Question about 2001 Nissan Sentra

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1998 Nissan Sentra xe Starter motor does not run

When I turn the ignition switch to start position nothing happens.The red lights on the pannel stai firm red. Seems like there is no curent circuit from the swith to the motor. It is interrupted someware. I do not know the configuration of the circuit where to look for this malfunction.

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Is your car an automatic? If it is, the most likely cause is the safety switch is not properly engaged when you put the shift into Park. Try pushing the shifterall the way up hard till the stop, or push the shifter to Neutral then turn the ignition key.

In automatic transmision, there is a built in safety switch preventing the engine from starting when the gear lever is not in Park or Neutral. Over time, the switch wears out and you dont get proper contact to make a closed circuit. Hope this works for you.

Posted on Oct 23, 2008

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It sounds like the ignition switch has failed, to test this go to the starter and have someone hold the key in the start position, see if there is 12 volts (use a test light) at the starter solenoid, if not check the switch, do you have a aftermarket alarm, they are famous for these kinds of problems of no crank, as they interrupt the signal to the starter, if you do have one disconnect it.

Posted on Aug 25, 2008

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Try looking at the relay in the power distribution box under hood or a blown fuse.

Posted on Aug 25, 2008

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1 Answer

Starter not getting voltage


The starter gets powered by the solenoid which is energized when the ignition key is turned to the start position. Look at the picture below and read the sequence of operation below it. Once you find out what is NOT happening - you can troubleshoot back from there.

8_23_2012_9_53_22_pm.jpg

The IGNITION KEY SWITCH is connected by a small wire to the terminal in the GREEN circle on the SOLENOID. The battery is connected by a thick, heavy cable to the terminal in the RED circle of the SOLENOID. The terminal in the YELLOW circle of the SOLENOID is connected to a thick, heavy cable that goes directly into the STARTER MOTOR.

The -12 volts from the battery is connected to the car's engine, frame and body. The entire car has -12 volts available to all electric (and mechanical) parts, so only one wire is needed to energize those parts.

When the key is held in the START position, +12 volts from the battery is passed through the IGNITION SWITCH to the GREEN terminal on the SOLENOID. This causes the SOLENOID to (1) become energized, (2) internally physically connects the +12 volts RED terminal to the YELLOW terminal and (3) physically engages the STARTER to the engine's flywheel. When this happens, the +12 volts from the battery appears on the YELLOW terminal; and directly into the STARTER MOTOR. The STARTER MOTOR spins. Since it is engaging the flywheel, the flywheel turns too and the engine attempts to start. Once the engine is running, the key is released. The SOLENOID (1) becomes de-energized (2) opens the physical connection between the RED and YELLOW terminals, (3) disengages the STARTER MOTOR from the flywheel and the STARTER MOTOR stops spinning.

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1 Answer

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1 Answer

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1 Answer

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1 Answer

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Hi Jim.

When you turn the key, you should at least hear the starter solenoid click. When you turn the key the ignition switch sends 12 volts to the Starter solenoid ( really just a relay). The Solenoid closes and applies 12 volts (at a high current) to the starter motor to crank the engine. If you have a way to measure voltage, you should get 12 volts at the small terminal on the starter solenoid. The solenoid is mounted on the top of the starter motor.If you get 12 volts but no cranking, the solenoid is not working. If you get 12 volts and the starter doesn't crank the starter is defective. At this [point take a small hammer and tap the starter motor, not hard, just medium. Sometimes this will cause the starter motor to catch next time you turn the key. Best bet is to remove the starter motor (with solenoid attached) and take it to an Auto Zone type store where they can check it out for you. Be dure you disconnect the ground terminal of the battery before you attempt to remove the starter motor.

Hope this helps Good luck loringh PS Please leave a rating for me if appropriate Thks

Nov 17, 2008 | 1991 Nissan Sentra 2 Door

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