot be made private until they are unshared.

If you create a folder in the Shared Documents folder (Level 3), share it on the network, and then allow network users to change your files (Level 5), the permissions for Level 5 are effective for the folder, the files in that folder, and the subfolders. The other files and folders in the Shared Documents folder remain configured at Level 3.

Jul 20, 2010 | Microsoft Windows Vista Ultimate Edition

2 Answers

password on shared documents on a workgroup


Password Protect Folders in XP
To password protect a folder built into Windows XP (for other Windows flavors, there are some freeware/shareware programs out there).
If you have a log in password for your account, this can be used to protect folders from other users. If not, you need to creat one. Your hard drive must be formatted using NTFS (which it probably is unless you're dual booting with another operating system). Here's what to do...
Right-click the folder that you want to make private and choose "Properties" (or Alt+Double-click). Go to the "Sharing" tab and check the "Make this folder private" box.
private-folder1.jpg
Click Apply . If you do not have a password on your account, a box will pop up asking if you want to assign a password. This must be done if you want to make the folder private, so click Yes . You will need to use your password to log on to your computer from then on.
Type in a password then confirm it. Click the "Create Password" button then close the Password window.
Click OK in the Properties dialog box.
Now anyone else logged on to your computer can't access that file without knowing your password.

Dec 02, 2008 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1 Answer

file sharing


it is possible

If you have multiple computers in your home and they are connected through a home network, you can share files among your computers. That means you no longer have to copy files to a floppy disk or USB flash drive to transfer them to another computer. Once you configure your computer to share files, you (or another user with the appropriate permissions) can, by using Windows Explorer, open them from other computers connected to the network, just like you’d open files that are stored on a single computer. You can also choose to have folders visible—but not modifiable—from other computers on the network.
To share files on your computer with other computers on a network, you need to:
Share a folder on your computer. This will make all of the files in the folder available to all the computers on your network (you can’t share individual files).
Set up user accounts on your computer for everyone who needs to connect to your shared folder. If any of the accounts are Limited User accounts (unless an account is a Computer Administrator account, it is a Limited User account), follow the steps in Set permissions for files and folders to enable them to open your files.

To access shared files that are on another computer on your network, you need to:
• Connect to the shared folder from other computers on the network. This procedure is described in Map a network drive.

Note: By default, file permissions only allow your user account and administrators on your local computer to open your files, regardless of whether a person is sitting at your keyboard or at another computer. It may help to keep these three things in mind when setting up file sharing:
• Files have user permission settings.
• Every computer has its own user database.
• Some accounts are administrator accounts and some aren’t.

Configure your computer to share files To share a folder on your computer so that files stored in the folder can be accessed from other computers on your home network
1.
Log on to your computer as an administrator. For more information, see Access the administrator account from the Welcome screen.
2.
Click Start, and then click My Documents.
68599-click-my-documents.gif 3.
Right-click the folder that you want to share, and then click Sharing and Security.
68599-click-sharing-and-security.gificotip.gif Tip: If you want to share your entire My Documents folder, open My Documents, and then click the Up button on the toolbar. You can then select the My Documents folder.
4.
If you see a message that reads, As a security measure, Windows has disabled remote access to this computer, click the Network Setup Wizard link. Then follow the instructions in How to set up your computer for home networking. On the File and printer sharing page of the Network Setup Wizard, be sure to select Turn on file and printer sharing. If you do not see this message, skip this step and go to step 5.
68599-click-network-setup-wizard.gif Note: If you do not see the Network Setup Wizard link or the Share this folder on the network check box, your computer probably has Simple File Sharing disabled. This is a common change made to computers used for business. In fact, it happens automatically when a computer joins an Active Directory domain. You should follow these instructions to share a folder instead.
5.
In the Properties dialog box, select the Share this folder on the network check box.
68599-click-share-this-folder.gif 6.
If you want to be able to edit your files from any computer on your network (instead of just being able to open them without saving any changes), select the Allow network users to change my files check box.
68599-click-allow-network-users-to-change-my-files.gif 7.
Click OK.
68599-click-ok.gif Windows Explorer will show a hand holding the folder icon, indicating that the folder is now shared.
To connect to the shared folder from another computer, follow the steps described in How to map a network drive.
Note: By default, only you and other people with an administrator account on the computer sharing the folder will be able to open your files. To limit access of specific users with an administrator account on the computer sharing the folder, read How to set permissions for files and folders.

Aug 14, 2008 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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