Question about Motorcycles
I have been fouling plugs every since I purchased bike. I have to put in a new plug evrytime i go riding. I do some soft riding with the kids and some hard riding as well. I have tried a hotter plug and it helps a bit, but still fouling about every 3rd ride. I even took it to yamaha and all they said was to put a hotter plug in. Did I buy a defective bike? What can I do to solve this problem? There's nothing worse than having to push your bike back to the truck.....
Hi, Joey assuming it's a 2 stroke the usual suspects are:
1. The first thing to do if your spark plug has been fouled is to check the air filter. If it's really dirty, that makes it difficult for air to get through to the engine, causing a rich condition. Either clean it thoroughly with some Air Filter Cleaner or buy a new filter. Before you put it back in the air-box, treat with a fine mist of some air filter oil or spray. "WARNING" adding too much oil can also clog up the filter, resulting in another fouled plug.
2. While the gas/oil ratio doesn't equate to what the jetting is, you can still foul plugs, or worse, if the mixture is wrong. Depending on your bike, it's best to look at your owner's manual for the correct ratio. For most 2-stroke motocross bikes, a ratio is 32:1 or 40:1, the gas being 32 or 40, and oil being 1. For those that don't it, it means that for every 128 ounces (one gallon) of gas, you add 4 ounces of 2-stroke oil for a 32:1 ration, or just over 3 ounces for a 40:1 ratio.
If you have too much oil in the mixture (such as 12:1), then you will probably end up fouling the plug because it is more difficult to burn that much oil. Don't try to cut corners with the oil though, because it's very important for your dirt bike's engine. 2-stokes need the oil for lubrication on the cylinder walls, so if you don't have enough (or any for that matter) then the cylinder walls will run dry, causing it to overheat and seize the engine very quickly. So it's very important that you put in the right mixture pre-mix to your 2-stroke gas tank.
Also, 2-strokes have reeds that air and fuel go through into the cylinder, so if they are cracked or broken the bike will not run right. This could cause the plug to foul, so before you go out and buy anything expensive, make sure the reeds are in good condition.
3. While this usually isn't the main problem, it could be that your spark plug isn't burning hot enough. Having a hotter spark will ignite the fuel stronger, leaving less residual gas/oil in the cylinder that could cause the plug to foul. This "ISN'T" the best choice, but I'd say it's safe to go one plug hotter than stock. Keep an eye on the plug color you're looking for a light tan color anything whiter and you could burn a hole in your piston. Spark plug manufacturers aren't always the same, so make sure you find out how they rate them.
4. Almost every motocross bike comes rich from the factory (especially Honda 2-Strokes when they were being made). It's usually a pretty simple fix, but many riders are too lazy and would rather continue buying plugs instead of spending a few bucks on jets.
5. Piston rings badly worn or broken.
6. Faulty ignition coil low output.
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Posted on Jun 06, 2017
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
Hi and welcome to FixYa,
Offhand, the only factor to be checked that could foul a sparkplug for your bike would be the 2T oil injector/pump. There is too much 2T oil going to the combustion chamber. Either the injector would require restricting or for some reason, there is also 2T oil in the fuel tank (pre-mix).
Good luck and Thank you for using FixYa. Happy Holidays.
Posted on Dec 07, 2008
Based on the information given, I think you may have a hole in the top of the piston. It sounds like pre-ignition, ( AKA detonation and engine knock ). Pull the cylinder head and check the piston and cylinder head. Sometimes the top outer edge of the piston disintegrates due to the heat. Replace the piston and rings and remove the carbon from the head. Be sure you run 32/1 mix on gas and oil. That's 4oz two stroke oil per gallon of gas. Only use premium gas.
Remove and clean the carb. Be sure the carb mount bolts and carb manifold bolts are tight. An air leak will cause the engine to run hot.
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Posted on Apr 07, 2009
Sounds like a lean condition. Spark plug should be a tan brown.
I would say the carb probably wasn't drained prior to storage and your main jet is gummed up. Gas deteriorates very quickly especially in vented containers like the float bowl of a carb.
clean your carb for sure.
Posted on May 20, 2009
The cylinder is the coil. It might be bad but it is expensive and you would not replace it till you know for sure there is no spark. You can take the plug out and then put it on the wire and ground it against the engine while a friend cranks the starter. Look for the spark flash. Make sure the kill switch is in the "on" position.
If that shows a spark then you will need to move into a different line of troubleshooting. I always recommend that people buy a Clymer manual.
Posted on Jul 31, 2009
it will be down to adjustment, there are 2 ways to adjust one close to the engine casing and one at the lever just have to get a good balance :)
Posted on Apr 11, 2010
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