Question about 1998 Ford Explorer

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My wipers are not working right. They will run in the low speed and high. But they will not park or run in intermittent settings. We check the motor it is ok. Is there a wiper control unit some were in the car?

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The wiper motor is the control unit, it can move fine and still be bad. you need a wiper motor

Posted on May 20, 2011

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Wiper control module location on a 2000 f250


Did you check the wiper relay's in the under hood fuse box ? There are two ,wiper run/park relay & wiper high low relay ! Also ,did you check fuse's ? fuse # 11 - 30amp location cental juction box . The wiper switch is a input to the GEM module . Generic electronic module . The module in most cases isn't the problem ! Learning how to test these electronic systems is , people do not know how to test so they just replace parts . What they should do is take the vehicle to ford certified Technician who has the knowledge and testing equipment to find an fix it .

The generic electronic module (GEM) receives inputs from the following:
  • multifunction switch
  • anti-lock brake control module (vehicle speed signal [VSS])
  • ignition switch
The GEM uses these inputs to control the outputs to the following:
  • windshield wiper high/low relay
  • windshield wiper run/park relay
  • windshield washer relay
  • rear wiper motor relay
  • rear window washer relay

  • GEM Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTC Description Source Action B1240 Wiper Washer Rear Pump Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test K . B1241 Wiper Washer Rear Pump Relay Circuit Short to Battery + GEM GO to Pinpoint Test K . B1342 ECU is Defective GEM CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the GEM self-test. If DTC B1342 is retrieved, INSTALL a new GEM. REFER to Section 419-10 . B1431 Wiper Brake/Run Relay Circuit Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If the windshield wipers stay on continuously, GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1432 Wiper Brake/Run Relay Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1434 Wiper Hi/Low Speed Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test D . B1436 Wiper Hi/Low Speed Relay Coil Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test D . B1438 Wiper Mode Select Switch Circuit Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If both the windshield and rear window wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test L . B1441 Wiper Mode Select Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1446 Wiper Park Sense Circuit Failure GEM If the intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E .
    If the speed dependent interval mode does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test G .
    If both windshield and rear wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test L . B1450 Wiper Wash/Delay Switch Circuit Failure GEM If the intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E .
    If the wash and wipe function does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test F .
    If both the windshield and rear wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test L . B1453 Wiper Wash/Delay Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM If the windshield wipers stay on continuously, GO to Pinpoint Test C .
    If the wash and wipe function does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1458 Wiper Washer Pump Motor Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1460 Wiper Washer Pump Motor Relay Coil Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1473 Wiper Low Speed Circuit Motor Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If the windshield wipers do not operate at high or low speed correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test D .
    If the intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E . B1475 Accessory Delay Relay Contact Short to Battery GEM REFER to Section 501-11 . B1476 Wiper High Speed Circuit Motor Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If the windshield wipers do not operate at high or low speed correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test D .
    If the intermittent windshield wiper does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E . B1611 Rear Wiper Mode Switch Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . B1614 Rear Wiper Mode Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test I . B1820 Rear Wiper Motor Up Relay Circuit Short to Battery + GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . B1839 Rear Wiper Motor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . - All other DTCs. GEM REFER to Section 419-10

Jun 06, 2017 | Ford F-250 Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

I have a 2009 gmc sierra, where is the wiper relay location.


The PCB wiper relays are soldered directly to circuit board inside the under hood fuse box.
The windshield wiper/washer switch signal circuits are inputs to the body control module (BCM) and the BCM controls wiper motor low speed operation, washer pump and high speed operation. The windshield wiper/washer switch is provided a low reference from the BCM and each of the switch signal circuits is supplied 12 volts through a resistor and monitored within the BCM. During LOW or INTERMITTENT operation the wiper switch low signal circuit is closed to the low reference circuit through a series of resistors within the switch assembly and the signal circuit voltage monitored by the BCM will depend on the switch contact location to the resistor assembly. During HIGH or WASH operation the high and wash switch signal circuits are closed directly to the low reference circuit within the switch assembly and nearly all the signal circuit voltage will be dropped across the BCM resistors. The BCM controls the wiper motor through the WIPER CONTROL PCB Relay and the WIPER SPEED PCB Relay. During any wiper motor function that uses low speed the BCM supplies the voltage to energize the WIPER CONTROL PCB Relay and battery voltage will be supplied from the WIPER CONTROL PCB Relay through the de-energized WIPER SPEED PCB Relay to the wiper motor low speed control circuit. During high speed wiper motor operation the WIPER CONTROL PCB Relay is energized as in low speed and the BCM provides a ground to energize the WIPER SPEED PCB Relay and the battery voltage is supplied to the wiper motor high speed control circuit. Wiper motor park operation is controlled by the BCM using an input from the park switch within the wiper motor assembly. The BCM supplies the park switch signal circuit 12 volts through a resistor then monitors the circuit. Whenever the wiper motor is out of the park position the park switch signal circuit is closed to ground and nearly all the signal circuit voltage will be dropped across the BCM resistor. When the wiper switch is turned to the OFF position while the wiper motor is somewhere in mid-cycle, the BCM will continue to operate the motor until the wipers reach the park position. If the ignition is turned OFF while the wipers are in mid-cycle, the wipers will stop immediately where they are and the BCM will park the wipers the next time the ignition is cycled ON.

DTC B3715 02: Front Wiper Relay Drive Circuit Short to Ground
DTC B3875 00: Wiper High Speed Relay Circuit
DTC B3922 00: Front Wiper Function Select Circuit
Have it checked for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes .

The body control module (BCM) controls the wiper motor based on input from the windshield wiper washer switch. The BCM monitors the wiper washer switch through three separate signal circuits and a ground circuit. The windshield wiper switch high signal circuit is used to determine high speed wiper operation, the windshield wiper switch low signal is used to determine low speed, intermittent, and mist operation through the use of a resistor ladder, and windshield washer switch signal circuit is used to determine washer operation.
The BCM controls the windshield wiper motor through two output controls, controlling two relays which determine the desired wiper speed, high or low.
Your best bet , take your vehicle to a qualified repair shop or dealer . Hooking up a factory scan tool to see what the wiper switch inputs to the BCM are correct and outputs to relays are good .

Feb 11, 2017 | GMC Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

2005 ford escape wiper and washer has no power. cant hear it engage when on but was working a week ago. how can i troubleshoot it and find the fuse


Hi Justin , Do you know what a SJB - smart junction box is and where it is located on you escape ?
Windshield Wiper Operation
The smart junction box (SJB) supplies power to the multifunction switch from the SJB fuse 25 (20A) when the ignition switch is in the ON or ACC position. The multifunction switch supplies power to the windshield wiper motor for the HIGH or LOW/INTERMITTENT input, depending on the multifunction switch position selected. The SJB also supplies power directly to the windshield wiper motor from fuse 25 (20A) when the ignition switch is in the ON or ACC position for RUN/PARK operation. When the multifunction switch is in the LOW, HIGH, or INTERMITTENT position, power is supplied to the windshield wiper motor, which moves the wipers off the park position. Once the wipers are off the park position, an internal switch in the windshield wiper motor switches to the run/park position which directs power to the wiper switch then back to the wiper motor. This maintains power to the windshield wiper motor to complete the wipe cycle. When the cycle is complete, the internal switch in the windshield wiper motor switches back to the park position. If the multifunction switch is in the LOW or HIGH position, power is supplied from the multifunction switch and another wipe cycle starts. If the multifunction switch is in the INTERMITTENT position, the windshield wipers remain parked until the internal relay in the multifunction switch supplies power to the windshield wiper motor. The internal relay supplies power after a time delay that is determined by the 1 of 9 intermittent switch settings.

Jan 08, 2017 | 2005 Ford Escape

2 Answers

What is the relay location in the relay box


The problem would be in the stalk controller. The wiper Relay is what provides power to the motor for all settings, the delayed wipers, low speed, and high speed. There are not 3 relays, but 1 for all functions. If you have power to the high setting, the relay is working.

Jul 27, 2014 | 1998 Ford Ranger

2 Answers

Intermittent wiper


what car, what year? gee? a suz, what?
it can only be 4 things. (all cars)
1: the wiper motor is bad. (it has contacts inside for timing.
2: the wiper shaft is stripped, nah you said both stalled.
3: the wiring is bad.
4: the combo switch for the above is bad.

DIY, with what , no tools? no meter.?
with no tools one can only GUESS,
roll dice, and replace a part.
after spending $500 on parts and the wires are good then what.
yes, buy a meter.

it could be a bad ground wire.

when you turn on most wipers, the combo switch sends
that signal( just 12v ) to the motor.
the motor is self booting, that is , it only needs the start up
and then it self provides its own power,
ive restored wiper motors, many.
then the motor runs until it his the dead spot in ITS, internal
sustain switch and the halts. if the combo switch is off.
but if the wiper fails to return, this is a bad wiper motor.
(overloaded by ice, sure)
the motor can fail 2 ways, but
id say the sustain switch is at EOL. end of life.

this is the most common design.
check your FSM for yours. the factor service manual.
or alldata dot com. sure.

Sep 25, 2013 | Suzuki Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is the wiper relay


A wiring diagram doesn't show a relay, just a 25 amp fuse in fuse panel under driver's side of dash. Intermittent working is usually from a loose or poor or corroded connection, or the switch is old and tired, or the motor is old and tired.
Here is one way to check, if you have a test light: when the wipers are not working with wiper switch on high, and key is on, pull off the connector to the wiper/washer motor module (in the engine bay, on the firewall) and check if the purple wire has power. If it does, you probably need to replace the module. Inside the module is a park relay switch (to return wipers to down position when turned off) and a circuit breaker between the motor and ground.
If the purple wire does not have power when key is on and wipers on high, the connection is lost between the switch and the module, or the switch may be malfunctioning. The switch has 5 wires, white wire from 25 amp fuse (power in to switch), a pink wire (for the washer motor), a purple wire (high speed wipers), a dark green wire (low speed wipers), and a gray wire (for the park relay switch inside the wiper/washer motor module). If you see a yellow wire also at the module, that is part of the low speed wiper circuit (the dark green wire) coming from the park relay switch and then to the motor.
Good luck. Post back if further questions, or need more help.

Jun 06, 2013 | 1983 Chevrolet Celebrity

1 Answer

Wipers would not park, customer forced down wiper arm and broke off arm. Now no electric to wipers.


Before 1995 Ford interval wiper systems mainly consisted of a switch, the motor and the interval governor (also called the wiper control module or 'WCM'). The basic wiper systems just parked the wipers at the end of their travel at the base of the windshield and involved just one park switch.

The more complex systems not only stopped the wipers at the base of the windshield, but would actually recess them below the windshield to park them. This involved using two park switches to turn the wiper motor in a reverse direction. These were installed on the Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis, Town Car, Taurus and Sable.

The wiper switch (named 'Multi-Function Switch' on most models) had a common return or ground circuit and two input or signal circuits to the WCM. Basically, the switch was two modified potentiometers that varied the resistance to ground for the two signal circuits. When the wiper switch was placed in the low or high position, the WCM looked at only one of the circuits- the 'mode input' -and controlled the wiper motor accordingly. If the wiper switch was placed in any of the interval positions, the mode input told the WCM that the switch was in an interval position. The WCM then looked at the second input - the 'delay input' - and used it to determine the amount of delay between wipes.

1) To run the wipers on low or high speed, the WCM provided constant power to the wiper motor on the proper circuit to provide the requested speed. Dual park switch motors
1.1 The first park switch operated basically in the same way as the single switch systems.
1.2 The second park switch worked in the opposite manner- when the wipers were off the park position, the second switch provided a ground for the wiper motor. Power and ground were now provided by the park switches.
1.3 When the wipers needed to park, the polarity of the switches changed, and thus provided reversed voltage to drive the motor in the opposite direction.

2) To run the interval wipers, the WCM applied voltage to the wiper motor only momentarily to get the wipers off the parked position.
3) The electro-mechanical park switch made a circuit between the power feed in and the output to the WCM. Power was provided from the park switch through the WCM and back to the wiper motor.
4) When the wipers reached the park position, the park switch made a circuit between the ground and the output to the WCM, and the motor stopped running. The wiper motor and the wiper switch have remained much the same as the single park switch motors of the past.

The main difference is that the switch has become an input to the GEM instead of the WCM.
1) When the wiper switch is placed in the low or high position, the Run-Park relay is grounded by the GEM to provide constant voltage to the High-Low relay, which then provides voltage to the proper circuit of the wiper motor.
2) High-Low relay is in the low speed position unless grounded by the GEM.
3) The park switch not only feeds the Run-Park relay but is now also an input to the GEM. This tells the GEM when the wipers are in the parked position so it can de-energize the Run-Park relay.
4) When any of the interval positions are selected, the Run-Park relay is momentarily grounded to get the wipers off the parked position
5) The park switch then provides voltage to the other set of contacts in the Run-Park relay.
6) When the GEM de-energizes the Run- Park relay, voltage is still provided from the park switch to the High-Low relay and the wipers complete the stroke.

Click over diagrams for zoom:

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Hope this helps.

Feb 08, 2011 | 1993 Mercury Grand Marquis

1 Answer

1998 Toyota Camry wipers don't park and only work on low & hi.


Really from experience I will advice you have the wiper motor replaced.

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Dec 30, 2009 | 2000 Toyota Camry

2 Answers

Wipers do not work in intermittent position. They do work in low and high speeds but do not automatically return to the park position. They stop wherever you turn the switch off.


i belive that your wiper switch has gone out on the intermittent side. this is a very common problem.
I hope this helps you
Thanks
Please leave rating

Apr 21, 2009 | 2000 Isuzu Amigo

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