'99 Grand Am have a plastic water outlet located on the back of the engine. (Same side as the battery). It is installed using a thin O-ring. Antifreeze is corrosive and weakens the O-ring causing a leak. Because of the location the leak can be almost undetectable. Replace the O-ring, but becareful not to break the water outlet.
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How hot does it get in degrees F? Does the radiator fan work? Some fans won't turn on till about 220 degrees F.
Could have blockage in radiator or engine block? Check the water pump. Your serpentine belt ok? Could be gasket issues? Any coolant in the oil or oil in the coolant. Check your coolant temp sensor. Don't replace anything unless your testing points in that direction. Are you losing coolant?
overheating sound like faulty thermostat.thermostat either sticking close or could have blown headgasket if you see a lot of white smoke coming out of exhaust.if headgasket is leaking check engine oil should look milky.also check water pump look around weep hole or see coolant leaking around water pump replace water pump.also check water pump drive belt.make sure drive belt not loose slipping.
COULD BE THERMOSTAT IF TOP RADIATOR HOSE IS NOT HOT AND BOTTOM RADIATOR HOSE GOING TO WATER PUMP IS HOT THE THERMOSTAT STICKING PARTIALLY CLOSE.IF TOP HOSE IS HOT THE RADIATOR,ENGINE BLOCK HEATER CORE NEED FLUSHING OUT.IF WATER PUMP WEEP HOLE LEAKING REPLACE WATER PUMP, FAULTY WATER PUMP WILL CAUSE ENGINE TO OVER HEAT.REPLACE RADIATOR CAP MAKE SURE YOU HAVE 50 / 50 MIX SOLUTION ANTIFREEZE AND WATER IN COOLANT SYSTEM. IF ALL LOOKS GOOD CHECK ENGINE OIL ON DIP STICK, IF OIL IN DIP STICK LOOK LIKE MILKSHAKE YOU HAVE BLOWED HEAD GASKET THAT WILL CAUSE ENGINE OVERHEATING WHILE DRIVING CAR IN SHORT DISTANCE AND ENGINE OVERHEATING.
OVERHEATING CAN BE CAUSE BY MANY THINGS LIKE FAULTY THERMOSTAT AND FAULTY RADIATOR PRESSURE CAP,TOO MUCH WATER IN COOLANT SYSTEM NEED 50 / 50 WATER AND ANTIFREEZE.LOOK FOR WATER PUMP WEEP HOLE LEAK, IF COOLANT LEAKING OUT WEEP HOLE WATER PUMP BAD NEED REPLACING.CHECK FOR LOW COOLANT LEVEL, YOUR RADIATOR OVERFLOW JUG SHOULD HAVE COOLANT AT THE FULL COLD MARK IF NOT KEEP ADDING COOLANT INTO COOLANT OVERFLOW JUG UNTIL COOLANT STOP DROPPING AND FULL COLD MARK, IF OVERFLOW COOLANT JUG WAS EMPTY RADIATOR IS LOW ON COOLANT.WHICH CAUSE AIR IN COOLANT SYSTEM KEEPING THE ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR FROM BEING SUBMERGE IN HOT COOLANT WHICH TURN ON THE COOLANT FANS.WHEN ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE GET CERTAIN SET TEMPERATURE LIKE 190 DEGREES THE PCM AND COOLANT SENSOR WILL TURN ON COOLANT FANS, IF VECHICLE OVERHEATING COOLANT FANS NOT WORKING EITHER YOU HAVE FAULTY ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR CHECK COOLANT FANS FUSE AND RELAYS. YOU CAN CODE SCAN CAR TO SEE IF YOU HAVE FAULTY PCM, FAULTY ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR OR FAULTY COOLANT FAN RELAY.IF COOLANT FAN AND ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR OKAY,YOU HAVE CORRECT COOLANT LEVEL IN COOLANT SYSTEM, THERMOSTAT AND RADIATOR PRESSURE CAP BEEN REPLACED, YOU COULD HAVE BLOWN HEAD GASKET CHECK ENGINE OIL LOOKS LIKE MILK SHAKE HEAD GASKET BLOWED ALSO WHEN HEAD GASKET BLOWED YOU CAN DRIVE CAR SHORT DISTANCE START OVERHEATING AND YOU LOOSE ENGINE POWER SUSPECT BLOWED HEAD GASKET.
replace the temperature sending unit. Its right there by the thermostat. You can get this at any auto parts store. just need an open end wrench to change it. they do go bad(found out the hard way several years back). I hope this helps you
Did you have the thermostat replaced when they did the water pump, as this might be stuck closed and preventing circulation of the water and overheating.....
To check, top the system back up with just water, and run until hot. Switch engine off and feel both radiator hoses, they should be the same temperature, if one is hot and the other cold/lukewarm, the thermostat is stuck closed or partially open.
thermostat should be replace on over heated engine, the spring loses tension, probaly not problem, most like head gasket if over heated severly, if you have a air pocket & wornt purge thats one sign,press test on cold engine let sit at start up run slightly rough may see & smell coolant at tail pipe, could also pull plugs may have one wet all crude checks, there is also chemical you put in coolant & use a a stripe for combustion I think napa or snap on sells, alsoyou could do tear down & inspection wish you luck not sure what engine or car you have grand am or grand prix my guess a GP with poss 3.4 more likely then 3800 engine
The best way to flush it would be to take off the bottom radiator hose and pump water through the fill nozzle after all the coolent is out you can then hook the hose back up and replace it with new coolant.
you have to change your Heater Core. Your Antifreeze moves in a circular motion from Radiator to Thermostat through engine to your heater core back to your radiator. If there is no circulation, your engine is going to overheat. I had the same problem with my Pontiac Grand Prix.