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Re: engine starter 93 xj6 4.0 of course
The started is located on the left rear corner of the engine, ontop of the car, not underneath.
If you look in the engine bay down ontop of the transmission on the elft rear corner you can see it.
I do not suggest hitting it with a hammer, most of these started now have plastic gears unlike the older ones.
Usually it wont come to life by hitting it.
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I have seen this problem a few times....I need more information as mileage,has it been serviced properly..and so on...By the sound of it I'm going to assume you have taken care of it and if so the engine is not locked up because I have seen people think their engine was locked up....The starter should be locked up or just not working at all because of a burnt out solenoid..when some starters get very hot the shaft will freeze up and weld itself locked..The alternator can lock up as well but it will normally give you a warning sound of bearing failure and or burn up your belt..so will a water pump..and an air conditioner unit...If you have any tools and are mechanically inclined you can check it...It is worth the time.The quickest way to find out is to check the starter...You will need to put the car on jack-stands or car ramps to remove the starter..Set parking brake,block wheels.. safety glasses and be sure engine is cool.under vehicle locate starter.look at the bottom side of the engine to the side of the oil pan and it mounts to the transmission...Disconnect battery cables.locate starter wiring,mark where wires go with colored tape or small colored tie straps and disconnect starter wires ..There should only be 2 or 3 bolts holding starter...Remove starter and inspect the flywheel through the hole where the starter was mounted..Check for flywheel damage..It is possible for catastrophic transmission failure lock-up but it would warn you as well...lay starter on clean area..inspect the starter drive gear and solenoid..You may see damage ..Get good set of jumper cables and attach positive jumper cable to positive car battery post..Carefully set the other end of positive jumper cable to the side without touching anything... Now connect negative jumper cable to negative starter post and to negative battery post..Make sure all have a good connection....Be sure they connect good..Now locate the area where the small starter wire was connected on the starter solenoid.this is called the starter wire..it should be labeled with an S on the starter solenoid where the small wire went..Be sure all have a good connection..Now take the positive cable end that you set to the side and lightly touch the small post where the small starter was connected..The starter may jump or move a little..DONT TOUCH ANYTHING BUT THE SMALL POST..If the starter gear don't turn you know it is locked up If it spins freely it is good..IF it seems to be good you can try to turn engine over ...double check chock blocks and park brake..put car in neutral use pry bar to try and turn engine over at flywheel area..Or at front of engine at harmonic balancer pulley bolt with big strong ratchet socket ..you may need an assist to look at all other components to be sure they are not locked up as you turn engine over..(If it will)..If all seems good you probably have engine problems....I hope this will give you some idea..."..........Brooks/Metalpoet......
Do head lights stay on (bright) while trying to crank starter? If not, starter motor isn't getting enough current, OR engine is locked. Is there current getting through the solenoid to starter motor? Check the ground connection between the engine and chassis as well as battery and chassis.
Sounds like you accidently pulled the thin wire from you starter motor. Look at the connections at the end of the solenoid, mounted on starter motor.The thick red wire is Battery + next to that connection is a smaller male push- on terminal, locate loose wire (thin) in the same area and reconnect to male push-on terminal on solenoid or check if earth cable between body/battery to engine wasnt removed in the process.Also some vehicles you have to engage the clutch before starting, check for a switch located on clutch pedal where master cylinder connects to clutch pedal (Is clutch switch mounted and wiring connected?)
Probably a short or loose connection between battery and starter motor, or on either end of cables. Id look there before swapping out starter.On cold days you might put a heater under car for a few hours before using it,do this carefully as to avoid a car fire, or look into a block heater for your engine.