Question about Motorcycles
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
The advance timing should be 35° before Top Dead Center. This is how you find out which mark this is.
Get the rear wheel of the bike off the ground, remove the spark plugs, shift the bike into fourth gear, and remove the timing plug from the left engine case.
Now, take an ordinary PLASTIC DRINKING STRAW and insert it into the front spark plug hole. Do not use anything else or you stand a chance of it breaking and then you'll have to pull the head to get it out. The plastic straw will bend but not break.
Bump the rear wheel in the direction that it turns while riding down the road until the piston pushes the straw all the way up and just barely starts going back down. Look into the timing hole. You should see a timing mark. This is the Top Dead Center mark. Now, bump the rear wheel BACKWARDS until you see another mark. This should be the ADVANCED TIMING MARK. The piston should 7/16" down from top dead center.
On this model Sportster the timing is advanced by a mechanical advance mechanism. These units are notorious for wearing out and not contolling the timing very well. You must remove the breaker plate to inspect this mechanism. Mark the position of the plate before you remove it. If the pins and holes in the flyweights are worn, replace the unit. Replace it with a good needle bearing unit. Replace the points and reset the gap at 0.018 - 0.020".
Posted on Sep 24, 2009
SOURCE: I need to install a
Been a long time since I've done one of those. Let me brush some cobwebs aside and see if I remember how I did it. The magneto fired Sportster engine was equipped with a mechanical left handlebar ignition advance mechanism. You retarded the timing, got the engine fired, and then advanced the timing using the left handlebar grip that was similar to the throttle. When installing the magneto, make sure you install it with it in it's retarded position which is with the body of the magneto at it's maximum clockwise rotation when viewed from the top of the magneto.
The manneto drive shaft will turn as you drop the unit into the cases. You must turn the drive shaft to a position so that when you drop the magneto into the cam gear case it rotates to a point to where it is just about to open the points. I remove the timing plug of the engine and bring the front cylinder up on Top Dead Center on the compression stroke with the mark in the middle of the hole. Then I'd connect an ohm meter, a "buzz box" or simply use a piece of celophane wrap off a cigarette pack placed between the closed points to give me an indication of exactly when the points began to open. I'd rotate the mag until the points just barely opened with the Front Cylinder TDC mark in the hole. This is setting your initial timing at Top Dead Center on the front cylinder. Once the engine is started, you can set the timing using a timing light to set it the max advance timing to the front cylinder advanced timing mark. With the engine running, advance the timing using the handlebar grip. To adjust the front cylinder timing, connect a timing light to the front cylinder spark plug wire. Shine the light in the hole, loosen the clamp that holds the mag and adjust the magneto position until the front cylinder advanced timing mark is in the hole. Tighten the clamp. When you kill the engine, you turn the handlebar grip back to ****** the magneto. Usually, this results in an initial retarde timing of about 5-7° BTDC.
I hope this helps.
Posted on Jul 01, 2011
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