Jack the car up, remove the left front tire and turn the wheel all the way in one direction. If you have the alternator loose, it should come right out that lovely little hole. It might take a bit of wiggling, but I've done it on my 1991 honda civic (end run 88-91) and my mom's 88 honda civic wagon.
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You should remove the bumper cover and take a look and make sure that the cover is not broken, its all plastic and the hold down arms sometimes break off and bumper will hang, also look for missing or loose fastners,
Removing the rear-mounted alternator on early 1990s Civics and CRX can
be frustrating. After removing the upper adjusting bracket bolt and the
lower pivot bolt, the alternator can *almost* come out the top and
almost fits behind the intake manifold.
The only easy exit path is out the left wheel well. Side access
requires removing the wheel and unfastening three of the plastic
retainers holding the upper end of the splash guard. But even this
doesn't provide quite enough room. You need to tuck the alternator back
under the intake, unbolt the lower alternator bracket (two bolts, 14mm
socket) before the alternator can be removed.
Alternators are held in by 2 bolts, and a fan belt running thru the alternator puller. The 1st bolts is one the one that allows you to pivot the alternator to take up the slack on the fanbelt. The fanbelt runs from a puller wheel which is spun by the engine. The 2nd bolt is the one which allows the alternator to pivot on during the adjustment mentioned above.
See here (and also google it): http://auto.howstuffworks.com/alternator6.htm
I would also strongly suggest purchasing either a Haynes or Chilton Manual, available at most auto parts stores. It has specific information you will need incuding the Torque Specifications for each and every Bolt and Nut you will be removing. Cost is $20-$25 fo the manuals.
Let me know if this helped, or if you have additional information or questions. Feel Free to contact me at FixYa.com!
Have you changed the fuel filter? If your battery has power in it it is not the alternator. If the alternator is not charging the engine will become slugish as the battery power nears zero and the light will become dimmer and dimmer until they go out.