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1988 Vespa PK50 will not start

Hi have inherited a 1988 Vespa pk50 with 102cc mod fitted had to rewire stator and fit new CDI also all electrics work ok when kicked over but nothing from the engine had carb stripped down and cleaned checked fuel tap and fuel running ok been sitting for a while before I got it so refreshed fuel still nothing HELPPPPPP please ps have had to put down bike as vor mx400 which mine is not it is an 88 VESPA PK50 with 102cc CONVERSION hope this doesn't alter the fact that I still need help thanks

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  • Vespa Master
  • 43,690 Answers

Hi, Gary and the usual suspects are:
1. Fuel tank empty.
2. The fuel tank has old dead gas.
3. Fuel tank bottom contaminated with ethanol sludge, dirt, water, rust, etc.
4. Fuel supply valve/petcock turned off.
5. Fouled spark plugs.
6. Engine flooded as a result of overuse of the enrichner.
7. Vacuum hose to the fuel supply valve/petcock disconnected, broken, cracked, or pinched.
8. Fuel valve/petcock or filter clogged.
9. Fuel line to carburetor or throttle body pinched, kinked or blocked.
10. Carburetor float stuck.
11. Fuel injectors clogged.
12. Fuel injectors stuck open.
13. Severely discharged or a damaged battery should have 12.5 volts or more and be able to pass a proper "LOAD" test if necessary, you may have a cursory reading of 12.5 volts or more but little or zero amperage the battery is faulty and must be replaced, AGM batteries fail in this scenario more so than lead acid batteries.
14. Check battery terminals for damage or corrosion, check the battery cables at "BOTH" ends for loose, corroded, or broken connectors, "INSIDE" and outside the cable harness, perform connector wiggle test and check cables with an ohmmeter if necessary.
15. Loose or corroded wire connection at the coil or plug between ignition sensor and ECM module.
16. Spark plug cables in bad condition and shorting check for spark leakage in the dark, cable connections loose, or connected to the wrong cylinders.
17. Ignition timing incorrect due to a faulty ignition coil, ignition module or MAP, CMP, CKP, O2, TPS, ETP, IAC sensors.
18. Faulty neutral, clutch lever, or kickstand safety switch.
19. Faulty fuel pump or fuse or relay.
20. A stuck bent or burnt valve.
21. Tilt sensor needs a reset.
22. Security system not disarming alarm needs a reset.
23. Check for engine trouble codes.
For more information about your issue and valuable "FREE" downloads that you will need please click on the blue links below. Good luck and have a wonderful day.
http://modernvespa.com/forum/wiki--won-t-start-diagnosis-for-beginners
The Ultimate GY6 Starter Ignition Troubleshooting Tutorial
VESPA PK 50 Service Manual
https://www.oemmotorparts.com/oem2.asp?M=vespa
http://www.motorcyclespecs.co.za/bikes/Vespa.htm

Posted on May 24, 2017

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SOURCE: 1980 Yamaha XS 400 Special First,

First, you need a good battery. The bike does have electronic ignition. Soak the carbs in denatured alcohol for two hours after removing the float bowls, then clean with spray cleaner. Spray into every large and small hole you can find. Remove the rubber diaphragm from the center of carb prior to cleaning. New diaphragms are $196 each. Check all fuses. Put in new spark plugs, NGK-BP7ES. Clean the air filter. Get a can of spray starter fluid and spray on the air filter. The rubber mounts for the carbs are likely to be a problem once it gets running. It looks like they are still available at Babbitt's, $53 each. If un-carburetored air can get into the joints it will lean the fuel mix and cause uncontrollable high idle.

Before you sink a lot of money into the bike, check for spark. If spark is present, coast the bike down a good sized hill without any spark plugs being installed. Put the bike in 3rd gear as you go downhill then let the clutch out to turn the engine over. Now ( using the clutch lever ), shift through all the gears then neutral. If the bike will not shift properly it likely has a bent shift fork. I can't find any forks avaiable. With a bad tranny I would put it back in the dirt floor building and find a newer bike. Here is a link to Babbitt's. Please rate my answer. Thanks.
www.babbittsonline.com/pages/parts/viewbybrand/default.aspx

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