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How to sand wood to prepare for applying finish

When I was growing up my dad used to build all kinds of things out of wood. My job was to sand down all the pieces before he applied the finish. Since I have grown up I have been perfecting my sanding technique.

To start you have to make sure that you prepare the wood. If there are nails make sure to hammer them into the surface properly and remove any staples as they might catch the sandpaper and rip it.

Depending on how rough the surface you are going to be sanding you will be using different gradient of paper. A higher grit paper works well to make the surface smooth to the touch while a lower grit will help to get rougher surfaces down to a point when you can use a higher grit paper to do a final smoothing.

My dad used to make me wear a mask, goggles and gloves whenever I would sand, but I've learned that he was a little over protective. When you are sanding you should wear a mask and glasses to keep small pieces of sanding dust from getting in your lungs and eyes. While you don't have to wear gloves when your sanding but if you are using a sanding block and your hand slips you could skin your hand, its always better safe than sorry.

What I have noticed from teaching my kids how to sand wood is that after they have been sanding for a while they will come to me and say that the paper has stopped working and they need new paper. This is not entirely true, when you use sandpaper the dust that comes off the wood tends to clog the paper. Thankfully this is easably fixed, all you have to do is tap the paper and the dust should just fall right off.

When the wood is smooth to the touch you are finished sanding. I like to use a soft dry rag to just wipe the dust from the surface. This is an important step if you are going to apply a finish to the wood because if there is dust then the finish will make little bumps where there is dust.

Building things with your kids can be a really great bonding experience. And teaches your kids the basics of fixing simple things like a loose nail.

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How do i repair isolated "spots" or small circle gaps in my lacquer finish?


What kind of wood are you dealing with .
What kind of stain are you useing im sure its not laquuer .
What kind of sanding sealer .
And how are you applying the finish airless conventional or air assested air less and do you have an air trap for the conventional or air assested .Its more then likely you used products that were not compatiblale Its hard to say with out seeing it

Mar 12, 2015 | Deft Clear Wood Finish Satin Quart

3 Answers

how to refinish hardwood floors


Sometimes, you just have to find the help that you need. That being said, you might want to go to Superior Hardwoods, as it will be of great help to you.

Feb 03, 2013 | Vacuums

1 Answer

We removed all the wood trimming/doors inside our Catalina 30 sailboat. We want to do a clean/revive type job on it. The wood is teak. How do we proceed?


if the teak is bare teak --- a light sanding with a sanding block should be good and then follow that with a good rub down of teak oil ( sea-fin teak oil is a good brand ).
if the teak is finished teak --- and you want to remove the old finish and sand out any stains(?) then you will need to use a more aggressive sand paper and finish off with a lighter sand paper,, clean up with acetone, use a good tack cloth and start applying varnish -- the best varnish that I have ever used is a brand called ' Epiphanes ' and you will either want to use a ' matte ' finish or a ' gloss /semi-gloss ' finish. personally I have found the 'matte ' finish to look better and it brings out the true beauty of the teak itself. ( make sure you follow the sanding instructions between coats as this will give you a nice smooth and sharp look ).
enjoy the water ---

c...

Jan 04, 2011 | Boating

1 Answer

I am removing Formica and refinishing a teak wood yacht table. I got the Formica removed(no easy task) and I am wondering how best to go about refinishing this table. There is a little glue left(this table is 30+ years old). I will be sanding it down and then finishing it. Any tips on finishing it would be nice


Clean the remaining glue off with naptha. If the table has no gouges, I would start with a 180 grit paper and work my way up to a 400 grit. You can use a polyurethane finis which can be satin or glossy. I prefer the satin, but you may want to experiment on a different pice of wood to see what you like. Use deliberate slow strokes when using a urethane so as not to induce air bubbles into the finish. If you want more than one coat, fine sand with a 600 grit between coats when dry and apply the next one. With glossy finish, the more coats the greater the visual depth appears to be.

Jan 19, 2010 | Air Tools & Compressors

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