It still sounds like that roller ball is missing. Do you have a manual to check for exact location? Yamahas have them on the casing side but not sure about Hondas. It is REALLY easy to drop out without being seen.
Parts in that casing do not usuall "weld" themselves together unless someone has really been abusting the clutch. Could be the clutch spring has lost some tension but no way to tell without comparing it with a new one. If you had a manual or even a friendly dealer you could find out proper specs. for the spring and then measure yours.
Don't just start replacing parts without verifying they have failed. It can just get expensive and not solve anything.
If you have a digital camera, take a picture of the assembly you believe to be seized together and email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
I will see what I can figure out.
How many hours / km on the bike? Clutch plates may be kaput but you don't mention clutch slipping?
Don't cut the cable yet. If you do, just trim it to about mid adjustment. It is easy to cut a bit more than cut too short! Either way, cutting is a bodge job. Best to find root cause and fix it.
Send me pictures if you can.