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Front alignment What nuts and bolts do I turn to adjust/correct alignment

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  • 142 Answers

You cannot/should not attempt to adjust alignment without having an alignment machine at hand. There are many settings related to wheel alignment: Toe, camber, caster, scrub, thrust angle. Usually, shims are needed for caster modifications, for toe you need to rotate the tie rods, etc... Every different model has a different setup. With the relatively low cost of a 4 wheel professional alignment today, I would not recommend attempting this yourself. Whatever money you save you'll pay triple or more in tire wear, and soon enough.

Posted on Aug 12, 2008

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I am not asking for specs i am asking were and do i turn to adjust my toe and camber issues in the rear of my van


rear end alignment is by means of eccentric mounting bolts in the suspension bushes
Ford uses a system of an off set washer under the head of the bolt that rubs against a stop so loosen of the nut and turn the head
that makes the washer turn and moves the setting of the alignment
It should only be done on a wheel alignment machine as very little movement makes a vast difference in the setting
true qualified wheel aligners will always check the rear alignment before doing the front as the back sets up the front for long tire life

Sep 17, 2016 | 1998 Ford Windstar

1 Answer

How can I adjust the front torsion bars?


loosen of the lock nut on the adjuster bolt and then turn it in to increase the tension in the torsion bars
if turning that bolt is difficult then a jack under the front of the vehicle will lighten the load on the thread and make turning easier
remember that adjusting the height if the vehicle by adding extra tension to the torsion bars will alter the wheel alignment

Nov 06, 2015 | 1999 Honda Passport

1 Answer

How to install the timing chain


2.2L & 2.3L Engines
Except S2000 with 2.2L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2. Remove the cylinder head (valve) and upper timing belt covers.
  3. Turn the engine to align the timing marks and set cylinder No. 1 to Top Dead Center (TDC). The white mark on the crankshaft sprocket should align with the pointer on the timing belt cover. The words UP embossed on the camshaft sprocket should be aligned in the upward position. The marks on the edge of the sprocket should be aligned with the cylinder head or the back cover upper edge. Once in this position, the engine must NOT be turned or disturbed.
  4. Remove all necessary components for access to the lower timing belt cover, then remove the cover.
  5. There are two belts in this system; the one running to the camshaft sprocket is the timing belt. The other, shorter one drives the balance shaft and is referred to as the balancer shaft belt or timing balancer belt. Lock the timing belt adjuster in position, by installing one of the lower timing belt cover bolts to the adjuster arm.
  6. Loosen the timing belt and balancer shafts tensioner adjuster nut, do not loosen the nut more than one turn. Push the tensioner for the balancer belt away from the belt to relieve the tension. Hold the tensioner and tighten the adjusting nut to hold the tensioner in place.
  7. Carefully remove the balancer belt. Do not crimp or bend the belt; protect it from contact with oil or coolant.
  8. Remove the balancer belt sprocket from the crankshaft.
  9. Loosen the lockbolt installed to the timing belt adjuster and loosen the adjusting nut. Push the timing belt adjuster to remove the tension on the timing belt, then tighten the adjuster nut.
  10. Remove the timing belt by sliding it off the sprockets. Do not crimp or bend the belt; protect it from contact with oil or coolant.
  11. If defective, remove the belt tensioners by performing the following:
    1. Remove the springs from the balancer belt and the timing belt tensioners.
    2. Remove the adjusting nut from the belt tensioners.
    3. Remove the bolt from the balancer belt adjuster lever, and then remove the lever and the tensioner pulley.
    4. Remove the lockbolt from the timing belt tensioner lever, then remove the tensioner pulley and lever from the engine.
  12. This is an excellent time to check or replace the water pump. Even if the timing belt is only being replaced as part of a good maintenance schedule, consider replacing the pump at the same time.
  13. To install:
    1. If the water pump is to be replaced, install a new O-ring and make certain it is properly seated. Install the water pump and tighten the mounting bolts to 106 inch lbs. (12 Nm).
    2. If the tensioners were removed, perform the following procedures:
      1. Install the timing belt tensioner lever and the tensioner pulley.
      2. Install the balancer belt pulley and adjuster lever.
      3. Install the adjusting nut and the bolt to the balancer belt adjuster lever.
      4. Install the springs to the tensioners.
      5. Install the lockbolt to the timing belt tensioner, then move it its full deflection and tighten the lockbolt.
      6. Move the balancer it's full deflection and tighten the adjusting nut to hold its position.
    3. The pointer on the crankshaft sprocket should be aligned with the pointer on the oil pump; the camshaft sprocket must be aligned so that the wordUP is at the top of the sprocket and the marks on the edge of the sprocket are aligned with the surfaces of the head or the back cover upper edge.
    4. Install the timing belt on the sprockets in the following sequence: crankshaft sprocket, tensioner sprocket, water pump sprocket and camshaft sprocket.
    5. Check the timing marks to be sure that they did not move.
    6. Loosen, then retighten the timing belt adjusting nut; this will apply the proper amount of tension to the timing belt.
    7. Install the timing balancer belt drive sprocket and the lower timing belt cover.
    8. Install the crankshaft pulley and bolt, tighten the bolt to 181 ft. lbs. (245 Nm). Rotate the crankshaft sprocket 5-6 turns to position the timing belt on the sprockets.
    9. Set the No. 1 cylinder to TDC and loosen the timing belt adjusting nut one turn. Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise until the cam sprocket has moved 3 teeth; this creates tension on the timing belt.
    10. Tighten the timing belt adjusting nut.
    11. Set the crankshaft sprocket and the camshaft sprocket to TDC. If the sprockets do not align, remove the belt to realign the marks, then install the belt.
    12. Remove the crankshaft pulley and the lower cover.
    13. With the timing marks aligned, lock the timing belt adjuster in place with one of the lower cover mounting bolts.
    14. Loosen the adjusting nut and ensure the timing balancer belt adjuster moves freely.
    15. Align the rear timing balancer sprocket using a 6 x 100mm bolt or rod. Mark the bolt or rod at a point 2.9 in. (74mm) from the end. Remove the bolt from the maintenance hole on the side of the block; insert the bolt/rod into the hole and align the 2.9 in. (74mm) mark with the face of the hole. This will hold the shaft in place during installation.
    16. Align the groove on the front balancer shaft sprocket with the pointer on the oil pump.
    17. Install the balancer belt. Once the belts are in place, be sure that all the engine alignment marks are still correct. If not, remove the belts, realign the engine and reinstall the belts. Once the belts are properly installed, slowly loosen the adjusting nut, allowing the tensioner to move against the belt. Remove the bolt from the maintenance hole and reinstall the bolt and washer.
    18. Install the crankshaft pulley, then turn the crankshaft sprocket 1 turn counterclockwise and tighten the timing belt adjusting nut to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm).
    19. Remove the crankshaft pulley and the bolt locking the timing belt adjuster in place.
    20. Install the lower and upper timing belt covers, and all applicable components. When installing the crankshaft pulley, coat the threads and seating face of the pulley bolt with engine oil, then install and tighten the bolt to 181 ft. lbs. (250 Nm).
    21. Install the cylinder head cover gasket cover to the groove of the cylinder head cover. Before installing the gasket thoroughly clean the seal and the groove. Seat the recesses for the camshaft first, then work it into the groove around the outside edges. Be sure the gasket is seated securely in the corners of the recesses.
    22. Apply liquid gasket to the four corners of the recesses of the cylinder head cover gasket. Do not install the parts if 5 minutes or more have elapsed since applying liquid gasket. After assembly, wait at least 20 minutes before filling the engine with oil.
    23. Install the cylinder head (valve) cover and all other applicable components.
b0b9eb99-5646-47c3-bfea-3ed501154864.jpg dc472561-14cf-4143-9a20-b37ba89f57de.jpg

Jul 02, 2014 | 2004 Honda Accord

1 Answer

Set timing on a 98 honda civic dx


"The crankshaft timing pointer must be perfectly aligned with the white mark on the flywheel or flex-plate; the camshaft pulley must be aligned so that the word UP is at the top of the pulley and the marks on the edge of the pulley are aligned with the surfaces of the head.
Install the timing belt over the pulleys and tensioners.
Loosen the bolt used to lock the timing belt tensioner. Loosen, then tighten the timing belt adjusting nut.
Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise until the cam pulley has moved 3 teeth; this creates tension on the timing belt. Loosen, then tighten the adjusting nut and tighten it to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm). Tighten the bolt used to lock the timing belt tensioner.
Realign the timing belt marks, then install the balancer belt drive sprocket on the crankshaft.
Align the front balancer pulley; the face of the front timing balancer pulley has a mark, which must be aligned with the notch on the oil pump body. This pulley is the one at 10 o'clock to the crank pulley when viewed from the pulley end.
Align the rear timing balancer pulley (2 o'clock from the crank pulley) using a 6 x 100mm bolt or rod. Mark the bolt or rod at a point 2.9 in. (74mm) from the end. Remove the bolt from the maintenance hole on the side of the block; insert the bolt or rod into the hole. Align the 2.9 in. (74mm) mark with the face of the hole. This pin will hold the shaft in place during installation.
Install the balancer belt. Once the belts are in place, be sure that all the engine alignment marks are still correct. If not, remove the belts, realign the engine and reinstall the belts. Once the belts are properly installed, slowly loosen the adjusting nut, allowing the tensioner to move against the belt. Remove the pin from the maintenance hole and reinstall the bolt and washer.
Turn the crankshaft 1 full turn, then tighten the adjuster nut to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm). Remove the bolt used to lock the timing belt tensioner."

" " Chilton Library

Apr 27, 2012 | 1998 Honda Civic

1 Answer

I need timing marks on 2.2 toyota camry 2000


1. Remove the fan and generator V belt:
tdisline_542.jpg

tdisline_543.jpg 2. TIMING CHAIN (2az-FE Engine):
Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
Drain the engine oil.
Remove or disconnect the following:
Negative battery cable
Hood Right-side front wheel Engine under covers Right-side fender apron seal Front exhaust pipe Engine moving control rod and bracket Right-side engine mounting stay and bracket Accessory drive belt Engine appearance cover Engine wire Alternator Power steering pump, leave the hoses connected Ignition coils Ventilation hoses Cylinder head cover Turn the crankshaft pulley to set the No. 1 cylinder to TDC compression. Align the groove on the pulley with the timing mark -0- on the front cover. Remove the crankshaft pulley as follows:
1. TMC made: Use Special Tool 09213-54015 to hold the pulley to loosen the bolt. Use Special Tool 09950-50013 to remove the bolt and pulley.

2. TMMK made: Use Special Tool 09960-10010 to hold the pulley to remove the bolt. Use Special Tool 09950-40011 to remove the crankshaft pulley
tdisline_544.jpg Fig. Removing the crankshaft pulley-TMC-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
tdisline_545.jpg

Fig. Removing the crankshaft pulley-TMMK-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine

Remove or disconnect the following:
Crankshaft position sensor Lower oil pan No. 1 chain tensioner Accessory drive belt tensioner

  • Support the engine with a suitable engine lifting device.
  • Remove or disconnect the following:
    Engine mounting insulators Right-side engine mounting bracket Stud bolt for the accessory drive belt tensioner from the block Front cover mounting bolts and nuts Front cover Crankshaft position sensor plate Timing chain tensioner slipper Timing chain vibration damper Timing chain Crankshaft timing sprocket
  • Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise by 90°, and align an adjusting hole of the oil pump driven sprocket with the groove of the oil pump.
    tdisline_546.jpg
  • Fig. Align the adjusting hole of the oil pump drive sprocket with the oil pump groove-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    tdisline_551.jpg

    Fig. Insert a bar to lock the sprocket in position-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    Put a bar in the adjusting hole of the oil pump driven sprocket to temporarily lock the sprocket in position. Remove the nut.

    Remove the bolt, chain tensioner and spring.

    Remove the chain tensioner, oil pump sprocket and No. 2 timing chain.

    To install:
    Set the crankshaft key into the left horizontal position. Turn the cutout of the drive shaft to the top

    tdisline_552.jpg

  • Fig. Align the crankshaft key and drive shaft cutout as shown for installation-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    Align the yellow colored links with the timing marks of the sprocket as shown in the illustration.

  • Insert the sprockets with chain to the crankshaft and oil pump shaft.
  • Temporarily tighten the oil pump driven sprocket with the nut.
  • Insert the damper spring into the adjusting hole, and install the chain tensioner plate with the nut. Tighten to 9 ft. lbs. (12 Nm).
  • Align the adjusting hole of the oil pump driven sprocket with the groove of the oil pump.
  • Put a bar in the adjusting hole of the oil pump driven sprocket to temporarily lock the sprocket in position. Tighten the nut to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
  • Rotate the crankshaft counterclockwise by 90°, and align the crankshaft key to the top.
  • Install the timing chain vibration damper. Tighten to 80 inch lbs. (9 Nm).
  • Align the timing marks of the camshaft timing sprockets and bearing caps.
  • Using the crankshaft pulley bolt, turn the crankshaft and set the set key on the crankshaft upward.
  • Align the gold or orange colored link with the timing mark of the crankshaft timing sprocket.
  • Using Special Tool 09309-37010, tap in the sprocket.
  • Align the gold or yellow colored links with the timing marks of the camshaft timing gear and camshaft timing sprocket. Install the chain.
  • tdisline_553.jpg Fig. Align the marks of the sprockets and bearing caps to set the No. 1 cylinder at TDC-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    tdisline_554.jpg Fig. Set the crankshaft set key facing upward-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    tdisline_555.jpg Fig. Align the marked link of the timing chain with crankshaft sprocket timing mark-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    tdisline_556.jpg Fig. Tap the crankshaft sprocket in with Special Tool 09309-37010-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine
    tdisline_557.jpg Fig. Align the marked links of the timing chain with the camshaft sprockets during installation-2.4L (2AZ-FE) engine

    May 21, 2011 | Toyota Camry Cars & Trucks

    2 Answers

    I want to know how to fix the alignment on my 1995 honda accord ex.


    Before making wheel alignment adjustment, perform the following checks:
    1. Tires should be equal in size and runout must not be excessive. Tires and wheels should be in balance, and inflated to manufacturer's specifications.

    2. Wheel bearings must be properly adjusted. Steering linkage and suspension must not have excessive looseness. Check for wear in tie rod ends and ball joints.
    3. Steering gear box must not have excessive play. Check and adjust to manufacturer's specifications.
    4. Vehicle must be at curb height with full fuel load and spare tire in vehicle. No extra load should be on vehicle.
    5. Vehicle must be level with floor and with suspension settled. Jounce front and rear of vehicle several times and allow it to settle to normal curb height.
    6. If steering wheel is not centered with front wheels in straight-ahead position, correct by shortening one tie rod adjusting sleeve and lengthening opposite sleeve equal amounts.
    7. Ensure wheel lug nuts are tightened to torque specifications
    Ride Height Adjustment

    Before adjusting alignment, check riding height. Riding height must be checked with vehicle on level floor and tires properly inflated. Passenger and luggage compartments must be unloaded. Bounce vehicle several times, and allow suspension to settle. Visually inspect vehicle from front to rear and from side to side for signs of abnormal height.
    Measure riding height. See figure. Riding height between left and right sides of vehicle should vary less than 1′ (25.4 mm). If riding height is not within specification, check suspension components and repair or replace them as necessary.
    Wheel Alignment Procedures

    Honda recommends using commercially available computerized 4-wheel alignment equipment. Follow equipment manufacturer instructions to obtain vehicle alignment settings. Use following procedures for necessary adjustments.
    Civic Camber Adjustment
    Compare camber settings with vehicle manufacturer recommendations. If camber is incorrect, check for bent or damaged front suspension components. Replace faulty components. Recheck camber.
    Civic Caster Adjustment
    DO NOT use more than 2 shims. If more than 2 shims are required to adjust caster angle, check for bent or damaged suspension components.
    Compare caster settings with vehicle manufacturer recommendations. If caster is incorrect, check for bent or damaged front suspension components. Replace faulty components. Recheck caster.
    Civic Toe-In Adjustment

    1. Secure steering wheel in straight-ahead position. Measure front wheel toe-in. If adjustment is needed, loosen tie rod lock nuts. Turn both tie rods equally in the same direction until front wheels are in straight-ahead position and toe-in reading is correct. Tighten tie rod lock nuts. Reposition tie rod boots if twisted.
    2. Ensure parking brake is released. Check rear wheel toe-in. If adjustment is needed, hold adjusting bolt on rear compensator arm and loosen lock nut. See figure. Adjust rear toe-in by sliding rear control arm until rear toe-in is correct. Install NEW lock nut, and tighten it while holding adjusting bolt.
    Wheel Alignment Specifications

    • Camber - Measurement in degrees.
      • Front: 0 (range -1 to 1)
      • Rear: 0.33 (range -1.33 to 0.67)
    • Caster - Measurement in degrees.
      • 1.17 (range 0.17 to 2.17)
    • Toe-In - Measurement in inches (mm).
      • Front: -0 (0)
      • Rear: 0.08 (2.0)
    • Toe-In - Measurement in degrees.
      • Front: 0.00 (range - 0.16 to 0.16)
    • Toe-Out On Turns - Measurement in degrees.
      • Inner: 41.00
      • Outer: 33.50
    Torque Specifications Ft. Lbs (N.m)

    • Rear Control Arm Adjusting Bolt: 48 (65)
    • Spindle Nut: 136 (185)
    • Tie Rod Lock Nut: 41 (55)
    • Wheel Lug Nuts: 80 (108)
    hope this helps you out.

    May 09, 2011 | 1995 Honda Accord

    1 Answer

    4cyl 2000 honda accord engine stalls while idling, recently died and will only start for short periods... possible problems/solutions?


    check for spark and fuel after it dies.

    If there is spark but no fuel, then the fuel pump may be bad or a clogged fuel filter.

    If there is fuel but not spark, then the ignition control module or the ignition coil could be bad.

    Also, check that the timing belt is timing the engine correctly.
    Timing Belt & Balancer Belt

    Removal & Installation

    2.3L Engine

    To Remove:



    1. Record anti-theft code for radio.
    2. Disconnect battery negative cable then positive cable.






      honda-03-23-3542.gif



    3. Turn crankshaft pulley until TDC is achieved.
    4. Raise and safely support vehicle.
    5. Remove front tire assembly.
    6. Remove splash shield.
    7. Remove power steering belt.
    8. Remove alternator and alternator bracket.
    9. Safely support engine under oil pan.





      Upper bracket removal
      honda-03-23-3420.gif



    10. Remove stop, detach ground cable and remove upper bracket.
    11. Remove cylinder head cover.
    12. Remove upper cover.
    13. Remove dipstick and tube assembly.
    14. Remove crankshaft pulley.
    15. Remove adjusting nut rubber seal and remove lower cover.





      Timing belt/balancer belt removal
      honda-03-23-3544.gif



    16. Loosen adjusting nut 1 turn.
    17. Push up on balancer belt tensioner to relieve belt tension.
    18. Push down on timing belt tensioner to relieve belt tension.
    19. Tighten adjusting nut 1 turn.
    20. Remove balancer belt and timing belt.


    To Install:


    NOTE: Clean balancer belt drive pulley, timing belt pulleys and
    upper/lower timing cover prior to belt installation.








    honda-03-23-3425.gif






    1. Set timing belt drive pulley to TDC by aligning dimple on pulley with dimple
      on oil pump.






      honda-03-23-3426.gif



    2. Set camshaft pulley to TDC so that "UP" mark is at top and grooves align
      with top of cylinder head.





      Timing belt installation
      honda-03-23-3549.gif



    3. Starting with driver pulley, install timing belt in a counterclockwise
      sequence.
    4. Loosen and ten retighten adjusting nut.
    5. Install balancer belt drive pulley.
      NOTE: Inspect rubber seal on lower cover and replace as necessary.

    6. Install lower cover.
    7. Install crankshaft pulley and bolt.
    8. Rotate crankshaft pulley counterclockwise several times to seat belt.
    9. Loosen adjusting nut 1 turn.
    10. Rotate crankshaft counterclockwise 3 teeth on camshaft pulley.
    11. Tighten adjusting nut to 33 ft lb (44 Nm).






      honda-03-23-3542.gif



    12. Turn crankshaft pulley until TDC is achieved.






      honda-03-23-3426.gif



    13. Ensure that camshaft pulley "UP" mark is at top and grooves align with top
      of cylinder head.
    14. Remove crankshaft pulley and lower cover.
    15. Rotate crankshaft to TDC again and lock timing belt adjuster arm with a 6 mm
      timing cover bolt.
    16. Loosen adjuster nut 1 turn and ensure that belt tensioner freely moves.
    17. Push tensioner up and tighten adjusting nut.





      Balancer shaft alignment
      honda-03-23-3556.gif



    18. Remove bolt and washer from maintenance hole.
    19. Using a 6 X 100 mm bolt, scribe a mark 2.9 in (74 mm) from end.
    20. Insert bolt into maintenance hole and hole in balancer shaft.
    21. Install bolt up to scribed line.





      Balancer shaft alignment
      honda-03-23-3557.gif



    22. Align groove on balancer shaft with pointer on oil pump housing.
    23. Install balancer belt and loosen adjusting nut 1 turn to tension.
    24. Retighten bolt.





      Balancer shaft alignment
      honda-03-23-3556.gif



    25. Remove bolt from maintenance hole and install bolt and washer. Tighten to
      22 ft lb (29 Nm).
    26. Reinstall crankshaft pulley.
    27. Loosen adjusting nut 1 turn.
    28. Rotate crankshaft pulley counterclockwise 1 turn and tighten adjusting nut.
    29. Remove bolt from timing belt adjuster arm.
      NOTE: Inspect rubber seal on lower cover and replace as necessary.

    30. Remove crankshaft pulley.
    31. Install lower cover.
    32. Install seal at adjusting nut.
      NOTE: Crankshaft pulley, bolt and washer must be cleaned prior to
      installation.

    33. Lubricate crankshaft pulley bolt between head and washer and bolt threads
      with clean engine oil.






      honda-03-23-3537.gif



      CAUTION
      Do not use impact wrench to perform
      following step.

    34. Install crankshaft pulley and tighten bolt using special tools to 181 ft
      lb (245 Nm)
      .
    35. Install dipstick/tube assembly.
    36. Install upper cover. Tighten bolts to 9 ft lb (12 Nm).
    37. Install cylinder head cover.
    38. Install alternator bracket and alternator.
    39. Install power steering pump belt and alternator belt.





      Upper bracket installation
      honda-03-23-3420.gif



    40. Install upper bracket and tighten fasteners in proper numbered sequence.
    41. Install stop.
    42. Install battery and enter radio anti-theft code.


    prev.gif next.gif

    Oct 29, 2010 | 2000 Honda Accord

    1 Answer

    STeering wheel is loose and noisy while steering. Sounds like something broke inside.


    This might help to understand the steering linkage: REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Fig. 1: Steering linkage used on the Bronco and 4-wheel drive F-150 84928067.gif
    Fig. 2: Steering linkage used on the 4-wheel drive F-350 84928070.gif
    Fig. 3: Steering linkage used on F-Super Duty chassis/cab 84928071.gif
    Pitman Arm EXCEPT F-SUPER DUTY STRIPPED CHASSIS AND MOTOR HOME CHASSIS
    1. Place the wheels in a straight-ahead position.
    2. Disconnect the drag link at the Pitman arm. You'll need a puller such as a tie rod end remover.
    3. Remove the Pitman arm-to-gear nut and washer.
    4. Matchmark the Pitman arm and gear housing for installation purposes.
    5. Using a 2-jawed puller, remove the Pitman arm from the gear.
    6. Installation is the reverse of removal. Align the matchmarks when installing the Pitman arm. Tighten the Pitman arm nut to 170-230 ft. lbs. (230-312 Nm); torque the drag link ball stud nut to 50-75 ft. lbs. (68-102 Nm), advancing the nut to align the cotter pin hole. Never back off the nut to align the hole.
    F-SUPER DUTY STRIPPED CHASSIS MOTOR HOME CHASSIS
    1. Matchmark the Pitman arm and sector shaft.
    2. Disconnect the drag link from the Pitman arm.
    3. Remove the bolt and nut securing the Pitman arm to the sector shaft.
    4. Using a 2-jawed gear puller, remove the Pitman arm from the sector shaft. To install:
    5. Aligning the matchmarks, slide the Pitman arm onto the sector shaft. If the arm won't slide on easily, use a cold chisel to spread the separation. NEVER HAMMER THE ARM ONTO THE SHAFT! Hammering on the arm will damage the steering gear!
    6. Install the nut and bolt. Tighten the nut to 220-300 ft. lbs. (298-407 Nm).
    7. Connect the drag link.
    Tie Rod and Drag Link EXCEPT RUBBERIZED BALL SOCKET LINKAGE
    1. Place the wheels in a straight-ahead position.
    2. Remove the cotter pins and rust from the drag link and tie rod ball studs.
    3. Remove the drag link ball studs from the right-hand spindle and Pitman arm.
    4. Remove the tie rod ball studs from the left-hand spindle and drag link.
    5. Installation is the reverse of removal. Seat the studs in the tapered hole before tightening the nuts. This will avoid wrap-up of the rubber grommets during tightening of the nuts. Tighten the nuts to 70 ft. lbs. (95 Nm). Always use new cotter pins.
    6. Have the front end alignment checked.
    RUBBERIZED BALL SOCKET LINKAGE
    1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
    2. Place the wheels in the straight-ahead position.
    3. Remove the nuts connecting the drag link ball studs to the connecting rod and Pitman arm.
    4. Disconnect the drag link using a tie rod end remover.
    5. Loosen the bolts on the adjuster clamp. Count the number of turns it take to remove the drag link from the adjuster. To install:
    6. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure. Install the drag link with the same number of turns it took to remove it. Make certain that the wheels remain in the straight-ahead position during installation. Seat the studs in the tapered hole before tightening the nuts. This will avoid wrap-up of the rubber grommets during tightening of the nuts. Tighten the adjuster clamp nuts to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm). Tighten the ball stud nuts to 75 ft. lbs. (102 Nm).
    7. Have the front end alignment checked.
    Connecting Rod RUBBERIZED BALL SOCKET LINKAGE
    1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
    2. Place the wheels in the straight-ahead position.
    3. Disconnect the connecting rod from the drag link by removing the nut and separating the two with a tie rod end remover.
    4. Loosen the bolts on the adjusting sleeve clamps. Count the number of turns it takes to remove the connecting rod from the connecting rod from the adjuster sleeve and remove the rod.
    5. Installation is the reverse of removal. Install the connecting rod the exact number of turns noted during removal. Tighten the tie rod nuts to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm); the ball stud nut to 75 ft. lbs. (102 Nm).
    6. Have the front end alignment checked.
    Tie Rod Ends RUBBERIZED BALL SOCKET LINKAGE Fig. 4: Remove the cotter pin from the castellated nut at the ball stud 88288p02.jpg
    Fig. 5: Remove the nut from the ball stud 88288p03.jpg
    Fig. 6: Use a tie rod end puller tool to remove the ball stud from the Pitman arm 88288p04.jpg
    Fig. 7: Liquid correction fluid makes excellent paint to mark the threads of the tie rod end 88288p05.jpg
    Fig. 8: For a more accurate reinstallation, you may measure the tie rod end prior to removal 88288p06.jpg
    Fig. 9: After having loosened the nut, unscrew and remove the tie rod end 88288p07.jpg
    1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
    2. Place the wheels in a straight-ahead position.
    3. Remove the ball stud from the Pitman arm using a tie rod end remover. NOTE: Optional: paint a mark or measure the length of the tie rod end threads to ease reinstallation in as close to the original position as possible.
    4. Loosen the nuts on the adjusting sleeve clamp. Remove the ball stud from the adjuster, or the adjuster from the tie rod. Count the number of turns it takes to remove the sleeve from the tie rod or ball stud from the sleeve. To install:
    5. Install the sleeve on the tie rod, or the ball in the sleeve the same number of turns noted during removal. Make sure that the adjuster clamps are in the correct position, illustrated, and torque the clamp bolts to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm).
    6. Keep the wheels facing straight-ahead and install the ball studs. Tighten the nuts to 75 ft. lbs. (102 Nm). Use new cotter pins.
    7. Install the drag link and connecting rod.
    8. Have the front end alignment checked.
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    Sep 18, 2010 | 1996 Ford F150 Regular Cab

    1 Answer

    Hiwich timing mark I used to time the balancer shaft on a 99 honda accord with a 2.3L


    To Install:
    NOTE: Clean balancer belt drive pulley, timing belt pulleys and upper/lower timing cover prior to belt installation.
    honda-03-23-3425.gif

    1. Set timing belt drive pulley to TDC by aligning dimple on pulley with dimple on oil pump. honda-03-23-3426.gif

    2. Set camshaft pulley to TDC so that "UP" mark is at top and grooves align with top of cylinder head. Timing belt installation honda-03-23-3549.gif

    3. Starting with driver pulley, install timing belt in a counterclockwise sequence.
    4. Loosen and ten retighten adjusting nut.
    5. Install balancer belt drive pulley. NOTE: Inspect rubber seal on lower cover and replace as necessary.
    6. Install lower cover.
    7. Install crankshaft pulley and bolt.
    8. Rotate crankshaft pulley counterclockwise several times to seat belt.
    9. Loosen adjusting nut 1 turn.
    10. Rotate crankshaft counterclockwise 3 teeth on camshaft pulley.
    11. Tighten adjusting nut to 33 ft lb (44 Nm). honda-03-23-3542.gif

    12. Turn crankshaft pulley until TDC is achieved. honda-03-23-3426.gif

    13. Ensure that camshaft pulley "UP" mark is at top and grooves align with top of cylinder head.
    14. Remove crankshaft pulley and lower cover.
    15. Rotate crankshaft to TDC again and lock timing belt adjuster arm with a 6 mm timing cover bolt.
    16. Loosen adjuster nut 1 turn and ensure that belt tensioner freely moves.
    17. Push tensioner up and tighten adjusting nut. Balancer shaft alignment honda-03-23-3556.gif

    18. Remove bolt and washer from maintenance hole.
    19. Using a 6 X 100 mm bolt, scribe a mark 2.9 in (74 mm) from end.
    20. Insert bolt into maintenance hole and hole in balancer shaft.
    21. Install bolt up to scribed line. Balancer shaft alignment honda-03-23-3557.gif

    22. Align groove on balancer shaft with pointer on oil pump housing.
    23. Install balancer belt and loosen adjusting nut 1 turn to tension.
    24. Retighten bolt. Balancer shaft alignment honda-03-23-3556.gif

    25. Remove bolt from maintenance hole and install bolt and washer. Tighten to 22 ft lb (29 Nm).
    26. Reinstall crankshaft pulley.
    27. Loosen adjusting nut 1 turn.
    28. Rotate crankshaft pulley counterclockwise 1 turn and tighten adjusting nut.
    29. Remove bolt from timing belt adjuster arm. NOTE: Inspect rubber seal on lower cover and replace as necessary.
    30. Remove crankshaft pulley.
    31. Install lower cover.
    32. Install seal at adjusting nut. NOTE: Crankshaft pulley, bolt and washer must be cleaned prior to installation.
    33. Lubricate crankshaft pulley bolt between head and washer and bolt threads with clean engine oil. honda-03-23-3537.gif

      CAUTION
      Do not use impact wrench to perform following step.
    34. Install crankshaft pulley and tighten bolt using special tools to 181 ft lb (245 Nm).
    35. Install dipstick/tube assembly.
    36. Install upper cover. Tighten bolts to 9 ft lb (12 Nm).
    37. Install cylinder head cover.
    38. Install alternator bracket and alternator.
    39. Install power steering pump belt and alternator belt. Upper bracket installation honda-03-23-3420.gif

    40. Install upper bracket and tighten fasteners in proper numbered sequence.
    41. Install stop.
    42. Install battery and enter radio anti-theft code.
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    Jul 03, 2010 | Cars & Trucks

    2 Answers

    How do i put timing belt and water pump?


    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION of timing belt: Fig. 1: View of the timing belt cover 91163p64.gif
    Fig. 2: Loosen then timing belt tensioner using a ratchet and short socket 91163p65.gif
    Fig. 3: Matchmark the direction of rotation of the timing belt 91163p67.gif
    Fig. 4: Once loose, pull the belt off the camshaft pulley 91163p71.gif
    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2. Turn the crankshaft to align the timing belt matchmarks and set cylinder No. 1 to Top Dead Center (TDC) on the compression stroke. Once in this position, the engine must NOT be turned or disturbed.
    3. Remove all necessary components to gain access to the cylinder head and timing belt covers.
    4. Remove the cylinder head and timing belt covers.
    5. There are 2 belts in this system; the one running to the camshaft pulley is the timing belt. The other, shorter one drives the balance shafts and is referred to as the balancer belt or timing balancer belt. Lock the timing belt adjuster in position by installing one of the lower timing belt cover bolts to the adjuster arm.
    6. Loosen the timing belt and balancer shafts tensioner adjuster nut, but do not loosen the nut more than 1 turn. Push the tensioner for the balancer belt away from the belt to relieve the tension. Hold the tensioner and tighten the adjusting nut to hold the tensioner in place.
    7. Carefully remove the balancer belt. Do not crimp or bend the belt; protect it from contact with oil or coolant. Slide the belt off the pulleys.
    8. Remove the balancer belt drive sprocket from the crankshaft.
    9. Loosen the lockbolt installed to the timing belt adjuster and loosen the adjusting nut. Push the timing belt adjuster to remove the tension on the timing belt, then tighten the adjuster nut.
    10. Remove the timing belt. Do not crimp or bend the belt; protect it from contact with oil or coolant. Slide the belt off the pulleys.
    11. If defective, remove the belt tensioners by performing the following:
      1. Remove the springs from the balancer belt and the timing belt tensioners.
      2. Remove the adjusting nut.
      3. Remove the bolt from the balancer belt adjuster lever, then remove the lever and the tensioner pulley.
      4. Remove the lockbolt from the timing belt tensioner lever, then remove the tensioner pulley and lever from the engine.
    12. This is an excellent time to check or replace the water pump. Even if the timing belt is only being replaced as part of a good maintenance schedule, consider replacing the pump at the same time. To install:
    13. If the water pump is to be replaced, install a new O-ring and make certain it is properly seated. Install the water pump and retaining bolts. Tighten the mounting bolts to 106 inch lbs. (12 Nm).
    14. If the tensioners were removed, perform the following to install them:
      1. Install the timing belt tensioner lever and tensioner pulley. NOTE: The tensioner lever must be properly positioned on its pivot pin located on the oil pump. Be sure that the timing belt lever and tensioner moves freely and does not bind.
      2. Install the lockbolt to the timing belt tensioner, do not tighten the lockbolt at this time.
      3. Install the balancer belt pulley and adjuster lever.
      4. Install the adjusting nut and the bolt to the balancer belt adjuster lever. Do not tighten the adjuster nut or bolt at this time. NOTE: Be sure that the balancer lever and tensioner moves freely and does not bind.
      5. Install the springs to the tensioners.
      6. Move the timing belt tensioner its full deflection and tighten the lockbolt.
      7. Move the balancer its full deflection and tighten the adjusting nut.
    15. The crankshaft timing pointer must be perfectly aligned with the white mark on the flywheel or flex-plate; the camshaft pulley must be aligned so that the word UP is at the top of the pulley and the marks on the edge of the pulley are aligned with the surfaces of the head.
    16. Install the timing belt over the pulleys and tensioners.
    17. Loosen the bolt used to lock the timing belt tensioner. Loosen, then tighten the timing belt adjusting nut.
    18. Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise until the cam pulley has moved 3 teeth; this creates tension on the timing belt. Loosen, then tighten the adjusting nut and tighten it to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm). Tighten the bolt used to lock the timing belt tensioner.
    19. Realign the timing belt marks, then install the balancer belt drive sprocket on the crankshaft.
    20. Align the front balancer pulley; the face of the front timing balancer pulley has a mark, which must be aligned with the notch on the oil pump body. This pulley is the one at 10 o'clock to the crank pulley when viewed from the pulley end.
    21. Align the rear timing balancer pulley (2 o'clock from the crank pulley) using a 6 x 100mm bolt or rod. Mark the bolt or rod at a point 2.9 in. (74mm) from the end. Remove the bolt from the maintenance hole on the side of the block; insert the bolt or rod into the hole. Align the 2.9 in. (74mm) mark with the face of the hole. This pin will hold the shaft in place during installation.
    22. Install the balancer belt. Once the belts are in place, be sure that all the engine alignment marks are still correct. If not, remove the belts, realign the engine and reinstall the belts. Once the belts are properly installed, slowly loosen the adjusting nut, allowing the tensioner to move against the belt. Remove the pin from the maintenance hole and reinstall the bolt and washer.
    23. Turn the crankshaft 1 full turn, then tighten the adjuster nut to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm). Remove the bolt used to lock the timing belt tensioner.
    24. Install the lower cover, ensuring the rubber seals are in place. Install a new seal around the adjusting nut, DO NOT loosen the adjusting nut.
    25. Install the key on the crankshaft and install the crankshaft pulley. Apply oil to the bolt threads and tighten it to 181 ft. lbs. (250 Nm).
    26. Install the upper timing belt cover and all applicable components. When installing the side engine mount, tighten the bolt and nut attaching the mount to the engine to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm) and the through-bolt and nut to 47 ft. lbs. (65 Nm).
    27. Connect the negative battery cable.
    ---
    For water pump removal and installation contact me:

    Jul 12, 2010 | 1997 Honda Civic

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